Agarwood aquilaria malaccensis lam thymelaeaceae

Synonyms:

Agallochum malaccense O.K.; Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.; Aquilaria malaicense Rumph.; Aqui-laria ovata Cav.; Aquilaria secundaria DC.; Aquilariella malaccensis Van Thiegh fide HH2

Notes (Agarwood):

All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes...

This is the aloe of the Old Testament; that of the New Testament is generally considered to be Aloe vera. The darker of several types of eaglewood, especially when partially diseased and decayed, is highly valued in perfumery, as incense, and for fumigation. The treasured unhealthy wood is so much more valuable than the healthy, that the healthy tree is too often destroyed in the quest for patches of unhealthy wood. Called agar, it is powdered and used as a flea and lice repellent. The soft and fragrant inner wood, itself worth its weight in gold, was molded and used as a setting for precious stones. Myth has it in the East that eaglewood is the only tree to have descended to Man from the Garden of Eden, all others having perished. Supposedly, Adam brought one of its shoots and transplanted it to the land where he settled, other eaglewoods having sprung from this shoot. That is why it is sometimes called Shoot of Paradise and Paradise Wood. Malayans made cloth from the pounded bark. Annamese make a paper substitute from the bark, having presented 30,000 rolls of aloe paper to a Chinese emperor in A.D (BIB).

Common Names (Agarwood):

Adlerholz (Ger.; USN); Agallochon (Greek; DEP); Agallochum (Eng.; DEP); Agalugi (HH2); Agar (Bom.; Guj.; Hindi; Iran; Jap. Tam.; Urdu; DEP; HH2; KAB); Agare Hindi (Arab.; DEP); Agarwood

Aquilaria Malaccensis

FIGURE 1.10 Agarwood (Aquilaria malaccensis).

(Eng.; Scn.; AH2; USN); Agaru (Ayu.; Beng.; Kan.; Sanskrit; AH2; DEP); Aggalichandana (Tam.; DEP; KAB; WO2); Aggar (Arab.; HH2); Aggur (Arab.; HH2); Aghal (Sanskrit; ZOH); Aghalukhi (Arab.; DEP); Agnikashtha (Sanskrit; KAB); Agre Hindi (Iran; DEP); Agru (Tel.; DEP); Agulugin (HH2); Aguru (Sanskrit; HH2); Ahalim (Heb.; IHB); Ahaloth (Heb.; DEP; IHB; ZOH); Akatau (Mal.; KAB); Akyan (Burma; NAD); Akyau (Burma; DEP); Akyaw (Eng.; DEP); Aloes Wood (Eng.; Ocn.; AH2; USN); Anaryaka (Sanskrit; KAB); Aquilaire (Fr.; KAB); Asara (Sanskrit; KAB); Aud Hindi (Arab.; DEP); Aude Hindi (Arab.; DEP); Belanjirj (Iran; NAD); Bois d'Aigle (Fr.;

HH2); Bois d'Aloes (Fr.; HH2); Bringhaja (Sanskrit; KAB); Calambac (Eng.; DEP); Chan Krasna (Cam.; KAB); Cheng Ch'en Chi (China; KAB); Ch'en Hsiang (China; KAB); Chen Xiang (Pin.; AH2); Eaglewood (Eng.; USN); Gaharu (Malaya; IHB); Garu (Mal.; DEP); Hindiagara (Bom.; DEP); Indian Aloewood (Eng.; USN); Jinkoh (Malaya; HH2); Jishvarupa (Sanskrit; KNAD); Jonk (Sanskrit; KAB); Kanankoh (Malaya; HH2); Karas (Mal.; IHB); Kashthaka (Sanskrit; KAB); Kaya-gahru (Mal.; NAD); Kayu (Mal.; DEP); Kekaras (Malaya; IHB); Kihay (Sin.; DEP; KAB); Klim (Malaya; Semang; IHB); Krasne (Cam.; KAB); Krimigandha (Sanskrit; KAB); Krimija (Sanskrit; KAB); Krishna (Sanskrit; KAB); Krishnagaru (Kan.; Tam.; Tel.; NAD); Kyara (Malaya; HH2); Laghu (Sanskrit; KAB); Lign-aloes (Eng.; JLH; USN); Lignum Aloes (Eng.; DEP); Loha (Sanskrit; KAB); Lohakhya (Sanskrit; KAB); Malacca Eaglewood (Eng.; WO2); Malayan Aloewood (Eng.; WOI); Mi Hsiang (China; KAB); Nwahmi (Thai; DEP); Nyaw Chah (China; DEP); Ood Hindi (Arab.; DEP); Owd (Iran; HH2); Owd Hindi (Iran; HH2); Paradise Wood (Eng.; HH2); Pataka (Sanskrit; KAB); Pichhila (Sanskrit; KAB); Pravara (Sanskrit; KAB); Rajarah Kalijya (Sanskrit; NAD); Rajarha (Sanskrit; KAB); Sam Chit (Malaya; KAB); Sasi (Assam; DEP); Shoot of Paradise (Eng.; BIB); Sinnah (Sin.; DEP; KAB); Tabak (Sakai; IHB); Tebal (Malaya; Pangan; IHB); Tengkaras (Malaya; IHB); Ud (Mal.; KAB); Ud el Juj (Arab.; NAD); Ud Hindi (Arab.; DEP); Ude Hindi (Arab.; DEP); Ugar (Beng.; DEP); Uggor (Arab.; HH2); Vanshika (Sanskrit; KAB); Varnaprasadana (Sanskrit; KAB); Xylaloe (Greek; ZOH); Yelunjooj (;? HH2); Yogasha (Sanskrit; KAB).

