How To Treat Excessive Sweating Naturally

Sweat Miracle Excessive Sweating Cure

The Sweat Miracle eBook a complete 150 page guide about treating hyperhidrosis naturally. It is designed by Miles Dawson, a top nutrition specialist. The therapy illustrated in the Sweat Miracle eBook was tested by Dawson before he brought the option to different groups of people who have hyperhidrosis. It is a highly practical and holistic approach to treat the problem of hyperthyroidis. Dawson in his Sweat Miracle eBook encourages the use of natural treatments and all the information contained in his program work for all age groups. The instructions are prepared by someone who experienced hyperhidrosis and did research to eliminate the problem.The program is actionable and practical for all people living with hyperhidrosis. It will offer you guidance and set you on the path to eliminate excessive sweating in a simple and clear language. The nature of the eBook or the program's simple approach makes the detailed holistic process easy to comprehend hence allowing sufferers to treat their problem swiftly with no fuss. The product is beginner friendly and doesn't require any level of technical skills to understand due to its simplicity. Continue reading...

Sweat Miracle Excessive Sweating Cure Summary

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Sweating sickness English

Sweating sickness, English A contagious disease that appeared in the 15th century that struck and killed victims quickly and violently. It is believed to have been introduced into England by French soldiers recruited by King Henry VII for his army in 1485. Subsequent outbreaks occurred in 1507, 1516, 1529, and 1551. Unlike most other epidemics of infectious diseases, its appearance was relatively brief, and it permanently disappeared in 1551. Unlike other infectious epidemics of the 14th and 15th centuries, which tended to strike the poor, the English sweating sickness struck the wealthy with equal vengeance. The most famous victim of the sweat was Cardinal Thomas Wolsey of England, who came down with the disease tihree times in 1517, but survived each time. Also infected were the aldermen and two lord mayors of London, both of whom died within a week during the epidemic of 1485. During this first epidemic, the royal court issued a decree forbidding anyone from appearing at court...

Sweating Dysfunction

Hyperhidrosis is a problem in some patients with PD, and when severe, this symptom can be severely disabling. Little is known about the problem due to a paucity of careful studies. A small study (71) demonstrated that PD patients generate more sweat when exposed to heat than control patients and that excessive sweating increases with disease severity. Swinn et al. (72) recruited 77 consecutive PD patients and 40 controls for a study of sweating. The authors designed their own questionnaire to evaluate sweating, which consisted of 41 questions. PD patients were much more likely than controls to report excess sweating, particularly episodes of whole body, drenching sweats (44 of PD patients vs. 10 of controls). Hypohidrosis was also reported, but the frequency in PD patients was not significantly different from controls. PD patients tended to experience sweating episodes when they were off or on with dyskine-sia and 70 of patients who had dyskinesia reported excessive sweating. Sweating...

Fightor Flight Response

Alcohol lowers levels of serotonin in the brain, and many alcoholics have dreamless sleep, devoid of rapid eye movement activity. When alcoholics withdraw from alcohol, many experience delirium tremens (DTs), manifest by shaking, sweating profusely, anxiety, and hallucinations. Alcohol depletes the brain of serotonin, the levels of which may rise to higher than normal levels with the withdrawal of alcohol. Excessive production of serotonin is thought to cause the hallucinations, which characterize DTs.

Tolerance Dependence And Abuse

Like tolerance, dependence on ethanol can develop after only a few weeks of consistent intake. The degree of dependence can be assessed only by measuring the severity of the withdrawal signs and symptoms observed when ethanol intake is terminated. Victor and Adams (1953) provided perhaps one of the best descriptions of the clinical aspects of ethanol dependence. Patients typically arrive at the hospital with the ''shakes,'' sometimes so severe that they cannot perform simple tasks by themselves. During the next twenty-four hours of their stay in the hospital, an alcoholic might experience hallucinations, which typically are not too distressing. Convulsions, however, which resemble those in people with epilepsy, may occur in susceptible individuals about a day after the last drink. Convulsions usually occur only in those who have been drinking extremely large amounts of ethanol. If the convulsions are severe, the individual may die. Many somatic effects, such as nausea, vomiting,...

Mechanoreceptors and nociceptors

Trigger nociceptors at some level of exposure include hot spices (e.g. capsaicin in peppers), ethanol, acetic acid (in vinegar),carbon dioxide (in carbonated beverages), and menthol (in cough drops), Even salt at high concentration 11 mol l) activates these nociceptors and elicits an irritant sensation distinct from its salty taste. Activation of nociceptors elicits a burning sensation, in extreme instances pain may be felt. Independent of higher central nervous function, nociception also tends to trigger autonomous responses, such as sweating, salivation, and lacrimation.

The basics of emotion physiology

Think of the last time that you were angry or afraid, or anxious, or felt a pang of guilt or a twinge of jealousy. The stirred-up feelings that you begin to experience are the beginnings of physiological arousal. Arousal is integral to emotion. As we experience an emotion, particularly if it is strong, then we can feel the changes to our breathing, sweating, pulse rate, muscle tone, and so on. We might feel 'butterflies in our stomach', 'our heart lurching into our mouth', 'steam coming out of our ears', and so on. Even the smallest emotional reaction has an attendant physiological arousal.

Juniperus chinensis L Cupressaceae Chinese Juniper

Traditional Medicinal Uses The leaves are used as a tonic to treat bleeding resulting from coughs. 12 It is also used for cold and haemorrhage. Liquor brewed from fresh leaves is used as a tonic and to treat hemoptysis. Others include treatment for convulsions, excessive sweating and hepatitis. 3 Its roots are used on burns, scalds and to promote hair growth on scars. 3

Mouth throat conditions

Treated by Merc. sol. include a bitter taste in the mouth, halitosis, swollen glands, fever (see below), and a yellow-coated tongue that may bear tooth marks. Symptoms better For rest for moderate temperatures for applying warm compresses. Symptoms worse For extreme heat or cold for sweating for hot or cold foods and drinks.

Exerciseassociated Muscle Cramps

It was believed that muscle cramps were caused by disturbances in fluid and electrolyte balance, particularly sodium balance, in association with high rates of sweating, as is the case with heat cramps. This may be true for some exercise-associated muscle cramps, and more recent research suggests that these cramps result from sustained a-motor neuron activity, which is caused by aberrant control at the spinal level.10 Muscle fatigue appears to cause this lack of control through an effect on both Golgi tendon spindles and muscle spindles. Muscle spindle activity increases and tendon organ activity decreases.

Tolerance Dependence And Addiction

Physical dependence is a characteristic of opioid use because of the mode of action. It reflects a state of neurological adaptation to the drug. With physical dependency, discontinuation of opioid use leads to withdrawal symptoms (e.g. sweating, tearing, rapid heart rate, nasal discharge, abdominal cramps, nausea, and vomiting). To prevent withdrawal symptoms, patients on long term opioid use are gradually weaned off the medication. Physical dependence on opioids does not lead to addiction, although it may compel the patient to seek opioids to relieve symptoms of withdrawal.

Predisposing Factors for Heat Illness

Certain segments of the population are at greater risk for dehydration and subsequent heat illness than others (Table 5). The predisposing factors for dehydration and heat illness in these populations are obesity (extra exertion, heat production, and sweating are required to move a larger mass), insufficient heat acclimation (associated with reduced sweating and evaporative cooling and increased cardiovascular and renal stress), socioeconomic barriers to cooling methods (fans, air conditioners, etc.), pyrexial illness (fever), drug and alcohol abuse (interferes with fluid balance and thermoregulation), physical work in environments that contribute to dehydration (heat sweating cold respiratory water loss and diuresis altitude respiratory water loss and diuresis), and athletic competition and training (if athletes do not replace sweat loss). Even athletes who make a conscious attempt to drink during exercise only ingest approximately 300-500 ml fluid per hour fluid loss through...

