English Desert Date

Ayurvedic Ingudi, Angaar Vrksha, Taapasadrum, Taapasa vrksha, Dirghkantaka. Folk Hingol, Hingota, Hingothaa. Action Seed expectorant, bechic. Oil antibacterial, antifungal. Fruit used in whooping cough also in leucoderma and other skin diseases. Bark spasmolytic. The plant is reported to be a potential source of diosgenin (used in oral contraceptives). The fruit pulp contains steroidal saponins. The dios-genin content of the fruit varies from 0.3 to 3.8 . Aqueous extract of fruits showed...

English Indian Napellus

Ayurvedic Visha, Shringika-Visha, Vatsanaabha (related sp.). Action Sedative, antirheumatic, analgesic, antitussive, antidiar-rhoeal. Ayurvedic Formulary of India, Part I and Part II, equated A. chasmanthum with Vatsanaabha. (See A.ferox.) It has the same uses as A. ferox. The alkaloid content of the root ranges from 2.98 to 3.11 includes chasmaconitine and chasmanthinine. Napellus, equated with Aconitum napellus Linn., is indigenous to Central Europe (named after the Black sea port Aconis and...

About the Author CP Khare

Khare was born on December 18, 1932, and has been a herbalist for more than fifty years. He was born into a family of herbal physicians. He studied the original Ayurvedic texts and acquired first-hand knowledge of the cultivation and processing of herbs and their usage even before going to college. In 1952, he took up journalism. Since then he has edited and contributed many features on health and personal problems to various journals. He has been Director of India's largest magazine...

English Caraway

Ayurvedic Krishna jiraka, Jiraa, Kaaravi, Asita Jiraka, Kaashmira-jiraka, Prithvikaa, Upakunchikaa, Sugandha Udgaar, Shodhana. Unani Zeeraa Siyaah, Kamoon, Kamoon-roomi. Siddha Tamil Shimai-shembu, Semai Seearagam, Karamjiragam. Action Carminative, antispas-modic, antimicrobial, expectorant, galactagogue, emmenagogue. Key application Seed oil in dyspeptic problems, such as mild, sapstic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, bloating and fullness. (German Commission E, ESCOP, The British...

Hyptis suaveolens Linn Poit

Ayurvedic Tumbaaka (provisional synonym). Folk Gangaa Tulasi, Vilaayati Tulasi, Bhunsari. Action Carminative, antispasmodic, antisoporific, antirheumatic, anticephalalgic, lactagogue. Used in catarrhal and uterine affections, parasitical cutaneous diseases, epistaxis. The plant gave lupeol, lupeol acetate and friedelin, leaves and flowers gave campesterol and fucosterol roots contained beta-sitosterol, oleanolic and alpha-peltoboykinolic acids. The plant gave an essential oil containing...

Costus speciosus Koenig Sm

CNS-depressant, diuretic and hydro-choleretic activities. Saponins show significant anti-inflammatory and an-tiarthritic activity. The seeds also contain saponins and exhibit potent and sustained hypoten-sive and bradycardiac activities in dogs with low toxicity and without any haemolytic activity also weak spasmolytic activity on isolated guinea-pig ileum. All parts of the plant yield steroidal sapogenin, diogenin (quantity varies from 0.32 to 4 ). (Not to be confused with Kushtha of Indian...

English Puneala Plum

Ayurvedic Praachinaamalaka, Paaniyaamalaka. (Taalispatri (Hindi), Taalispatra (Gujarati), Taalisam (Malyalaam), Taalispatramu (Tel-ugu) are confusing synonyms of Paaniyaamalaka.) Unani Taalisfar, Nabaq Hindi, Zarnab. In National Formulary of Unani Medicine, Zarnab, synonym Telispattar, is equated with F. catapracta, also with Cinnamonum tamala Nees. (Zarnab is also equated with Salix aegyptiaca Sprengel and Taalisfar with Rhododendron anthapogon D. Don or R. lipidotum by Unani scholars.)

