Vitamin E is particularly important for preterm infants because placental transfer is low and stores at birth are poor. Preterm infants are subjected to high levels of oxidative stress, and deficiency of vitamin E is associated with hemolytic anemia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Recommendations for vitamin E intakes are often expressed in relation to dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid intake. Recommendations for dietary intakes for infants and children are fairly consistent throughout the world.
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