Common Names Costus

Agada (Sanskrit; KAB); Aucklandia (Eng.; Ocn.; AH2); Changala (Tel.; DEP); Chengulva (Tel.; NAD); Chobiqut (Kas.; WOI); Costus (Eng.; Scn.; AH2; CR2); Goda Mahanel (Sing.; DEP);

Saussurea Costus
FIGURE 1.102 Costus (Saussurea castus).

Goshtam (Tam.; DEP); Gostan (Tam.; NAD); Indische Kostuswurzel (Ger.; HH2); Kashmirja (Sanskrit; DEP); Kashtam (Sanskrit; NAD); Koshnaha (Iran; KAB); Koshta (Kan.; WOI); Kostum (Tam.; DEP); Kostuspflanze (Ger.; HH2); Kosuta (Kan.; NAD); Kot (Hindi; Pun.; DEP; KAB); Kur (Beng.; Hindi; DEP; NAD); Kushta (Mar.; Sanskit; WOI); Kushtha (Sanskrit; Ayu.; AH2; HH2); Kust (Arab.; Iran; DEP; HH2; NAD); Kust Talkh (Pun.; DEP); Kustabeheri (Arab.; KAB); Kustam (Tel.; KAB; NAD); Kustullhalu (Arab.; KAB); Kustum (Tel.; DEP); Kut (Guj.; Hindi; Urdu; HH2; KAB); Kuth (Eng.; Hindi; Kas.; Nepal; CR2; MKK); Kutshirin (Iran; KAB); Kuttalkh (Iran; KAB); Mook Heong (Malaya; HH2); Mu Hsian (Malaya; HH2); Mu Xiang (Pin.; AH2; DAA); Muk Heung (Canton; KAB); Ouplate (Bom.; DEP); Pachak (Beng.; Hindi; DEP; KAB); Patalapadmini (Kasmir; NAD); Pokharmul (Hindi; NAD); Post Khai (Kas.; DEP); Practige Kostwurz (Ger.; NAD); Putchuk (Tam.; DEP; KAB); Rusta (Bhote; DEP); Sepuddy (Mal.; DEP; KAB); Upalet (Bom.; Guj.; NAD); Upaleta (Guj.; DEP); Yun Mu Xiang (Pin.; AH2).

Activities (Costus):

Alexipharmic (f; KAB); Alterative (f; KAB; KAP; SUW); Amebicide (1; NAD); Analgesic (f; KAB); Anthelmintic (f; HHB; KAB); Antianginal (1; PH2); Antidote (f; PH2); Antiedemic (1; X12222664); Antiinflammatory (1; X12916066); Antilambdial (f; X14497181); Antileukemic (1; X15209353); Anti-mycobacterial (1; PR14:303); Antioxidant (1; PR14:250); Antiperistaltic (1; WOI); Antiproliferant (1; X12916066); Antiradicular (1; PR14:250); Antiseptic (1; HH2; KAB; KAP; PH2); Antispasmodic (1; HH2; SUW; WOI; JAC7:405); Antistress (1; PH2); Antitubercular (1; PR14:303); Antiulcer (1; PH2); Aphrodisiac (f; DEP; HHB); Apoptotic (1; X15737683); Astringent (f; KAP); Bactericide (1; HH2; PR14:303; X15814268); Bronchoconstrictor (1; WOI); Bronchodilator (1; NAD; WOI; JAC7:405); Bron-chospasmolytic (1; PH2); Candidicide (1; HH2); Cardiotonic (1; KAB; KAP); Carminative (f1; KAB; KAP; SUW; WOI); Caspase Inducer (1; X15209353); Cerebrotonic (f; KAB); Circulostimulant (1; WOI); CNS Depressant (1; NAD; WOI); Contraceptive (f; PH2); Cytotoxic (1; X14510592); Depurative (f; KAB); Diuretic (1; HHB; KAB; SKJ; WOI; JAC7:405); Emmenagogue (f; HHB; KAB); Expectorant (1; KAB; KAP; WOI); Fungicide (1; HH2; PH2); Hypogycemic (1; JAC7:405); Hypotensive (1; HH2; WOI; JAC7:405); iNOS Inhibitor (1; X12538000); Insecticide (1; WOI); Myorelaxant (f1; KAP; NAD); NF-kappaB Inhibitor (1; X15209353); Sedative (f1; KAP; NAD); Stimulant (f; PH2; SUW); Stomachic (f; KAB; SUW); TNF-alpha Inhibitor (1; X15209353); Tonic (f; IHB; KAB; SUW); Vasodilator (1; HH2).

