M C de Souza, Universidad de Mogi das Cruzes, Sao Paulo, Brazil
A F Walker, The University of Reading, Reading, UK © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), the common disorder which affects woman of reproductive age, is characterized by changes in mood, behavior, or mental and physical functioning in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, and yet has no defined cause for its etiology. The different hypotheses proposed in the literature indicate several mechanisms and hence a range of possible therapeutic strategies. The involvement of nutritional factors in PMS has allowed a dietary approach for the management and treatment of women experiencing the condition. This article focuses on the definition, classification, and prevalence of PMS, emphasizing the hypotheses of etiology, including dietary factors, in the relief of PMS symptomatology.
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