Further Reading

Beaton GH, Martorell R, Aronson KJ et al. (1993) Effectiveness of Vitamin A Supplementation in the Control of Young Child Morbidity and Mortality in Developing Countries, ACC/SCN State of the Art Series Nutrition Policy Discussion Paper No. 13. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Christian P, West KP Jr, Khatry SK et al. (1998) Night blindness of pregnancy in rural Nepal—Nutritional and health risks. International Journal of Epidemiology 27: 231-237.

Christian P, West KP Jr, Khatry SK et al. (2000) Night blindness during pregnancy and subsequent mortality among women in Nepal: Effects of vitamin A and ^-carotene supplementation. American Journal of Epidemiology 152: 542-547.

De Benoist B, Martines J, and Goodman T (eds.) (2001) Special issue on vitamin A supplementation and the control of vitamin A deficiency. Food and Nutrition Bulletin Supplement 22(3): 213-340.

Gillespie S and Mason J (1994) Controlling Vitamin A Deficiency. A Report Based on the ACC/SCN Consultative Group Meeting on Strategies for the Control of Vitamin A Deficiency. Geneva: United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination, Subcommittee on Nutrition.

Institute of Medicine (2001) Vitamin A. In Dietary Reference Intakes, pp. 82-161. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine.

Sommer A (1995) Vitamin A Deficiency and Its Consequences: A Field Guide to Detection and Control, 3rd edn. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Sommer A and West KP Jr (1996) Vitamin A Deficiency: Health, Survival and Vision. New York: Oxford University Press.

West KP Jr (2003) Public health impact of preventing vitamin A deficiency in the first six months of life. In: Delange FM and West KP Jr (eds.) Micronutrient Deficiencies in the First Months of Life, Nestle Nutrition Workshop Series Pediatric Program, vol. 52, pp. 103-127. Vevey/Basel: Nestec/Karger.

West KP Jr and Sommer A (1987) Delivery of Oral Doses of Vitamin A to Prevent Vitamin A Deficiency and Nutritional Blindness. A State-of-the-Art Review, Nutrition Policy Discussion Paper No. 2. Rome: United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination, Subcommittee on Nutrition.

WHO/UNICEF/IVACG (1997) Vitamin A Supplements: A Guide to Their Use in the Treatment and Prevention of Vitamin A Deficiency and Xerophthalmia, 2nd edn. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Vitamin B1 see Thiamin: Physiology; Beriberi

Vitamin B2 see Riboflavin

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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