Lung Diseases

A MacDonald, The Children's Hospital, Birmingham,

© 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Respiratory disease covers a wide range of disorders and interest has grown in the provision of its nutritional support. Epidemiological studies suggest that dietary habits influence lung function and the tendency to common lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lung cancer. Malnutrition and weight loss are commonly reported in patients with COPD, and intensive, specialist nutritional support is required. For cystic fibrosis (CF), nutritional therapy has been shown to improve the prognosis. Novel diet therapies, including exclusion of food allergens and reduction of salt intake, have been tried as possible treatments for asthma. This article outlines the rationale for and describes methods of nutritional support and therapy in the treatment of lung disease.

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