Further Reading

Briggs JP, Sawaya BE, and Schnermann J (1990) Disorders of salt balance. In: Kokko JP and Tannen RL (eds.) Fluids and Electrolytes, 2nd edn., pp. 70-138. Philadelphia: WB Saunders.

Costill DL, Cote R, and Fink W (1976) Muscle water and electrolytes following varied levels of dehydration in man. Journal of Applied Physiology 40: 6-11.

Engell DB, Maller O, Sawka MN et al. (1987) Thirst and fluid intake following graded hypohydration levels in humans. Physiology and Behaviour 40: 229-236.

Grandjean AC, Reimers KJ, Bannick KE, and Haven MC (2000) The effect of caffeinated, non-caffeinated, caloric and non-caloric beverages on hydration. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 19: 591-600.

Kirby CR and Convertino VA (1986) Plasma aldosterone and sweat sodium concentrations after exercise and heat acclimation. Journal of Applied Physiology 61: 967-970.

Lentner C (ed.) (1981) Geigy Scientific Tables, 8th edn. Basel: Ciba-Geigy Limited.

Maughan RJ (2001) Water, hydration status and human wellbeing. In: BerkZ etal. (ed.) Water Science for Food, Health, Agriculture and Environment, ISOPOW 8, pp. 43-57. Lancaster: Technomic.

Maughan RJ and Murray R (eds.) (2000) Sports Drinks: Basic Science and Practical Aspects. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Rose BD (1984) Clinical Physiology of Acid-Base and Electrolyte Disorders, 2nd edn. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Sawka MN (1990) Body fluid responses and hypohydration during exercise-heat stress. In: Pandolf KB, Sawka MN, and Gonzalez RR (eds.) Human Performance Physiology and Environmental Medicine at Terrestrial Extremes, pp. 227-266. Carmel: Cooper.

Shirreffs SM and Maughan RJ (1997) Whole body sweat collection in man: An improved method with some preliminary data on electrolyte composition. Journal of Applied Physiology 82: 336-341.

Sterns RH and Spital A (1990) Disorders of water balance. In: Kokko JP and Tannen RL (eds.) Fluids and Electrolytes, 2nd edn., pp. 139-194. Philadelphia: WB Saunders.

Taylor NAS (1986) Eccrine sweat glands. Adaptations to physical training and heat acclimation. Sports Medicine 3: 387-397.

Valtin H (2002) "Drink at least eight glasses of water a day.'' Really? Is there scientific evidence for "8 x 8''? American Journal of Physiology 283: R993-R1004.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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