Activities (Agarwood):

Anodyne (f; BIB; NAD); Antianaphylactic (1; X9324002); Anticancer (1; X7320738); Antihistamine (1; X9324002); Aphrodisiac (f; BIB); Astringent (f; KAB); Cardiotonic (1; WO2); Carminative (f; BIB); Cerebrotonic (f; KAB); Cholagogue (f; NAD); CNS Depressant (1; X8441779; WO3); Cytotoxic (1; X7320738); Deobstruent (f; NAD); Diuretic (f; BIB); Febrifuge (1; X8441779); Insec-tifuge (f1; WO2); Pulifuge (f1; WO2); Sedative (1; X8441779); Stimulant (f; BIB); Stomachic (f; BIB); Tonic (f; BIB).

Indications (Agarwood):

Allergy (1; X9324002); Anaphylaxis (1; X9324002); Anuria (f; HH2); Asthma (f1; BIB; WO2; X9324002); Bleeding (f; DEP); Bronchosis (f; BIB; NAD); Cancer (f; BIB); Cancer, colon (f; BIB); Cancer, liver (f; BIB); Cancer, lung (f; BIB); Cancer, stomach (f; BIB); Cancer, thyroid (f; BIB); Cardiopathy (f; IHB); Childbirth (f; BIB; IHB); Cholera (f; HH2); Colic (f; BIB; DEP); Congestion (f; BIB); Cough (f; HH2); Dermatosis (f; BIB); Diarrhea (f; BIB); Dropsy (f; BIB); Dysgeusia (f; KAB); Enteralgia (f; BIB); Enterosis (f; BIB); Fever (f1; BIB; DEP; X8441779); Gastrosis (f; BIB); Gout (f; BIB; DEP); Headache (f; NAD); Hepatosis (f; KAB); Hiccup (f; BIB); Impotence (f; KAB); Induration (f; BIB); Leukoderma (f; BIB; KAB); Malaria (f; BIB; HH2); Nausea (f; BIB; DEP); Nephrosis (f; BIB); Ophthalmia (f; BIB); Otosis (f; BIB); Pain (f; BIB); Palpitation (f; IHB); Palsy (f; BIB; DEP); Paralysis (f; BIB); Pulmonosis (f; BIB); Rheumatism (f; BIB; DEP); Smallpox (f; IHB); Thirst (f; KAB); Tumor (f; JLH); Vertigo (f; BIB; DEP); Wound (f; BIB).

Dosages (Agarwood):

• Asian Indians apply a paste of Agaru and Isvari in brandy to the chest in bronchitis and to the head in headache (NAD).

• Asian Indians use the plant for abdominal tumors (JLH).

Ayurvedics use wood for ear and eye ailments, asthma, dermatosis, hiccup, and leuco-derma (KAB).

• Chinese consider the wood aphrodisiac, carminative, stimulant, and tonic (KAB).

• Malayans, considering it carminative, stimulant, and tonic, take it in childbirth, for female ailments, and for coronary palpitations (IHB).

• Unani use wood for asthma, bronchitis, diarrhea, enteritis, gastritis, hepatitis, nausea, and to stabilize the fetus in the uterus (KAB).

Natural History (Agarwood):

Only fungus-infected wood provides the prized agarwood of commerce. Species of Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, and Fungi imperfecti.

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