Alcohol Tolerance And Withdrawal

Following heavy drinking, many alcoholics experience a tremulous-hyperexcitable withdrawal syndrome, which is characterized by postural tremor, agitation, confusion, and ataxia. Generalized seizures can also appear in withdrawal, typically 10 to 48 hours after cessation of drinking. It has been hypothesized that long-term alcohol use may establish an epileptogenic state of the brain that becomes manifest upon alcohol withdrawal. For this reason, it has become common practice in many treatment facilities to guard against withdrawal seizures in patients with known susceptibility by giving prophylactic anticonvulsants or tranquilizers. Long-term treatment is usually not indicated because the withdrawal syndrome is self-limiting. In some patients, the acute withdrawal syndrome can progress to DELIRIUM TREMENS (DTs). This more severe form of withdrawal is characterized by delirium, HALLUCINATIONS, and a hyperautonomic state manifested by sweating and tachycardia. DTs are associated with...

Delirium Tremens Dts This

Clinical signs and symptoms are the same ones that are characteristic of a delirium and include disorientation, fluctuating levels of consciousness, vivid hallucinations, delusions, agitation, fever, elevated blood pressure, rapid pulse, sweating, and tremor. The delirium may at times be preceded by a withdrawal seizure. Close monitoring and medical treatment in a hospital setting are required.

Daily Regulation of Body Water

Environmental conditions will affect the basal water requirement by altering the losses that occur by the various routes (i.e., respiration, sweat, and urine). Water requirements for sedentary individuals living in the heat may be two or threefold higher than the requirement when living in a temperate climate, even when not accompanied by pronounced sweating. Transcutaneous and respiratory losses will be markedly influenced by the humidity of the ambient air, and this may be a more important factor than the ambient temperature. Respiratory water losses are incurred because of the humidification of the inspired air with fluid from the lungs. These losses are relatively small in the resting individual in a warm, moist environment

Emotion and the Animal Brain

CS information coming from either the auditory THALAMUS or the cortex arrives in the lateral nucleus of the amygdala and is then distributed to the central nucleus by way of internal amygdala connections that have been elucidated in some detail (Pitkanen et al. 1997). The central nucleus, in turn, is involved in the control of the expression of conditioned responses through its projections to a variety of areas in the brainstem. These behavioral (e.g., freezing, escape, fighting back), autonomic (e.g. blood pressure, heart rate, sweating), and hormonal (adrenaline and cortisol released from the adrenal gland) responses mediated by the central nucleus are involuntary and occur more or less automatically in the presence of danger (though they are modulated somewhat by the situation).

Maintaining Fluid Balance

Fluid balance, like energy balance, is determined by the ratio of fluid losses to fluid intakes. With dehydration, water loss exceeds intake and fluid balance becomes negative. The average person loses 1,000 ml to 2,300 ml (1.0 to 2.4 quarts) of water per day. This water is lost in the urine, in stools, in sweat, and through breathing. When activity levels are low, most fluids are lost through the urine. When activity levels are high or the temperature is high, most of the fluid is lost through sweat. In fact, up to 2,000 ml (2.1 quarts) per hour can be lost through sweating, depending on the temperature. To maintain fluid balance you must consume enough fluids each day from

Chemicals Increasing Arousal

An additional complication in these studies is that the meaning of drug effects is often unclear. All these drugs were used in Schachterian experiments because they produce peripheral changes that mimic autonomic arousal, but they may also have effects in the central nervous system. For example, there is little dispute that caffeine in substantial doses causes peripheral arousal symptoms, such as increased heart rate, sweating, and flushing, and it also produces anxiety feelings (Newman, Stein, Tretlau, Coppola, & Uhde, 1992). The question is whether the anxiety is mediated by the peripheral symptoms or whether the two are produced in parallel, with the caffeine causing the anxiety directly by its effects in the brain. (In the case of epinephrine, this explanation is less probable, because peripheral epineph-rine is not thought to cross the blood-brain barrier, and epinephrine is metabolized very rapidly, so that the effects probably all occur peripherally.)

Assessment And Management Of Neonatal Opioid Abstinence

With proper management, the neonate's prognosis for recovery from the acute phase of withdrawal is good. If symptoms of withdrawal appear, simple nonspecific measures should be instituted, such as gentle, infrequent handling, swaddling, and demand feeding. Careful attention to fluid-electrolyte balance and calorie support is essential in opioid-exposed infants undergoing withdrawal, since they display uncoordinated sucking, feed poorly, often develop vomiting and diarrhea, and have increased water losses due to rapid respirations and sweating.

Organophosphorus compounds

Acute effects of sublethal doses of organopho-sphates in man include sweating, salivation, abdominal cramps, vomiting, muscular weakness, and breathing difficulties. Concern has also been expressed about long-term effects following acute exposure. Research suggests that some victims may show reductions in some neurobehavioral tests when tested some months after exposure. There are also concerns that people who do not appear to have suffered acute poisoning have subsequently developed debilitating illnesses. Symptoms include extreme exhaustion, mood changes, memory loss, depression, and severe muscle weakness.

Hypertension See high blood pressure

Hypoglycemia A condition of low levels of sugar in the blood that causes muscle weakness, uncoor-dination, mental confusion, and sweating. Hypo-glycemia is a very serious condition that must be treated immediately. If untreated, it can progress to a coma. Hypoglycemia can occur in any infant or child who takes insulin injections for diabetes, or in people with type 2 diabetes taking certain medications. Almost every child who takes insulin will have low blood sugar at one time or another.

Mood Disorders Depression Anxiety Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Anxiety is a symptom that may include physical or psychological feelings of distress and worry, changes in heart rate, skin temperature, and myriad other features. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder that presents as excessive, uncontrollable, and often irrational worry about everyday problems for at least six consecutive months. This worry limits people's ability to work, go to school, and function in the community. People with GAD are more symptomatic than people with anxiety as a symptom. They may anticipate disasters, exhibit catastrophic thinking, have fatigue, fidgeting, headaches, muscle aches, trembling, sweating, and insomnia.

Emotional or Internalizing Disorders

Anxiety disorders in children are most likely to fall into the DSM-IV diagnostic categories of generalized anxiety disorder, simple phobia, separation anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or posttraumatic stress disorder. Children diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder have a consistent pattern, lasting six months or more, of uncontrollable and excessive anxiety or worry, with the concerns covering a broad range of events or activities. In addition to worry, symptoms include irritability, restlessness, fatigue, difficulty in concentrating, muscle tension, and sleep disturbances. Deborah Beidel found that this disorder commonly begins at around age ten, is persistent, frequently co-occurs with depression, and is often accompanied by a number of physical symptoms such as sweating, suffering from chills, feeling faint, and having a racing pulse.

Applications To Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

Studies have been completed on the biochemical and physiological activities of longan seed. The longan seed, a traditional folklore medicine, is administered to counteract heavy sweating, and the pulverized kernel serves as a styptic. It has also been reported to have antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic (Bravo, 1998), antiglycated (Yang etal., 2009c), and anticancer activities (Prasad et al., 2009a). High amounts of bioactive compounds, such as phenolic acids, flavonoids, hydrolyzable tannins, and polysaccharides, have been found in longan seed.

The Cognitiveexperiential Domain

Magine you are traveling to visit a friend in a city to which you've never been before. You've taken a train to this city and are walking to your friend's apartment from the station. The train was late, so it is dark as you begin to make your way in the unfamiliar neighborhood. Your directions seem a little vague, and after 20 minutes of walking you are beginning to think they are incorrect. It is late and there are not many people on the street. You are certain that the directions are wrong, and now you just need to find a phone to call your friend. You decide to take a shortcut through an alley and head back to the train station. The alley is dark, but short, and it will get you back to the train station faster , so you start down the alley. You are alert, a bit on edge, as you are really out of your element. You look over your shoulder and notice that someone has followed you down the alley. Your heart is pounding. You turn and look ahead, and you see that someone has entered the...

