Common Names Costus

Agada (Sanskrit; KAB); Aucklandia (Eng.; Ocn.; AH2); Changala (Tel.; DEP); Chengulva (Tel.; NAD); Chobiqut (Kas.; WOI); Costus (Eng.; Scn.; AH2; CR2); Goda Mahanel (Sing.; DEP);

Saussurea Costus
FIGURE 1.102 Costus (Saussurea castus).

Goshtam (Tam.; DEP); Gostan (Tam.; NAD); Indische Kostuswurzel (Ger.; HH2); Kashmirja (Sanskrit; DEP); Kashtam (Sanskrit; NAD); Koshnaha (Iran; KAB); Koshta (Kan.; WOI); Kostum (Tam.; DEP); Kostuspflanze (Ger.; HH2); Kosuta (Kan.; NAD); Kot (Hindi; Pun.; DEP; KAB); Kur (Beng.; Hindi; DEP; NAD); Kushta (Mar.; Sanskit; WOI); Kushtha (Sanskrit; Ayu.; AH2; HH2); Kust (Arab.; Iran; DEP; HH2; NAD); Kust Talkh (Pun.; DEP); Kustabeheri (Arab.; KAB); Kustam (Tel.; KAB; NAD); Kustullhalu (Arab.; KAB); Kustum (Tel.; DEP); Kut (Guj.; Hindi; Urdu; HH2; KAB); Kuth (Eng.; Hindi; Kas.; Nepal; CR2; MKK); Kutshirin (Iran; KAB); Kuttalkh (Iran; KAB); Mook Heong (Malaya; HH2); Mu Hsian (Malaya; HH2); Mu Xiang (Pin.; AH2; DAA); Muk Heung (Canton; KAB); Ouplate (Bom.; DEP); Pachak (Beng.; Hindi; DEP; KAB); Patalapadmini (Kasmir; NAD); Pokharmul (Hindi; NAD); Post Khai (Kas.; DEP); Practige Kostwurz (Ger.; NAD); Putchuk (Tam.; DEP; KAB); Rusta (Bhote; DEP); Sepuddy (Mal.; DEP; KAB); Upalet (Bom.; Guj.; NAD); Upaleta (Guj.; DEP); Yun Mu Xiang (Pin.; AH2).

Activities (Costus):

Alexipharmic (f; KAB); Alterative (f; KAB; KAP; SUW); Amebicide (1; NAD); Analgesic (f; KAB); Anthelmintic (f; HHB; KAB); Antianginal (1; PH2); Antidote (f; PH2); Antiedemic (1; X12222664); Antiinflammatory (1; X12916066); Antilambdial (f; X14497181); Antileukemic (1; X15209353); Anti-mycobacterial (1; PR14:303); Antioxidant (1; PR14:250); Antiperistaltic (1; WOI); Antiproliferant (1; X12916066); Antiradicular (1; PR14:250); Antiseptic (1; HH2; KAB; KAP; PH2); Antispasmodic (1; HH2; SUW; WOI; JAC7:405); Antistress (1; PH2); Antitubercular (1; PR14:303); Antiulcer (1; PH2); Aphrodisiac (f; DEP; HHB); Apoptotic (1; X15737683); Astringent (f; KAP); Bactericide (1; HH2; PR14:303; X15814268); Bronchoconstrictor (1; WOI); Bronchodilator (1; NAD; WOI; JAC7:405); Bron-chospasmolytic (1; PH2); Candidicide (1; HH2); Cardiotonic (1; KAB; KAP); Carminative (f1; KAB; KAP; SUW; WOI); Caspase Inducer (1; X15209353); Cerebrotonic (f; KAB); Circulostimulant (1; WOI); CNS Depressant (1; NAD; WOI); Contraceptive (f; PH2); Cytotoxic (1; X14510592); Depurative (f; KAB); Diuretic (1; HHB; KAB; SKJ; WOI; JAC7:405); Emmenagogue (f; HHB; KAB); Expectorant (1; KAB; KAP; WOI); Fungicide (1; HH2; PH2); Hypogycemic (1; JAC7:405); Hypotensive (1; HH2; WOI; JAC7:405); iNOS Inhibitor (1; X12538000); Insecticide (1; WOI); Myorelaxant (f1; KAP; NAD); NF-kappaB Inhibitor (1; X15209353); Sedative (f1; KAP; NAD); Stimulant (f; PH2; SUW); Stomachic (f; KAB; SUW); TNF-alpha Inhibitor (1; X15209353); Tonic (f; IHB; KAB; SUW); Vasodilator (1; HH2).

