Key organisations

There is a complex web of organisations that have a stake in water resources management, either through statutory responsibilities or as representatives of specific interest groups. Fig. 17.3 shows some of the most important stakeholders identified by

Friends of the Earth WWF

Environment groups

Friends of the Earth WWF

Environment groups

Power generation

Hydropower Power stations

Fig. 17.3 Major stakeholders involved with the management of water resources in England and Wales (after Environment Agency, 2009).

Power generation

Hydropower Power stations

Fig. 17.3 Major stakeholders involved with the management of water resources in England and Wales (after Environment Agency, 2009).

Table 17.2 Key organisations with responsibilities for water resources management in the UK

Organisation

Scope

Defra

Scottish Government

Welsh Assembly

Environment Agency

SEPA (Scottish Environment Protection Agency) Northern Ireland Environment Agency Ofwat

WICS (Water Industry Commission for Scotland) Drinking Water Inspectorate (DWI)

DWQR (Drinking Water Quality Regulator) Water companies

All aspects of water policy in England, including water supply and resources, environmental and water industry regulation, water quality sewage treatment and reservoir safety Sets policies on drinking water quality, reservoir safety, marine and freshwater quality, sewage treatment, conservation and use of water resources and provision of adequate water and sewerage services in Scotland

The Environment Strategy for Wales sets out the Welsh Assembly Government's strategies for sustainable water resources management sustainably and drinking water quality England and Wales. Manages water resources and enforces water quality standards

Regulates activities which impact on the water environment in Scotland, including discharges to groundwater and surface water, abstractions, river basin planning Responsible for protection of the aquatic environment. Abstraction and Impoundment Licensing function monitors and controls water body resources in Northern Ireland Responsible for economic regulation of the water industry in England and Wales. Regulates the 21 regional monopoly water companies Manages regulatory framework of the Scottish water industry. Licenses private retail water supply companies

Responsible for assessing the quality of drinking water in England and Wales, taking enforcement action if standards are not being met, and appropriate action when water is unfit for human consumption DWQR ensures quality of public drinking water supplies in Scotland. Role created under Water Industry (Scotland) Act 2002

There are 21 private regional monopoly water companies in England and Wales, ten providing both water and sewerage services and 11 are water only. Scottish Water is the publicly owned company that operates the network of water and sewerage in Scotland, as well as selling wholesale water services. Since April 2008, business customers in Scotland can choose from competing retail supply companies, licensed by WICS. Northern Ireland Water is a publicly owned company set up in April 2007 to provide water and sewerage services in Northern Ireland the Environment Agency in respect of their Water Resources Strategy (Environment Agency, 2009).

Table 17.2 summarises key organisations with responsibilities for water resources management in the UK. In England and Wales, Ofwat and the Environment Agency play central roles for economic and environmental regulation respectively (with similar roles performed by the Water Industry Commission for Scotland and SEPA in Scotland).

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