Defining anxiety disorders

Some individuals (about 6 million adults in the United States, according to the NIMH), including some patients with FMS, suffer from chronic-panic disorder, characterized by panic attacks with a racing heart and a feeling of impending doom. They may experience profuse sweating and think they're having a heart attack, increasing their anxiety further.

Minimal brain dysfunction

Since increased exertion leads to sweating, which greatly worsens miliaria, patients should limit activity (especially in hot weather) until the miliaria is cured. Patients with miliaria profunda are at particularly high risk for heat exhaustion during exertion in hot weather, since they have trouble dissipating heat via evaporation of sweat.

Background Information

A distinction is made between physical activity1 and exercise 2 the latter is considered more vigorous and leads to improvements in physical fitness.3 In qualitative terms, exercise can be defined as activity sufficiently vigorous to raise breathing to a level where conversation is labored and sweating is noticeable on temperate days. As indicated in Table 5-10, cross-sectional data indicated that the average physical activity level (PAL) among adults participating in the doubly labeled water (DLW) studies included in the DLW Database (Appendix I) was about 1.7, reflecting physical activity habits equivalent to walking 5 to 7 miles day at 3 to 4 mph, in addition to the activities required by a sedentary lifestyle. Also regular physical activity may improve mood by reducing depression and anxiety, thereby enhancing the quality of life. The beneficial outcomes of regular physical activity and exercise appear to pertain to persons of all ages, and both women and men of diverse ethnic...

Physiological Clinical and Nutritional Importance of Sodium

The nutritional requirement is a reflection of obligatory losses (maintenance) and the needs of growth, pregnancy, and lactation. Abnormal losses owing to disease, or in animals such as humans and horses which sweat extensively, raise the requirement. The impact of equine sweating is different from that in humans. Human sweat always contains sodium at concentrations well below plasma levels (and when aldosterone secretion is raised, levels of sweat sodium fall very low) horse sweat is hypertonic but this helps to offset the osmotic effect of the increased respiratory water loss during exertion, i.e.,

Pharmacological Treatment Approaches

The most common and first-line treatment approach is to try to get the addict to stop using heroin by detoxification. Detoxification refers to using medications to treat withdrawal symptoms. The heroin withdrawal symptoms are similar to the symptoms of a severe flu. Although these withdrawal symptoms are rarely medically dangerous for those in good health, they are extremely uncomfortable, and, in many addicts, they make the alternative, using heroin, more attractive than detoxification. Severe withdrawal is associated with signs of sympathetic nervous system arousal as well as increased pulse, blood pressure, and body temperature. Addicts experience sweating, hair standing on their arms (i.e., gooseflesh hence the expression ''cold turkey''), muscle twitches (from which the expression ''kicking the habit'' comes), diarrhea, vomiting, insomnia, runny nose, hot and cold flashes, and muscle aches. A host of psychological symptoms accompany the withdrawal distress. After addicts have...

Feelings Are Knowledge

If feelings follow behavior, they cannot be the causes of behavior, since causes must precede their effects. If so, what are feelings The answer seems to be that they are information about that behavior (Laird, 1989 Schwarz, 1990). When we feel angry, it is a way of knowing that we are scowling, that we are preparing to attack, that our fists are clenched, that our hearts are pounding, and our palms sweating, as our body prepares itself for attack. When we feel attracted to a political candidate, it is our way of knowing that our actions are leading us toward supporting the candidate. When we experience familiarity or tip of the tongue feelings, it is our way of knowing that we are processing the stimuli fluently and easily, as if we had practiced in the past.

Prevention of Syncope

Der points on each side of the lumbar area for 25 minutes. The patient experienced no discomfort. Just after the needles were removed, the patient complained of chest congestion and laid down. His face became pale, and sweat appeared on his forehead. The pulse was weak and thready, and heartbeat and respiration stopped. Sweating became profuse, and the patient's lips and nails turned blue. Epinephrine (Adrenalin) (1 1000), 1 mL, was injected, and heart massage was administered. After 3 minutes, the patient regained consciousness and vomited, and heartbeat and respiration returned to normal. An intravenous injection of hypertonic glucose, 40 mL, and an intravenous infusion of saline, 500 mL for 2 hours, were administered. The patient felt completely recovered afterward.

Crinum asiaticum L Amaryllidaceae Crinum Lily Spider Lily Bawang Tanah

Dolichos Leaf With Stipules

Bacterial infection and possesses fever-reducing and stomachic properties. 5 In many Asian countries, leaves in water provide a bath to reduce swelling, to remove body odour, improve blood circulation, treat cuts, wounds, bladder problems and leprosy. 9 Its oil is used as an insect repellent, for aerosols, deodorants, floor polishes and household detergents. 4,5 The oil is carminative for cholera, and is prescribed for dyspepsia, vomiting, fever, and headache, 10 and used externally to treat eczema. 5 Its roots are taken to induce sweating, increase flow of urine, 9 treat coryza and influenzal

PCP Angel Dust Peace Pill Hog Animal Tranquilizer THC Cannabinol

PCP comes as both pills and a powder. The powdered form, called angel dust, can be sprinkled in joints made of marijuana or inactive herbs such as parsley, mint, and oregano or it can be dissolved in an organic solvent and sprayed on these materials. When the solvent evaporates, it leaves an even residue of the drug. Such joints are called dusters. Some people snort angel dust, and very few inject it. By any route PCP produces distinctive effects. It causes decreased sensitivity to pain and a peculiar rubbery feeling in the legs with impaired coordination. It may also cause dizziness and nausea, flushing, sweating, and abnormal movements of the eyes.

Plantago major L Plantaginaceae Common Plantain Whitemans Foot Daun Sejumbok

Traditional Medicinal Uses The Greeks and Romans used it as an astringent, to heal wounds, asthma, fever and eye disorders. 5 In Brazil, it has been used to treat skin ulceration (cutaneous leishmaniasis) caused by Leishmania braziliensis. 6 P. major has been used in Turkey in the treatment of ulcers by taking the powdered dried leaves together with honey daily before breakfast. 7 Infusion of the leaf has been taken for diarrhoea, ulcers, bloody urine, digestive disorders, and excess mucous discharge. The American Indian groups make use of a poultice of the leaves for pain, swelling, cuts, wounds, sores, infections, blisters, insect bites, snakebites and haemorrhoids. 5 Its seeds are used to induce sweating, increase flow of urine, treat diarrhoea, dysentery, rheumatism, malaria, asthma, kidney problems, bladder diseases, gonorrhoea and piles. 3 Its roots are used to treat fever, respiratory infections and constipation. 5 The Commision E approved the internal use of plantain for...

Phyllanthus amarus Schum Thonn

Phyllanthus Amarus

Traditional Medicinal Uses The aerial part of the plant is used for various conditions. In Chinese medicine, the plant is made into a tea to cure kidney problems, venereal diseases, stones in the kidneys and bladder. The Malays use it to increase menstrual flow, reduce fever and cure colic. It is used by the Indians as a fish poison. 5 Indians also use the plant as liver tonic to treat liver ailments, ascites, j aundice, diarrhoea, dysentery, intermittent fever, conditions of the urogenital tract, eye disease, scabies, ulcers and wounds. 12 In Vietnam, it is used to induce sweating, and increase menstrual flow. It is also prescribed for toothache, muscle spasms and gonorrhoea. It is considered a diuretic, colic remedy and abortifacient in Southeast Asia. 5 It is also commonly used in Benin, Africa, as folk medicine against malaria. 13

Promotion Of Remineralization And Reversal Of The Demineralization Process

Sjogren Wound

Increasing the amount of saliva in the mouth may be achieved in those individuals who have functioning salivary glands by means of the use of sugar-free hard candies or lozenges (Salive), sugar-free chewing gum, or by the use of a muscarinic agonist. A xylitol- containing gum or candy may have additional clinical benefit (Xylichew, Spry, TheraGum,). Pilocarpine tablets, Cevimeline capsules, or Bethanachol may be prescribed to increase saliva production. These medications are contraindicated in those who are pregnant or have a history of uncontrolled asthma, gastrointestinal ulcer, acute iritis or narrow angle glaucoma, and they may not be suitable for those who have unstable cardiovascular disease. Some individuals decide to discontinue the prescribed muscarinic agonist because of intolerable adverse effects, including sweating. In these cases, it is possible to titrate the medication (ie, pilocarpine, by cutting the 5 mg or 7.5 mg pill to a final dose of 2.5 to 3.75 mg three times...