Indications (Costus):

Angina (1; PH2; JAC7:405); Anorexia (f; PH2); Arthrosis (f1; KAB; X12222664); Asthma (f; DEP; IHB; PH2; SUW); Bacteria (1; HH2; PH2; X15814268); Bronchosis (f1; KAB; PH2; WOI); Cancer (f; HHB; KAP); Cancer, abdomen (f; HHB; JLH); Cancer, colon (f; JLH); Cancer, liver (f; JLH); Cancer, spleen (f; JLH); Cancer, stomach (1; X15737683); Candida (1; HH2); Cardiopathy (1; PH2; SKJ); Childbirth (f; IHB); Cholera (f; DEP; NAD; PH2; SUW); Constipation (fl IHB); Cough (f; DEP; KAB; PH2; SUW); Cramp (f; MKK); Deafness (f; KAB); Dermatosis (f; DEP; IHB; KAP; PH2; SUW); Diabetes (1; JAC7:405); Dysentery (f; MKK); Dyspepsia (f; DEP; KAP; NAD); Edema (1; X12222664); Enterosis (f; HHB); Epilepsy (f; KAB); Erysipelas (f; KAB); Fever (f; IHB; KAB); Fungus (f1; HH2; KAB); Gas (f1; KAB; PH2); Gastrosis (1; PH2; X15737683); Headache (f; KAB); Helicobacter (1; X15814268); Hepatosis (f; JLH); Hiccup (f; KAB; KAP); High Blood Pressure (f; HH2); Hysteria (f; KAB); Induration (f; JLH); Infection (1; HH2; PH2); Inflammation (f; KAB); Insomnia (f1; NAD); Itch (f; KAB); Klebsiella (1; HH2); Leprosy (f; KAB; KAP); Leukoderma (f; KAB); Malaria (f; KAB; KAP); Mycosis (f1; HH2; KAB); Nephrosis (f; KAB); Pain (f; IHB; KAB); Paralysis (f; KAB); Rheumatism (f; DEP; KAB; KAP; SUW); Ringworm (f; KAB); Scabies (f; KAB); Schistosoma (1; HH2); Shigella (1; HH2); Smallpox (f; IHB); Sore (f; DEP; KAB; KAP); Spasm (f1; NAD); Splenosis (f; JLH); Staphylococcus (1; HH2; KAP; WOI); Stomachache (f; IHB); Streptococcus (1; KAP; WOI); Stress (1; PH2); Toothache (f; DEP); Trematode (1; HH2); Tuberculosis (1; JNP61:1181); Typhus (f; KAB); Ulcer (1; PH2; X15814268); Worm (f1; HH2; KAB); Wound (f; IHB; KAP; PH2); Yeast (1; HH2).

Dosages (Costus):

Root used as spice; esssential oil used to flavor baked goods, beverages, candies, frostings, gelatins, and puddings (FAC). One 500-mg capsule, twice a day for 30 days (JAC7:405).

Ayurvedics consider the root alterative, aphrodisiac, good for blood, bronchitis, complexion, cough, epilepsy, erysipelas, headache, hysteria, itch, leukoderma, ringworm, and scabies (KAB).

• Chinese smoke the CNS-depressant root as a substitute for opium (NAD).

• Punjabi, considering the root aphrodisiac, depurative, apply powdered root to sores and wounds with worms, and to rheumatism (KAB).

• Unani consider the root alexipharmic, analgesic, anthelmintic, carminative, cerebrotonic emmenagogue, and tonic, using it for arthrosis, asthma, cough, deafness, fever, hepatosis, inflammation, nephrosis, ophthalmia, paralysis, and pulmonosis (KAB).

Downsides (Costus):

Class 1 (AHP). No health hazards or side effects known with proper therapeutic dosages (PH2) (PH2 designates no dosage!; JAD).

Extracts (Costus):

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