Globally, supplementation with iron tablets is the most widely used strategy for the prevention and control of iron-deficiency or anemia in pregnancy. Pregnant women require nearly three times as much iron as non-pregnant women owing to the physiological demands of pregnancy (expanded red-blood-cell volume, the needs of the fetus and placenta, and blood loss at delivery). This high requirement is unattainable by most pregnant women in developing countries, especially those who struggle to meet the 1.5mgday_1 requirement when not pregnant, and therefore iron supplementation is recommended during pregnancy.
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