Skin teeth nail bone conditions

Persistent acne, and copious, smelly sweating. Backaches are common brittle, poor-quality bones are slow to mend if broken and there may be curvature of the spine. Symptoms better In summer for lying down for being well wrapped up. Symptoms worse For cold and damp when menstruating for pressure on the painful area.

Jugular foramen syndrome

Primary lesions of the jugular foramen include glomus jugulare tumors, schwannomas, and meningiomas. Metastatic lesions to the jugular foramen are more common than primary neoplasms (36,38-42). Glomus jugulare tumors are the most common primary neoplasms of the jugular foramen. These are vascular tumors arising from neuroectodermally derived paraganglia present at the jugular fossa, the inferior tympanic canaliculus, the promontory, and within the vagus nerve. Paraganglia are very similar histologically and embryologically to the adrenal medulla. They, along with their derivative glomus tumors (jugulare and tympanicum), are typically supplied by the inferior tympanic branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery (43) however, the blood supply to glomus tumors may be very extensive, originating from the external carotid, the internal carotid, and the vertebral arteries (44). These tumors are more common in females (6 1 female-to-male ratio) and usually present in middle age. Functional...

The Reason Why No Supplement Could Ever Have Drug Like or Steroid Like Effects

Here's an example A supplement called Triax was released a few years ago. Man, did this stuff ever work It worked a little bit too well People were shedding pounds and sweating bullets on this product. Made the FDA go hmmmmm. So the FDA scrutinized it closely, and it turns out that Triax contains Tiratricol, which is really not a supplement at all but actually a thyroid drug Triax immediately got yanked.

Kathleen K Bucholz Revised by Rebecca J Frey

ANXIETY Anxiety refers to an unpleasant emotional state, a response to anticipated threat or to specific psychiatric disorders. In anxiety, the anticipated threat is often imagined. Anxiety consists of physiological and psychological features. The physiological symptoms can include breathing difficulties (hyperventilation, shortness of breath), palpitations, sweating, light-headedness, diarrhea, trembling, frequent urination, and numbness and tingling sensations. The anxious person is usually hypervigilant and startles easily. The subjective psychological experience of anxiety is characterized

Melaleuca cajuputi Roxb Myrtaceae Gelam Paperbark Tree Kayu Puteh

Melaleuca Cajuputi

Traditional Medicinal Uses In Malaysia, it is used for the treatment of colic and cholera. It is also used externally for thrush, vaginal infection, acne, athlete's foot, verruca, warts, insect bites, cold sore and nits. 5 Cajuput oil is distilled from the leaves and used by the Burmese to treat gout. The Indochinese uses cajeput oil for rheumatism and pain in the joints and as an analgesic. 2 The oil is used externally in Indonesia for burns, colic, cramps, earache, headache, skin diseases, toothache and wounds. When administered internally, it can induce sweating and act as a stimulant and antispasmodic. In the Philippines, the leaves are used to treat asthma. 26

Physiological Functions of Water

The evaporative dissipation of heat through sweating is a two-phase, water-dependent mechanism. Water is removed from capillary blood perfusing sweat glands to produce a thin layer of sweat over the surface of the skin. Simultaneously, the water component of blood carries heat produced from cellular metabolic processes to capillary beds located near the surface of the skin. Heat is transferred by conduction to the skin surface, where it vaporizes sweat coating the skin, thus transferring body heat to the external environment. The heat of vaporization of water is 586 kcal l (2453 kJ l) at 20 C. Approximately 500 ml of sweat is lost per day under average ambient environmental conditions. Such obligatory water loss occurs without visible or tactile sensations and is termed 'insensible' sweat. However, given a sufficient thermal challenge, humans are capable of producing approximately 101 of 'sensible' sweat per day. Theoretically, if the entire 10 l of sweat was evaporated, more than...

James F Maddux David P Desmond

The medical use of opium grew more widespread in eighteenth-century England for example, the relief of pain at the time of death was seen as an important adjunct to preparing the patient for death in a blessed state of peace. England was an important commercial power in this period, and new kinds of goods from distant parts of the world became increasingly plentiful. Opium was a valuable commodity, and, as such, it was handled commercially like any other. Individuals seeking to treat themselves for aches or ailments, or wanting to relieve drudgery or sleeplessness or persistent coughs, could buy pellets of opium from various merchants, innkeepers, or apothecaries. This pattern persisted through most of the nineteenth century, although by the late eighteenth century a particular effect of chronic opium consumption was described If a habitual user stopped taking the drug, a clearly recognizable syndrome of symptoms ensued. These included runny nose, tearing, sweating, aches, muscle...

Neuroglycopenic Syndromes

This syndrome comprises a collection of vague symptoms such as feelings of alternating hot and cold, feeling unwell, anxiety, panic, inner trembling, unnatural feelings, blurring of vision, and palpitations, any or all of which may be accompanied by objective signs of facial flushing, sweating, tachycardia, and unsteadiness of gait. There is no particular order in which these features occur, nor are they constant. Nevertheless, patients on insulin therapy for diabetes, in whom they are common, rely upon them to warn of more severe neuroglycopenic impairment culminating in loss of consciousness. These patients can be taught to abort progression of symptoms by eating carbohydrate.

Different types of hair growth

Their function is to regulate body temperature and help eliminate waste products. Their active secretion sweat is under the control of the sympathetic nervous system. Heat-induced sweating tends to begin on the forehead and then spreads to the rest of the body. Emotionally induced sweating, stimulated by fright, embarrassment or anxiety, begins on the palms of the hands and in the axilla and then spreads to the rest of the body.

Perpetuation Of Drug Abuse Euphoria And Withdrawal

The symptoms of withdrawal are fairly specific for each drug and include physiological effects and psychological effects. For example, alcohol withdrawal can be associated with shaking or headaches, and opiate withdrawal with anxiety, sweating, and increases in blood pressure, among other effects. Withdrawal from cocaine may cause depression or sadness, withdrawal from caffeine is associated with headaches, and withdrawal from nicotine often produces irritability. All drug withdrawals are also associated with a strong craving to use more drugs. Much work has been done to document the withdrawal effects from alcohol, opiates, BENZODIAZEPINES, and tobacco however, documentation of withdrawal from cocaine or other stimulant drugs has only recently begun to be examined.

