Diospyros dubia Wall.; Diospyros tupru Buch.-Ham.; Diospyros wightiana Wall. fide DEP. Notes (Coromandel):
They brought thee for a present horns of ivory and ebony.
Ezekiel 27:15 (KJV)
The heartwood of several tropical species is the source of ebony, a hard black wood used for piano keys. Ebony was used, of old as it is today, frequently inlaid with ivory. We read that 200 logs of ebony presented to the kings of Persia every year by the Ethiopians were originally from India or Sri Lanka. The royal throne of Pluto, king of the mythical underworld, was made of ebony, as were carvings of many Egyptian gods and goddesses, especially those of Darkness, Night, and Sorrow. D. ebenum is viewed as the best ebony timber, the only one that yields jet black heartwood without streaks or marking (BIB). Zohary identifies the biblical ebony, hovenium in Hebrew, hbu in Egyptian, as D. ebenum, admitting that many species of Diospyros yield this expensive wood (ZOH). The Bible is sketchy about commercial routes in biblical times. Although not sure that ebony and
ivory reached Israel from India, Zohary seems sure that both Asian and African merchandise were shipped to the Phoenician commercial Dedan, on the Arabian coast. (ZOH). Common names below can be viewed as more generic than specific, the EFS names applying to Diospyros ebenum, D. embryopteris, and other species. I have left out any I am sure apply to our eastern persimmon.
Common Names (Coromandel):
Abanasi (Kan.; WOI); Abnus (Arab.; Hindi; Iran; Urdu; DEP; KAB); Abuus (Arab.; DEP); Balai (Kan.; Kanari; DEP; KAB); Bale (Kan.; WOI); Bois de Coromandel (Fr.; KAB); Coromandel (Eng.; WOI); Dirghapatraka (Sanskrit; WOI); Ebony (Eng.; WOI); Ebony Persimmon (Eng.; WOI); Gatto lazo (It. KAB); Gora Tiril (Kol.; DEP); Jalaja (Karai; Tam.; WOI); Kakatembhurnia (Mar.; KAB); Kari (Mal.; WOI); Karundumbi (Tam.; KAB; WOI); Karunthumb (Tam.; DEP); Kend (Beng; NAD); Kendu (Hindi; Oriya; DEP; KAB); Kenduka (Sanskrit; DEP); Kiril (San.; KAB); Kiu (Beng.; DEP); Mancigata (Tel.; WOI); Manjigata (Tel.; KAB); Nallatumki (Tel.; WOI); Ouk Chin Ya (Burma; DEP; KAB); Schwartzholzbaum (Ger.; NAD); Tamrug (Baroda; Guj.; KAB; WOI); Tembhurni (Thana;
DEP; KAB); Temburni (Kolaba; KAB); Tendu (Baigas; Hindi; Mar.; DEP; KAB; WOI); Timberni (Bom.; KAB); Timburni (Hindi; Mar.; DEP; WOI); Timru (Raj.; SKJ); Timrug (Guj.; DEP); Tumari (Kan.; WOI); Tumbi (Tam.; WOI); Tumburnni (Bom.; DEP); Tumi (Tel.; DEP); Tumki (Tel.; WOI); Tummer (Gond.; DEP; KAB); Tumru (Mar.; WOI); Tumvuru (Sanskrit; NAD); Nscn.
Antiseptic (f; SKJ); Astringent (f; DEP; EFS; WOI); Carminative (f; WOI); Depurative (f; WOI); Diuretic (f; WOI); Hemostat (f; WOI); Intoxicant (f; BIB); Laxative (f; WOI); Tonic (f; DEP; NAD).
Adenopathy (f; BIB); Anemia (f; BIB); Biliousness (f; KAB); Bleeding (f; DEP); Blood (f; WOI); Burn (f; BIB); Cardiopathy (f; BIB); Cerebrosis (f; BIB); Constipation (f; WOI); Corneosis (f; BIB); Dermatosis (f; WOI); Diarrhea (f; NAD; WOI); Dysentery (f; BIB; DEP; NAD); Dyspepsia (f; NAD; WOI); Dysuria (f; WOI); Epistaxis (f; BIB); Infection (f; SKJ); Leukorrhea (f; BIB); Nyctalopia (f; BIB); Ophthalmia (f; BIB) Palpitations (f; BIB); Scabies (f; BIB) Smallpox (f; BIB); Sore (f; BIB); Splenosis (f; BIB) Trichiasis (f; BIB) Uterosis (f; BIB); Vaginosis (f; BIB); Wen (f; BIB); Intoxicant (f; BIB).
Fruits edible (WOI).
• Asian Indians burn the bark to treat smallpox (BIB).
• Ayurvedics consider the fruits astringent, carminative, and good for biliousness (KAB).
• Hindus consider the seeds intoxicating, using them for heart palpitations, mental disorders, and nervous breakdowns (KAB).
• Indian Hakims apply powdered bark to corneal ulcers, using it internally with black pepper for diarrhea, dysentery, and dyspepsia (KAB).
• Unani use the leaves for burns, epistaxis, ophthalmia, scabies, trichiasis, tubercular glands, and wens; the flowers for anemia, leucorrhea, nightblindness, scabies, splenitis, and urinary discharges (KAB).
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