Helping the sperm to meet the egg

You can try artificial insemination homologue (AIH) (insemination with your partner's sperm) if you have idiopathic infertility or a very minor male factor problem. To make sure that eggs and sperm are given the best possible opportunity to meet and greet (and hopefully get together), the sperm are inseminated into your uterus just before ovulation (which is timed using hCG, as explained in the section 'Timing ovulation'). Your partner needs to supply a sperm sample, of course, which the lab staff prepare, and then the doctor or nurse deposits a small amount of concentrated sperm solution at the top of your vagina or in your uterus. Hopefully, nature then takes care of the rest.

If you have a severe male factor problem and decide to use donor sperm (discussed in Chapter 13), you have the same procedure but it's called artificial insemination donor (AID) or donor insemination (DI).

If you have a severe male factor problem and female-related fertility problems, you need IVF with donor sperm.

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