Major Drug Nutrient Interactions of Clinical Relevance

Sweating, tachycardia Hyponatremia, SIADH No effect may take with meals Affects bioavailability, owing to pH Decreased iron absorption Inhibits phosphorus absorption Inhibits vitamin A absorption Causes renal wasting of these nutrients Decreased absorption owing to delayed sweating, tachycardia Delayed absorption Increased area under curve plasma sweating, tachycardia Hyponatremia, SIADH Can increase alcohol effect, flushing, sweating, tachycardia Delays absorption sweating, tachycardia Decreased peak serum concentration but total amount of drug absorbed is not affected Decreased absorption Decreased absorption decreased serum

The Somatic Appraisal Model of Affect

Clarification of the different types is essential to a working model of affect for education. While there is not room here to address the debate between those who argue that all types of affect involve cognition, suffice it to say that for the purposes of this model, cognition in the function of affect is taken to imply that the neocortex is the most influential or evocative appraiser of stimuli. In the cognition versus affect debate, there is overwhelming support that the systems that comprise affect function primarily but not limited to the limbic region, and are distinct and capable of operating without cognitive regions of the brain (e.g. Braeutigm, Bailey & Swithenby, 2001 Damasio, 2003 Davis, Hitchcock & Rosen, 1991 Geary, 1996 Gray, 1999 Izard, 1984 Lang, Davis & Ohman, 2000 Ledoux, 1996 Panksepp, 1994 Zajonc, 1980 Zajonc, Pietromonaco & Bargh, 1982), especially for primal levels of affect, such as fear. In other words, early appraisal of incoming stimuli need not...

Food Allergy Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis

The symptoms of food allergy vary widely from person to person. Food allergies can also cause a severe clinical reaction known as anaphylaxis, which can result in death. Anaphylaxis may be characterized by throat and lip swelling, shortness of breath, sweating, itching, and feeling very faint.

Four types of myofascial pain and their different pathology

Myofascial trigger points are small, circumscribed, hyperirritable foci in muscles and fascia, often found within a firm or taut band of skeletal muscles.10 Trigger points may also occur in ligaments, tendons, joint capsules, skin and periosteum. They have been described as tender nodes of degenerated tissue that can cause local and radiating or referred pain. The extent of the area of referred pain has been defined as the zone of reference. Please note that referred pain patterns do not correspond to dermatomal, myotomal or scle-rotomal patterns and that the patterns of referred pain from a particular trigger point are not always the same. Myofascial pain symptoms presented by a patient may include pain, muscle weakness, decreased joint motion, and paresthesia, as well as autonomic symptoms like sweating, lacrimation, localized vasoconstriction, and pilomotor activity.

Cardiovascular Diseases

In 1994, the results were published of a large multicentre trial of 2664 subjects with New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes II and III that had studied the effects of oral CoQ10 (predominantly 100 mg day) over 3 months (Baggio et al 1994). The percentages of patients experiencing improvements in clinical signs and symptoms of heart failure were 78 for cyanosis, 79 for oedema, 72 jugular reflux, 53 dyspnoea, 75 palpitations, 80 sweating, 63 subjective arrhythmia, 63 insomnia, 73 vertigo and 54 nocturia. Improvements in at least three symptoms were reported by 54 of subjects.

Can exercise affect my reflux

While exercising, it is important that you replace fluid lost through sweating and perspiration by drinking liquids. Liquids are beneficial in that they help hydrate your body and move digested food through your digestive system. Certain liquids should, however, be avoided during exercise because they may increase reflux. Sodas and citrus juices are acidic and may have carbonation that promotes reflux. Caffeinated beverages relax the LES, facilitating reflux.

Risk Taking and Substance Abuse

Portions of the OMPC are also closely connected with the hypothalamus, which controls the autonomic nervous system and portions of the endocrine system. Bechara et al. (2000) measured changes in skin conductance induced by sweating (galvanic skin responses) while participants played the card game that measures risk-taking behaviors. These investigators found that before normal participants made a decision to perform a high-risk move, their palms sweated, suggesting that the participants activated their autonomic nervous system. In contrast, their patients with OMPC injury, who repeatedly performed high-risk behaviors in this card game, did not develop a robust skin response before they performed a high-risk behavior.

Arriving at Acceptance

Write about your current physical feelings. Is your stomach upset Are you sweating Is your heart pounding Do your shoulders feel tight Describe everything going on in your body in objective terms. 1. Write about your current physical feelings. Is your stomach upset Are you sweating Is your heart pounding Do your shoulders feel tight Describe everything going on in your body in objective terms.

Visceral Pain and Visceral Somatic Reflexes

Healthy visceral organs rarely give rise to conscious sensation. When diseased or inflamed, however, they become a source of overwhelming sensation that can monopolize conscious attention. Both visceral and somatic pain produce emotional responses, but visceral pain produces stronger emotional responses that may seem out of proportion to the perceived intensity of the pain. For example, nausea appears more commonly with visceral pain than with somatic pain. Sweating, dyspnea, and other autonomic responses can be extreme with some types of visceral pain, such as angina. Very extensive inflammation (as in ulcerative colitis) or tissue damage (as in gastric perforation) may produce little or no pain in some individuals, while barely discernible disease may produce intolerable pain in others.

Lubricants used for massage

Oils tend to offer the highest level of lubrication and are suitable for thin skin or hairy areas. Lotions and creams tend to be more nourishing and may have additives that are beneficial for dry skin. Gels and powders may be more suitable for oily skins because powder helps to absorb sebum and sweat, but if sweating is excessive, the powder, sebum and sweat may congeal to form a tacky mess. (If this happens, clean the area and use a more suitable medium.)

China in the early twentieth century

As with the Western literature of the late nineteenth century, there are stages of obesity. For the authors, obesity has three phases. Initially, when the person looks acceptably plump, this indicates prosperity and others admire him then he looks overtly obese and funny and finally, he is in danger and others take pity on him. This final stage of obesity presents with symptoms including sweating, fatigue, backache, heart disease, sexual incompetence, etc. The cure for obesity is a balanced eating and lifestyle Avoid eating things that contain too much fat don't sleep more than eight hours take a warm bath two or three times a week walk two or three hours everyday and be persistent. In terms of medication, one should take either traditional medication such as wodu or, better yet, thyroid tablets. The later are the classical pharmaceutical intervention which certainly can reduce weight by making the individual hyperthyroidic, increasing basal metabolism. This will lead to weight loss...

When should I see my doctor about my GERD symptoms

You should see your doctor about GERD or heartburn before waiting too long. A burning chest discomfort may be GERD or it could be something else such as a heart problem. Angina or heart pain can be difficult to differentiate from GERD. If you are not sure or have any questions, this should prompt a visit to your doctor, especially if the discomfort is associated with shortness of breath, dizziness, sweating, and or arm or jaw pain or if the chest discomfort is associated with exercise. People with risk factors associated with heart disease such as a family history of heart attacks, smokers, those with high blood pressure, and those with high cholesterol are at increased risk for heart disease, and any chest pain warrants a doctor visit.

Medication generictrade Alprazolam Xanax

Patient example Mary is a 31-year-old female who grew up in an abusive home environment. Even though she is safe now as an adult, she has found she sometimes has nightmares that leave her heart racing and body sweating, and she is unable to go back to sleep after awakening around 4 a.m. Alprazolam was prescribed for sleep and anxiety by her psychiatrist. She takes one around 4 a.m. on the nights she awakens from a bad dream. Alprazolam, in concert with cognitive behavioral strategies, allows her to go back to sleep for another two to three hours. With this combination, she is able to remain employed full-time and raise two young children with the help of a supportive husband.

Treating Different Types of Dehydration

In most instances involving heavy sweating, plain water containing 1.25 g of NaCl per liter is a suitable rehydration solution. Increasing the concentration of NaCl to 5 or 6 g per liter may promote the rate of rehydration but may not be palatable for some individuals. Most commercial sports drinks contain 1.2-1.8 g NaCl per liter and are also good rehydration solutions, especially when both fluid and electrolytes have been lost through sweating. Fruit juices can also provide fluid, energy, and electrolytes (e.g., fresh orange juice contains approximately 10 mg of sodium and 2000 mg of potassium per liter) but may be too concentrated and delay gastric emptying. Diluting fruit juices 1 3 with water may yield a more appropriate rehydration solution. The inclusion of carbohydrate in the rehy-dration solution provides energy for the intestinal sodium pump, which facilitates sodium transport across the intestinal cell wall into the blood, where it in turn exerts a positive osmotic effect...

