Further Reading

Barker DJ (1992) Fetal and Infant Origins of Adult Disease. London: BMJ.

Battaglia FC and Lubchenco LO (1967) A practical classification of newborn infants by weight and gestational age. Journal of Pediatrics 71: 159-163. Cunningham FG, Gant NF, Leveno KJ et al. (2001a) Preterm birth. In: Williams Obstetrics, 21st edn., pp. 689-727. New York: McGraw-Hill. Cunningham FG, Gant NF, Leveno KJ et al. (2001b) Fetal growth disorders. In: Williams Obstetrics, 21st edn., pp. 743-764. New York: McGraw-Hill. de Onis M, Blossner M, and Villar J (1998) Levels and patterns of intrauterine growth retardation in developing countries. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 52(supplement 1): S5-S15. Goldenberg RL and Rouse DJ (1998) Prevention of premature birth. New England Journal of Medicine 339: 313-320. Gulmezoglu M, de Onis M, and Villar J (1997) Effectiveness of interventions to prevent or treat impaired fetal growth. Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey 52: 139-149. Kramer MS and Victora CG (2001) low birthweight and perinatal mortality. In: Semba RD and Bloem MW (eds.) Nutrition and Health in Developing Countries, pp. 57-70. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Merialdi M, Carroli G, Villar J et al. (2003) Nutritional interventions during pregnancy for the prevention or treatment of impaired fetal growth: An overview of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Nutrition 133: 1626S-1631S. Villar J and Belizan JM (1982) The relative contribution of prematurity and fetal growth retardation to low birthweight in developing and developed societies. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 143: 793-798. Villar J, Merialdi M, Gulmezoglu AM et al. (2003) Nutritional interventions during pregnancy for the prevention or treatment of maternal morbidity and preterm delivery: An overview of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Nutrition 133: 1606S-1625S. World Health Organization (1961) Public Health Aspects of Low BirthWeight. WHO Expert Committee on Maternal and Child Health. Geneva: WHO. World Health Organization (1995) The newborn infant. In Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. WHO Expert Committee on Physical Status. Geneva: WHO.

Nutritional Management

J M Cox, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA

© 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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