Further Reading

Awad N, Gagnon M, Desrochers A, Tsiakas M, and Messier C (2002) Impact of peripheral glucoregulation on memory. Behavioral Neuroscience 116: 691-702.

Benton D (2002) Carbohydrate ingestion, blood glucose and mood. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 26: 293-308.

Berr C (2002) Oxidative stress and cognitive impairment in the elderly. Journal of Nutrition Health and Aging 6: 261-266.

Bruinsma KA and Taren DL (2000) Dieting, essential fatty acid intake and depression. Nutrition Reviews 58: 98-108.

Dallman MF, Pecoraro N, Akana SF et al. (2003) Chronic stress and obesity: a new view of "comfort food''. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100: 11696-11701.

Ernst E (1999) Diet and dementia: is there a link? A systematic review. Nutritional Neuroscience 2: 1-6.

Fernstrom JD (1994) Dietary amino acids and brain function. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 94: 71-77.

Gesch CB, Hammond SM, Hampson SE, Eves A, and Crowder MJ (2002) Influence of supplementary vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids on the antisocial behavior of young adult prisoners: randomised, placebo controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry 181: 22-28.

Gibson EL and Green MW (2002) Nutritional influences on cognitive function: mechanisms of susceptibility. Nutrition Research Reviews 15: 169-206.

Green MW (2001) Dietary restraint and craving. In: Hetherington MM (ed.) Food Cravings and Addiction. pp. 521-548. Leatherhead: Leatherhead Food RA.

Hillbrand M and Spitz RT (1996) Lipids, Health and Behavior. Washington, DC: American Psychological Society.

Kalmijn S, Feskens EJM, Launer LJ, and Kromhout D (1997) Poly-unsaturated fatty acids, antioxidants and cognitive function in very old men. American Journal of Epidemiology 145: 33-41.

Krummel DA, Seligson FH, and Guthrie HA (1996) Hyperactivity: is candy causal? Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 36: 31-47.

Markus CR, Olivier B, Panhuysen GEM et al. (2000) The bovine protein alpha-lactalbumin increases the plasma ratio of tryptophan to the other large neutral amino acids, and in vulnerable subjects raises brain serotonin activity, reduces cortisol concentration, and improves mood under stress. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 71: 1536-1544.

Pollitt E and Mathews R (1998) Breakfast and cognition: an integrative summary. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 67: 804S-813S.

Reynolds EH (2002) Folic acid, ageing, depression, and dementia. BMJ 324: 1512-1515.

Riggs K, Spiro A, Tucker K, and Rush D (1996) Relations of vitamin B12, vitamin B6, folate, and homocysteine to cognitive performance in the Normative Aging Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 63: 306-314.

Rogers PJ (2001) A healthy body, a healthy mind: long-term impact of diet on mood and cognitive function. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 60: 135-143.

Sher L (2001) Role of thyroid hormones in the effects of selenium on mood, behavior, and cognitive function. Medical Hypotheses 57: 480-483.

Smith AP and Jones DM (eds.) (1992) Handbook of Human Performance, vol. 2, Health and Performance. London: Academic Press.

Story M and Neumark-Sztainer D (1998) Diet and adolescent behavior: is there a relationship? Adolescent Medicine 9: 283-298.

Tucker DM, Penland JG, Sandstead HH et al. (1990) Nutrition status and brain function in aging. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 52: 93-102.

Wolraich ML, Wilson DB, and White W (1995) The effect of sugar on behavior or cognition in children: a meta-analysis. JAMA, 274: 1617-1621.

Beriberi see Thiamin: Beriberi

Beverages see Alcohol: Absorption, Metabolism and Physiological Effects; Disease Risk and Beneficial Effects; Effects of Consumption on Diet and Nutritional Status. Tea

Gaining Weight 101

Gaining Weight 101

Find out why long exhausting workouts may do more harm than good. Most of the body-building workout and diet regimens out there are designed for the guys that gain muscle and fat easily. They focus on eating less and working out more in order to cut the excess fat from their bodies while adding needed muscle tone.

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