Metabolism and Maintenance of Blood Glucose Level

V Marks, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK

© 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

This article is a revision of ''Glucose: Maintenance of Blood Glucose Level'' in the Encyclopedia of Food Science and Nutrition (Second Edition. pp. 2911-2916 © 2003 Elsevier Ltd).

Glucose is the only simple sugar found in most body fluids in anything more than trace amounts and for all practical purposes is confined to extracellular water. Lactose and fructose are the major sugars in milk and semen, respectively. This article reviews the major factors determining the concentrations of glucose in blood under everyday physiological and pathological conditions.

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