How Caffeine Affects the Body

Some people are more sensitive to the effects of caffeine than others. With frequent use, tolerance to many of the effects of caffeine will develop. At doses of 600 milligrams (about six cups of coffee) or more daily, caffeine can cause nervousness, sweating, tenseness, upset stomach, anxiety, and insomnia. It can also prevent clear thinking and increase the side effects of certain medications. This level of caffeine intake represents a significant health risk.

Treatment for children with CML

The symptoms of JMML are similar to those of the acute leukemias pale skin, fever, headaches, sweating, and recurrent infection. Also usually present are enlarged lymph nodes, enlarged spleen and liver, and a low platelet count. The course of JMML is unpredictable. Once diagnosed, progressive deterioration usually occurs. However, infants can survive for several years, but children older than one usually have rapidly progressive disease.

Alcohol And Other Drugs

Many elderly patients with adult-onset (Type II) diabetes take antidiabetic pills instead of insulin. When alcohol is taken along with pills such as sulfonylureas, it may cause dangerously low levels of blood sugar, especially in patients whose diet calls for decreasing the eating of carbohydrates. Another problem associated with this combination is an Antabuse-like reaction (fortunately quite rare and usually mild), causing nausea, vomiting, headache, blurred vision, and flushing. However, symptoms of severe Antabuse-like reactions include speeding up of the heart to more than one hundred beats a minute, abdominal distress, sweating, episodes of low blood pressure, death of heart muscle, and tearing of the esophagus brought about by vomiting psychosis may also occur, and fatal reactions have been reported. Use of alcohol at the same time with a variety of other drugs (Table 2) can also lead to an Antabuse-like reaction. Cough medicines may contain a narcotic pain-killer such as

Indications Hollyhock

(f DAA) Inflammation (f1 JFM PH2 X2504193) Itch (1 BRU) Jaundice (f WO3) Laryngosis (f JFM) Malaria (f DAA) Miscarriage (f BIB) Ophthalmia (f BIB) Pain (f1 BRU X2504193) Pharyngosis (f1 BRU PH2) Pulmonosis (f GMH PH2) Respirosis (f JFM PH2) Rheumatism (f BIB) Scirrhus (f JLH) Snakebite (f DEP) Sore (f DAA DEP PH2) Sore Throat (f BIB JFM) Stomatosis (f1 BRU PH2) Strangury (f JFM) Sweating (f BIB) Swelling (f1 EGG X2504193) Tenesmus (f DEP) Thirst (f PH2) Tumor (f JLH) Urethrosis (f JLH PH2) Vaginosis (f EGG). Lebanese take tea of dried plants and or flowers for colds, cramps, sweating, and sore throat (BIB).

Limitations of gastrointestinal symptoms

One exception is perhaps biliary colic. This typically occurs in attacks with long periods of freedom from pain, which when it comes is located in the right upper quadrant and radiates to the tip of the shoulder. When pain comes on in the late evening, lasts over two hours, and is associated with sweating and vomiting then biliary colic is likely.

How do I know whether my heart is causing the chest pain

Heart-derived chest pain, or heart attacks usually occur after the heart has been stressed. It can occur after periods of exertion, for example, after running, walking long distances, swimming, or shoveling snow. The pain is usually associated with nausea, profuse sweating, and maybe even a feeling of lightheadedness. This type of pain can travel to the arm or jaw and may cause numbness or tingling. Angina may decrease after a period of rest, but it is usually not responsive to other remedies such as antacids.

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America A

Athlete's foot A common fungal condition causing the skin between the toes (usually the fourth and fifth toes) to itch, peel, and crack with diffuse scaling and redness of the soles and sides of the foot. Associated with wearing shoes and sweating, the condition is rare in young children and in places of the world where people do not wear shoes. It is primarily found in adolescent and older men, especially boys who wear sneakers without

Dehydration and Heat Illness

If water loss due to sweating is not replaced during exercise, plasma volume and sweat rate will be decreased (Figure 2). The combination of reduced peripheral blood flow for heat exchange and reduced sweat volume for evaporative cooling leads to an overall reduction in the ability to dissipate heat. 41 or 42 C. Core temperatures higher than 39.5 C reduce the function of motor centers in the brain and subsequently the ability to recruit motor units required for muscular activity. Extertional heat stroke is characterized by cessation of sweating, hot and dry skin, physical deterioration, confusion, collapse, and seizure. Rhabdomyolysis (muscle fiber destruction) may result from exertional heat stroke. In one reported case, an accelerated rhab-domyolysis resulting from exertional heat stroke occurred during an 8-km fun run when the ambient temperature was higher than 37 C. This unfortunate runner collapsed with a rectal temperature of

Traditional Uses

Used within the traditional Chinese herbal medicine system, astragalus is used to invigorate and tonify Qi and the blood, as an adaptogen, for severe blood loss, fatigue, anorexia, organ prolapse, chronic diarrhoea, shortness of breath, sweating and to enhance recuperation (Mills and Bone 2000).

Social Phobia

Social phobia usually emerges in the mid-teens and typically does not affect young children. Children and adolescents with this disorder have a constant fear of social or performance situations, like speaking in class or eating in public. They are always afraid of being embarrassed in these situations. This fear is often accompanied by physical symptoms, such as sweating, blushing, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, or muscle tenseness.

Peripheral sensors

Thirst-inhibiting input Otopharyngeal mechanoreceptors inhibit thirst in anticipation of the effect of drinking, even before the ingested water has reached circulation and had a chance to normalize osmolality (Thompson et at., 1987). Unabated drinking without the input from such a delay circuit would favor abrupt excessive intake in response to acute volume contraction, for instance after sweating during a workout. While the intestines and kidneys can deal with large fluid loads, excessive water intake exacts an avoidable energy cost (for absorption and excretion) and may interfere with the sodium-driven absorption of many nutrients from the small intestine. Similarly, an increased water load may be detected by sodium receptors in the stomach (Strieker and Sved, 2000).

Downsides Garlic

Some thiol-bearing compounds in garlic and onion and their relatives can cause acantholysis in vitro (Brenner et al., 1995) and possibly pemphigus in vivo. More than 5 cloves a day may induce flatulence and heartburn (Castleman, 1996) and 'thin blood' (people taking blood thinners may overthin their blood thereby). Some people are very allergic to garlic. Contraindicated in hyperthyroid (TRA) Commission E reports rare GI disturbances, allergic reactions, and change of odor of skin and breath (Commission E). Allergic reactions of contact dermatosis and severe asthmatic attacks (from inhalation of garlic powder) may occur. Topical application of garlic or garlic oil may cause local irritating effects. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may occur following ingestion of fresh garlic bulbs, extracts, or oil (AEH1). Sulfides may irritate the GI tract or cause dermatosis (CAN). Fresh garlic is reportedly dangerous to children (AHP). Use sparingly with children under 2 years...

Colds catarrh

Symptoms Cold or influenza with fever, sneezing, sweating, and need for warmth. Profuse catarrh may be watery at first, then blood-stained, thick, and yellowish in color, with a smell of old cheese. Contact with cold air triggers sneezing. The nostrils may feel sore and raw. Colds may begin with a tickly throat (see right). There may be sinusitis, with pain in the facial bones and the bridge of the nose. Pain is often right-sided and extends to the ear, notably on swallowing. There may be

Catarrh colds

Symptoms Watery, yellow or greenish catarrh that has a foul, strong odor, with constant sneezing, and a raw, burning sensation in the nose. Chills, aches, fever (see below), and influenza are accompanied by a bitter-tasting mouth, a headache, and a sore throat (see below, left). Pain in the sinuses may extend to the teeth (see below, left) and ears (see below). Symptoms better For rest for moderate temperatures. Symptoms worse For extreme heat or cold for lying on the right side for sweating.