English Palmyra Palm Brab tree

N. Williams. Ayurvedic Taala, Taada, Trinraj, Mahonnata, Lekhyapatra. Siddha Tamil Panai, Panaimaram. Action Fresh sap diuretic, cooling, antiphlegmatic, laxative, antiinflammatory. Slightly fermented juice is given in diabetes. Palm-jaggery used as an energy food for convalscents. Ash of dry spadix antacid, antibilious (used in heartburn). Young root, terminal buds, leaf-stalks used in gastritis and hiccups. The sap is given as a tonic to asthmatic and...

Internet Resources of Herbal Medicine

AGRICOLA (Agricultural Online Access) Alternative Medicine Connection www.arxc.com Alternative Medicine Home Page, from the University of Pittsburg For WHO Herbal Monographs under Development, see entry for Alternative Medicine Home Page from the University of Pittsburg. Alternative Medicine, University of Texas American Botanical Council http www.herbalgram.org American Herbal Pharmacopoeia http www.herbal-aph.org American Herbalists Guild http www.americanherbalistsguild.com Andrew Weil's...

English Broom Creeper Ink Berry

Ayurvedic Chhilihinta, Paataala-garuda, Mahaamuulaa, Dirghavalli, Jalajamani. Action Root laxative, sudorific, alterative, antirheumatic. Leaf used externally for eczema, prurigo and inpetigo. A decoction of leaves is taken in eczema, leucorrhoea and gonorrhoea. Aqueous extract of stem and root sedative, anticonvulsant, hypotensive, bradycardiac, cardiotonic and sapas-molytic. Roots are used as a substitute for Sarsaparilla in chronic rheumatism gout, and syphilitic cachexia. The stem contains...

Atalantia monophylla

The gastrointestinal tract and bile ducts. (German Commission E, The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.) It is contraindicated in tachycardiac arrhythmias, prostate adenoma, glaucoma, acute oedema of lungs. A. belladonna L. (European sp. Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade) is cultivated in Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. The herb contains tropane (tropine) or solanaceous alkaloids (up to 0.6 ), including hyoscamine and atropine flavonoids coumarins volatile bases (nicotine). Tropane alkaloids inhibit the...

Coleus amboinicus Lour

The leaf extract has shown regulatory influence on calcium oxalate stone formation in experimental rats. In folk medicine, leaves are used internally for expelling kidney stone (the herb is also known as Paashaanbhedi). Homoeopathic medicine, prepared from fresh leaves, is used in the affections of urinary organs, especially in difficult urination or in burning pains during and after urination. The aerial parts from Pakistan yield an essential oil (0.1 ) which contains thymol (79.6 ) whereas in...

English Teri Pods

Action Root astringent and antipyretic, used in phthisis and scrofulous affections. The roots gave a phenolic compound vakerin, identical with bergenin. The ethanol-water extract of roots inhibits the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The pods contain 28 tannin (without seeds, more than 54 ). The bark contains 28 tannin (without seeds, more than 54 ). The tannin is pure gallo-tannin and gallic acid. Dosage Root 3-5 g powder. (CCRAS.)

Divergent Plant Sources of Important Classical Herbs

Leptadenia reticulata (Asclepiadaceae) Marsdenia tenacissima (Asclepiadaceae) Naagakeshara Mesuaferrea (Clusiaceae) Paashaanabheda Bergenia ligulata (Saxifragaceae) Substitute Aerva lanata (Amaranthaceae) Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla (Verbenaceae) Substitute Prunus mahaleb (Rosaceae) Prishniparni Uraria picta (Fabaceae) South India Dysoxylum malabaricum (Meliaceae) South India Premna herbacea (Verbanaceae) Bengal Picrasma quassioides (Simarubaceae) South India Andrographis paniculata...

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India

In 1978, German Federal Health Agency (now called the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices) established an expert committee on herbal remedies (called Commission E). The Commission E is composed of 24 members, including physicians, pharmacists, non-medical practitioners, pharmacologists, toxicolo-gists, biostatisticians, and representatives of the pharmaceutical industry. Fifty percent are experts from clinical therapeutic field. There are 13 full university professors on the...