Indications (Costus):

Angina (1; PH2; JAC7:405); Anorexia (f; PH2); Arthrosis (f1; KAB; X12222664); Asthma (f; DEP; IHB; PH2; SUW); Bacteria (1; HH2; PH2; X15814268); Bronchosis (f1; KAB; PH2; WOI); Cancer (f; HHB; KAP); Cancer, abdomen (f; HHB; JLH); Cancer, colon (f; JLH); Cancer, liver (f; JLH); Cancer, spleen (f; JLH); Cancer, stomach (1; X15737683); Candida (1; HH2); Cardiopathy (1; PH2; SKJ); Childbirth (f; IHB); Cholera (f; DEP; NAD; PH2; SUW); Constipation (fl IHB); Cough (f; DEP; KAB; PH2; SUW); Cramp (f; MKK); Deafness (f; KAB); Dermatosis (f; DEP; IHB; KAP; PH2; SUW); Diabetes (1; JAC7:405); Dysentery (f; MKK); Dyspepsia (f; DEP; KAP; NAD); Edema (1; X12222664); Enterosis (f; HHB); Epilepsy (f; KAB); Erysipelas (f; KAB); Fever (f; IHB; KAB); Fungus (f1; HH2; KAB); Gas (f1; KAB; PH2); Gastrosis (1; PH2; X15737683); Headache (f; KAB); Helicobacter (1; X15814268); Hepatosis (f; JLH); Hiccup (f; KAB; KAP); High Blood Pressure (f; HH2); Hysteria (f; KAB); Induration (f; JLH); Infection (1; HH2; PH2); Inflammation (f; KAB); Insomnia (f1; NAD); Itch (f; KAB); Klebsiella (1; HH2); Leprosy (f; KAB; KAP); Leukoderma (f; KAB); Malaria (f; KAB; KAP); Mycosis (f1; HH2; KAB); Nephrosis (f; KAB); Pain (f; IHB; KAB); Paralysis (f; KAB); Rheumatism (f; DEP; KAB; KAP; SUW); Ringworm (f; KAB); Scabies (f; KAB); Schistosoma (1; HH2); Shigella (1; HH2); Smallpox (f; IHB); Sore (f; DEP; KAB; KAP); Spasm (f1; NAD); Splenosis (f; JLH); Staphylococcus (1; HH2; KAP; WOI); Stomachache (f; IHB); Streptococcus (1; KAP; WOI); Stress (1; PH2); Toothache (f; DEP); Trematode (1; HH2); Tuberculosis (1; JNP61:1181); Typhus (f; KAB); Ulcer (1; PH2; X15814268); Worm (f1; HH2; KAB); Wound (f; IHB; KAP; PH2); Yeast (1; HH2).

Dosages (Costus):

Root used as spice; esssential oil used to flavor baked goods, beverages, candies, frostings, gelatins, and puddings (FAC). One 500-mg capsule, twice a day for 30 days (JAC7:405).

Ayurvedics consider the root alterative, aphrodisiac, good for blood, bronchitis, complexion, cough, epilepsy, erysipelas, headache, hysteria, itch, leukoderma, ringworm, and scabies (KAB).

• Chinese smoke the CNS-depressant root as a substitute for opium (NAD).

• Punjabi, considering the root aphrodisiac, depurative, apply powdered root to sores and wounds with worms, and to rheumatism (KAB).

• Unani consider the root alexipharmic, analgesic, anthelmintic, carminative, cerebrotonic emmenagogue, and tonic, using it for arthrosis, asthma, cough, deafness, fever, hepatosis, inflammation, nephrosis, ophthalmia, paralysis, and pulmonosis (KAB).

Downsides (Costus):

Class 1 (AHP). No health hazards or side effects known with proper therapeutic dosages (PH2) (PH2 designates no dosage!; JAD).

Extracts (Costus):

Coping with Asthma

Coping with Asthma

If you suffer with asthma, you will no doubt be familiar with the uncomfortable sensations as your bronchial tubes begin to narrow and your muscles around them start to tighten. A sticky mucus known as phlegm begins to produce and increase within your bronchial tubes and you begin to wheeze, cough and struggle to breathe.

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