Nutritional Management

C M Champagne, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

© 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Hypertension or high blood pressure affects more than 25% of adult Americans (50million) and Canadians, and the rate of hypertension is reportedly as much as 60% higher in some European countries. African Americans typically have higher rates of hypertension compared to whites. Hypertension is also more common among

Table 1 Classification of blood pressure for adults 18years of age or older


Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)

Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)

Normal or desirable






Stage 1 hypertension



Stage 2 hypertension



U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. NIH Publication No. 04-5230, August 2004.

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