ISBN 9780387706375 Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

2007 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. All rights reserved. This work may not be translated or copied in whole or in part without the written permission of the publisher (Springer Science+Business Media, LLC., 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013, USA), except for brief excerpts in connection with reviews or scholarly analysis. Use in connection with any form of information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known...

Abbreviations

ACE Angiotensin converting enzyme ACTH Andrenocorticotrophic hormone AFI The Ayurvedic Formulary of India Revised English Edition API The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part I, Volume 1 1989, Volume II 1999, III 2001, IV 2004. Aq. Aqueous British Herbal Ed. Bradley PR., published by British Herbal Medicine British Herbal Published by British Herbal Medicine Association, Pharmacopoeia Exeter, UK., 1996. CCRAS Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha, New Delhi. Standard...

Botanical Names

Acorus gramineus 16 Actaea acuminata 17 Actaea spicata 17 Actea alba 147 Actea pachypoda 147 Actea rubra 147 Actiniopteris australis 17 Actiniopteris dichotoma 17 Actiniopteris radiata 17 Actinodaphne angustifolia 17 Actinodaphne hookeri 17 Actinopteris dichotoma 234 Adansonia digitata 18 Adelia neriifolia 314 Adenanthera pavonina 18 Adenema hyssopifolium 239 Adhatoda beddomei 19 Adhatoda vasica 18, 19, 478 Adhatoda zeylanica 18 Adiantum aethiopicum 19 Adiantum capillus-veneris 19, 20 Adiantum...

Crude Herb Identification Guide

Bergenia Ligulata Root Identification

Abutilon indicum root PLIM Acacia catechu dried wood Dabur Abutilon indicum root PLIM Acacia catechu dried wood Dabur Acacia concinna dried pods Dabur Aconitum ferox dried rhizome Dabur Aconitum heterophyllum dried rhizome Dabur Adhatoda vasica dried leaf Hamdard Aconitum heterophyllum dried rhizome Dabur Adhatoda vasica dried leaf Hamdard Acorus calamus dried rhizome Himalaya Aegle marmelos dried pulp Himalaya Aloe barbadensis dried herb Himalaya Althaea officinalis flower Hamdard Althaea...

Standardized Extracts of Indian Herbs used in India

Powder Paste Alkaloids 0.15 , Tannins 2.4 -4 Powder Glycosides 15 , Alkaloids 1 Powder Paste Tannins 5 , Mucilage 10 -15 Powder Paste Alliin 1.5 -2.5 by HPLC Powder Paste Gel Gum Aloin 1.5 3 1 , Polysaccharides 50 200 1 Powder Paste Shagaol gt 4 by HPLC Powder Paste Andrographolides gt 10 Powder Paste Bacosides 15 -50 , Alkaloids 5 Powder Paste Boswellic acids gt 50 Powder Paste Polyphenols gt 45 by HPLC Powder Paste Asiaticosides gt 10 , Powder Paste Flavones gt 4 , Vol. Oil 1 Powder Acidity...

Trachyspermum ammi

Carum copticum Benth. ex Hiern. Habitat Cultivated in Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar. English Ammi, Lovage, Carum, Ajowan. Ayurvedic Yavaani, Yamaani, Yavaanikaa, Yamaanikaa, Dipyaka. Action Fruits carminative, antispasmodic, anticholerin, an-tidiarrhoeal, bechic, stimulant. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the dried fruits in tympanitis, constipation, colic and helminthiasis. Oil used as an...

Important Herbs of Non Indian Origin used in Unani system of Medicine

Fungus grown on old pine trees in South and Central Europe A. Longa North America A. Indica India Iran, Baluchistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Nepal, Tibet Asia, Southern parts of Russia, Poland Upper Gangetic plains, Dehradun, Bihar plateau, Tropical and sub-tropical parts of India including the Himalayas and Andamans. A. adscendens Western Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh, Kumaon, Chamba Europe and the British Isles, naturalized in parts of North America England, Europe, North Africa, North America...