Food fortification is increasingly recognized as an effective public health intervention to alleviate nutritional deficiencies. Nutrients may be added to foods to either restore nutrients lost during processing (restoration or enrichment), introduce nutrients not naturally found in the food, or increase the levels of nutrients to above those naturally present in the food (fortification). The terms 'enrichment' and 'fortification' are often used interchangeably to simply refer to the addition of nutrients to food; however in some countries these terms have specific regulatory definitions. In this article, food fortification refers to all such nutrient additions.
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