Detecting lies

Over the years, people have been interrogated, tortured, put into ducking stools, and so on. The modern equivalent of this is the lie detector or polygraph. This is based on the idea that someone who is lying is making an attempt to regulate their emotional expression, but that it is difficult to regulate the psychophysiological side of this. So, if there is physiological arousal underlying an otherwise bland exterior, this will show up in measures of heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, sweating, and so on. The general method is to ask people ordinary questions when they are relaxed, in order to establish a baseline. Then, they are asked, 'Did you shoot the vicar with a blow-pipe as he stood in the pulpit delivering his sermon '

Sambucus nigra

Elder blossom is one of the best herbs for encouraging sweating to break a fever, when drunk as a hot tea, as Julie recalls Use 1 heaped teaspoonful of dried flowers per cupful of boiling water. Cover and allow to infuse for 3 to 5 minutes. Strain and drink hot and frequently for the early stages of a cold or fever, to promote sweating. For this, it combines well with equal parts of yarrow and mint. For hayfever, use in combination with nettle leaves. promotes sweating

Vomiting

Vomiting or emesis is the forceful ejection of gastric contents and sometimes duodenal contents, through the mouth. It is a reflex which is usually preceded by a feeling of nausea. Vomiting is usually accompanied by salivation, sweating, pallor, a fall in blood pressure, increased heart rate and irregular breathing. The vomiting reflex is controlled by the vomiting centre in the medulla oblongata and the reflex involves stimulation of the respiratory and abdominal skeletal muscles as well as the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract.

Table 79 continued

Many cancer treatments make the skin more fragile. In this situation you can help to protect your skin by wearing comfortable clothing (generally 100 percent cotton is best) and by avoiding excessive sweating, which may further irritate your skin. It may also be helpful to wrap an irritated area with a gauze pad or bandage.

Precautions

Lubricants may produce an allergic reaction in some clients. These reactions may range from abnormal reddening of the skin, raised wheals or a rash to very serious shock with fatal consequences. Many clients may be allergic to nut oils, in particular arachis oil from peanuts, which can produce anaphylactic shock, which results in rapid pulse, difficulty in breathing, profuse sweating and collapse. Check whether the client suffers from any allergies, during consultation and before massage. The client may not be aware that s he is allergic to a product it is therefore safer to avoid products containing nut oils. Be aware that essential oils have different properties and different effects, some of which may be harmful to your clients, e.g. oil of bergamot should not be used on parts exposed to sunlight as this oil increases skin sensitivity to ultraviolet rays. Knowledge of oils, their safe prescription, their dangers and dilutions is essential if you wish to mix your own. Otherwise buy...

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a dysfunction of the electrical activity in the brain. Seizures may involve loss of consciousness or be of a milder form with symptoms such as momentary loss of awareness, rapid heart beat, sweating, and high blood pressure. The illness is not always, but can be, inherited. Children in a study who had both migraine headaches and epileptic seizures had no seizures or had fewer when foods they were allergic to were eliminated from the diet. The common offenders are cow's milk and cheese, citrus fruits, eggs, wheat, corn, pork, tomatoes, and chocolate.

The Adult

Long-standing large goiter may require surgery to reduce pressure in the neck. Long-standing goiter may also be associated with iodine-induced hyperthyroidism (IIH) due to an increase in iodine intake. IIH is associated with nervousness, sweating, and tremor, with loss of weight due to excessive levels of circulating thyroid hormone. This condition no longer occurs following correction of iodine deficiency and therefore is within the spectrum of IDD.

Nomenclature

Iodine deficiency in the diet Hypothyroidism The result of a lowered level of circulating thyroid hormone causing loss of mental and physical energy Hyperthyroidism The result of excessive circulating thyroid hormone with nervousness, sweating, tremor, with a rapid heart rate and loss of weight ICCIDD International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders-an international non-government organization made up of a network of 700 health professionals from more than 90 countries available to assist IDD elimination programs in affected countries

Acetylcholine

In 1926, Otto Loewi discovered that acetylcholine was the principal neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system. As with other neurotransmitters, acetylcholine is synthesized and stored in vesicles within presynaptic neurons. Ninety percent of the cholinergic neurons in the brain are muscarinic, controlling salivation, sweating, dyspnea, diarrhea, vertigo, confusion, weakness and coma. Acetylcholine binds to muscarinic receptors on smooth muscle cells, innervated by post-synaptic fibers of the parasympathetic nervous system. The thalamus and cerebellar cortex have nicotinic receptors, while most other regions of the brain have muscarinic neurons.

Receptors

Some actions that are clinically useful, such as cough suppression. However, most of their actions are considered unwanted side effects for example, they affect endocrine function, constrict pupils, induce sweating, and cause nausea and vomiting. All mu agonist opioids also induce increasing tolerance and physical dependence in the user.

Mescaline

PEYOTE, or mescal, is the common name of the small spineless cactus Lophophora williamsii, found in the southwestern United States and north-central Mexico. Peyote is used in Native American religious rituals, primarily for its HALLUCINOGENIC effects. At the end of the nineteenth century, Arthur Heffter demonstrated that MESCALINE (3,4,5-tri-methoxyphenethylamine) was responsible for peyote's pharmacological effects. Mescaline is related to the Amphetamines. When ingested, it can produce HALLUCINATIONS, frequently of a visual nature, characterized by vivid colors, designs, and a distorted space perception. It stimulates the auto-nomic nervous system and can cause nausea, vomiting, sweating, tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), pupillary dilation, and anxiety. The use of peyote in Native American ritual, referred to as Peyotism, was documented by Europeans in the sixteenth century. The modern practice of the peyote-based religion began in the late nineteenth century, was widely practiced by...

Sleep terror

Symptoms are fear, sweating, tachycardia, and confusion for several minutes, with amnesia for the event. Demystification of these conditions and reassurance, particularly for parents of pediatric patients, is an important aspect of clinical intervention. Patients rarely remember the events in detail, but if actively probed after 4 years of age, they often report vague memories of having to act run away, escape, or defend themselves against monsters, animals, snakes, spiders, ants, intruders, or other threats. Children may report

Beta Blockers

Beta blockers are used widely in general medicine. In psychiatry, they have a few specific indications (see Table 15-1). Beta blockers likely alter behavior and mood states by altering both central and peripheral catecholamine function. For example, in anxiety, they may diminish central arousal peripherally, they may reduce tachycardia, tremor, sweating, and hyperventilation. Common side effects of beta blockers include bradycardia, hypotension, asthma exacerba-

Disulfiram Antabuse

Disulfiram is used to prevent alcohol ingestion through the fear of the conscqucnccs of ingesting alcohol while taking disulhram (Table 15-1). Disulfiram blocks the oxidation of acetaldehyde, a step in the metabolism of alcohol. The buildup of acetaldehyde produces a toxic reaction, making an individual who ingests alcohol while taking disulfiram severely ill within 5 to 10 minutes. Symptoms include flushing, headache, sweating, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. In more severe reactions, chest

Obesity Epidemic

Obesity is, according to Venner, a disease process. Thomas Lodge in i603 needed to define this new notion of Epidemick for his readership An Epidemick plague, is a common and popular sicknesse, hapning in some region, or country, at a certaine time, caused by a certaine indisposition of the aire, or waters of the same region, producing in all sorts of people, one and the same sicknesse (Lodge 1603 Bijb). Two decades later, Francis Bacon, in his The Historie of the Raigne of King Henry the Seventh (1622) can speak of the sweating-sickness as was conceived not to be an epidemick disease, but to proceed from a malignity in the constitution of the air, gathered by the predispositions of the seasons and the speedy cessation declared as much (Bacon 1963 6 and 33-4). Epidemic quickly takes on metaphoric meaning, as in John Milton's condemnation of an epidemick whor-dom in his 1643 treatise on divorce (Milton 1851 2, 97). This movement between illness and metaphor continues in our...

