The vast majority of postoperative patients resume their preoperative feeding plan without significant delay. Complications of surgery can interfere with or permanently alter the patient's ability to resume normal intake. These complications can take many forms and cause functional or anatomic dysfunction of any portion of the gastrointestinal tract. Specific procedures have well documented rates of complication, enabling the clinician to individualize treatment of postoperative feeding disorders. Nutritional support in the postoperative setting may be required, depending on nutritional risks of the patient and the anticipated length of nutritional impairment.
See also: Colon: Structure and Function; Disorders. Small Intestine: Structure and Function; Disorders. Stomach: Structure and Function; Disorders.
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