Fluid Requirements

A patient's fluid intake and output should be considered when determining fluid requirements. Urinary losses, along with other losses such as diarrhea, nasogastric suction, emesis, fistula, or other drainage losses, can significantly increase the patient's need for additional fluid. In general, adult patients will need approximately 30 ml/kg body weight daily to meet volume requirements. Monitoring should include adequate urine output, skin turgor, and adequate mucous membrane hydration. Fluid overload in conditions such as compromised cardiac, hepatic, or renal function may dictate use of volume-concentrated formulations.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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