Sleep Disorders

Parasomnias occur during sleep but are not associated with insomnia or excessive sleepiness. Common parasomnias in children include head banging or rocking (exhibited by about 58 of children) and nightmares (most commonly of being attacked, falling, or dying). Nightmares are not the same as the rarer sleep terrors, a disorder in which a child, although asleep, appears to be awake and terrified. In sleep terrors, the child is screaming and incoherent with a glassy-eyed stare, profuse sweating, and rapid heart rate and respirations. The child is difficult to rouse and calm, and in the morning retains no memory of the episode. Both nightmares and sleep terrors occur during the transition from NREM sleep to REM sleep. They generally resolve with age. Other para-somnias are teeth grinding (bruxism), sleepwalking, and sleep talking. Bed-wetting (enuresis) is also considered a parasomnia if it continues after the age of

Detoxification

When an alcohol-dependent person abruptly stops drinking, physiological symptoms may occur. This cluster of symptoms is termed alcohol withdrawal, and symptoms can range from relatively mild discomfort to life-threatening problems. Mild symptoms include sweating, tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), hypertension, tremors, anorexia, sleeplessness, agitation, and anxiety. More serious consequences involve seizures and, rarely, Delirium Tremens (DTs), characterized by agitation, hyperactivity of the autonomic nervous system, disorientation, confusion, and auditory or visual hallucinations. It has been postulated that as the number of untreated withdrawal episodes increases, the potential for more serious symptoms in subsequent withdrawals may also escalate. This phenomenon is known as kindling (Brown, Anton, Malcolm & Ballenger, 1988).

Cramps

A cramp is an acute pain that occurs when muscles go into spasm as a result of a shortage of oxygen or a build-up of lactic acid. Poor circulation reduces oxygen supply to the muscles, and may occur after prolonged sitting or standing, lying awkwardly, if the arteries narrow suddenly on being chilled, during pregnancy, or because of salt deficiency after vomiting or excessive perspiration. A build-up of lactic acid occurs after strenuous or unaccustomed exercise. SELF-HELP If cramps are worse at night, raise the foot of your bed by about 4 in (10 cm). As cramps come on, stretch the muscles and massage them to increase the blood supply.

Alcoholism

Ance and physiological (Physical) Dependence. Tolerance refers to a decrease in susceptibility to the effects of alcohol following chronic alcohol use, which results in the user consuming increasing amounts of alcohol over time. Physical dependence may be conceptualized as a physiological state in which the recurrent administration of alcohol is required to prevent the onset of withdrawal symptoms. Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal include irritability, tremulousness, anxiety, sweating, chills, fluctuations in pulse and blood pressure, diarrhea, and, in severe cases, seizure. These symptoms generally begin within twenty-four hours following the last use of alcohol, peak within forty-eight hours, and subside over several days. accumulation of acetaldehyde following the consumption of alcohol. Acetaldehyde levels accumulate if patients who are receiving disulfiram ingest alcohol, with the result that the patients may experience symptoms of acetaldehyde toxicity. These include sweating,...

Vhawthorn Crataegus

No systematic review of the risks of hawthorn is currently available. The adverse effects include nausea, dizziness, fatigue, and sweating. Hawthorn contains cardiac glycosides thus it may cause problems when combined with other such drugs, e.g., digitalis. In high doses sedation, hypotension, or arrhythmias can occur. With excessive doses respiratory failure may develop

Fluid Requirements

Renal reabsorption can reduce the volume of water and solute loss and hence slow the rate of progress of a fluid deficit, but it cannot stop its development. Intake of fluid either as food or as drink is required to restore a fluid deficit. Daily fluid intake is highly variable between individuals and the rate of loss is dependent on factors such as environmental temperature, physical activity, sweating rate, antidiuretic function, and dietary solute load. A representative normal daily water turnover in a sedentary individual living in a temperate climate and eating a typical Western diet is approximately 2 or 3l, and a minimum daily fluid intake of approximately 1.71 is necessary to conserve fluid balance. The water content of the typical Western diet approximates to about 1 l and metabolically derived water produces in the order of approximately 300 ml, which together almost offset the daily obligatory water loss. Therefore, in many situations the requirement for fluid intake can...

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia, or abnormally low blood sugar, is caused by the impaired response (or failure) of the liver to release glucose as blood sugar levels decrease. The imbalance in the rate of glucose released from the liver and its use by other body tissues can result in the following hypoglycemic symptoms hunger, nervousness, dizziness, confusion, sleepiness, difficulty speaking, feeling anxious or weak, irritability, sweating, loss of consciousness, and increased blood pressure. In diabetic individuals, too much insulin, limited or delayed food intake, a sudden increase in exercise, and excessive alcohol ingestion cause fasting hypoglycemia. Reactive hypoglycemia, however, occurs about four hours after a meal. The cause is unknown, but experts speculate that deficiencies in the release of glucagon (hormone released by the pancreas to increase blood glucose levels) and sensitivity to epinephrine (hormone released by the adrenal glands) contribute to hypoglycemia.

Sun sensitivity 483

Sunstroke Also called heatstroke, this condition involves a very high body temperature and lack of sweating followed by loss of consciousness due to excess exposure to heat and the sun. Very young children are particularly vulnerable to sunstroke. This condition is potentially fatal unless treated quickly. It is a particular problem for young athletes training during hot and humid temperatures. no sweating Exposure to extreme heat can cause a breakdown in the body's ability to lower its own temperature through sweating, and body temperature can soar to 107 F or higher. If the body is dehydrated and cannot cool the skin through sweat evaporation, this can cause the failure of many of the body's vital systems, such as the heart, lungs, kidney, and brain. The sufferer can fall into shock and unconsciousness.

Opiates

Although the course and severity of withdrawal symptoms following opiate abstinence depend on which opiate was used, the dose and pattern of consumption, the duration of use, and the interdose interval, the opiate withdrawal syndrome follows the same general progression. Approximately eight to twelve hours after the last dose, individuals experience yawning, lacrimation, and rhinorrhea twelve to fourteen hours after the final dose, they may fall into a fitful, restless sleep and awaken feeling worse than when they went to sleep. With the continuation of opiate withdrawal, they experience increasing dysphoria, anorexia, gooseflesh, irritability, agitation, and tremors. At the peak intensity of the withdrawal symptoms, they may experience exacerbated irritability, insomnia, intense anorexia, weakness, and profound depression. Common symptoms include alternating coldness and intense skin flushing and sweating, vomiting and diarrhea (Jaffe, 1990). This pattern of symptoms indicates that...

Syncope Symptoms

The presyncope stage may occur for only a few seconds. It is characterized by upper-body or whole-body discomfort, pale face, ringing in the ears, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, nausea, cold sweating, and excessive yawning. and flaccid limbs, loss of consciousness, blue lips and nails, profuse sweating, crossed eyes, incontinence of urine and solid waste, drop in blood pressure, and reduction of pulse rate to 40 to 50 per minute. A few patients exhibit seizure-like symptoms. In the postsyncope stage, patients feel exhausted and sleepy and exhibit excessive sweating.

Arylcyclohexylamines

Arylcyclohexylamines include phencyclidine (PCP or ''angel dust'') and related drugs that possess central nervous system stimulant, central nervous system depressant, hallucinogenic, and analgesic properties. These drugs (also known as dissociative anesthetics) are well absorbed following all routes of administration. With even small doses, intoxication is produced, with associated staggering gait, slurred speech, and numbness in the extremities. PCP users may also exhibit sweating, catatonia, and a blank stare as well as hostile and bizarre behavior. Amnesia during the intoxica

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