Energy Macronutrient and Fiber Content

Tables 3-6 show the water, energy, macronutrient, and fiber contents of cereals and cereal products. The macronutrients (carbohydrate, protein, and fat) and dietary fiber comprise the bulk of the dry

Table 3 Water, energy, macronutrient, and fiber contents of rice and maize (corn) products; representative values per 100 g

Brown rice,

White rice,

Brown rice,

White rice,

White

Maize

Cornflour

Cornflakesa

uncooked

uncooked

boiled

boiled

rice, flour

meal

Water (g)

13.9

11.7

56.0

69.9

11.9

12.2

12.5

3.0

Energy (kJ)

1518

1536

599

522

1531

1517

1508

1515

Energy (kcal)

357

361

141

123

366

357

354

355

Carbohydrate (g)

81.3

86.8

32.1

29.6

80.1

77.2

92.0

84.9

Protein (g)

6.7

6.5

2.6

2.2

6.0

9.4

0.6

7.9

Fat (g)

2.8

1.0

1.1

0.3

1.4

3.3

0.7

0.6

Dietary fiber (g)

1.9

0.5

0.8

0.2

2.4

2.2

0.1

0.9

aReady-to-eat cereal.

aReady-to-eat cereal.

Table 4 Water, energy, macronutrient, and fiber contents of wheat products; representative values per 100g

Wholemeal

White bread-

Bran

White

Wholemeal

Uncooked

Boiled

flour

making flour

bread

bread

pastaa

pastaa

Water (g)

14.0

14.0

8.3

37.3

38.3

9.7

75.9

Energy (kJ)

1320

1452

872

1002

915

1473

411

Energy (kcal)

310

341

206

236

215

346

97

Carbohydrate (g)

63.9

75.3

26.8

49.3

41.6

74.9

20.9

Protein (g)

12.7

11.5

14.1

8.4

9.2

12.0

3.2

Fat (g)

2.2

1.4

5.5

1.9

2.5

1.9

0.6

Dietary fiber (g)

9.0

3.1

36.4

1.5

5.8

3.0

1.0

aMean of lasagne, macaroni, and white spaghetti.

aMean of lasagne, macaroni, and white spaghetti.

Table 5 Water, energy, macronutrient, and fiber contents of barley, oat, and rye products; representative values per 100 g

Pearl barley,

Pearl barley,

Oatmeal

Oatmeal

Oat bran

Wholemeal

Rye

Rye

uncooked

boiled

porridgea

rye flour

crispbread

bread

Water (g)

10.6

69.6

8.5

87.4

9.5

15.0

6.4

37.4

Energy (kJ)

1535

510

1644

210

1478

1268

1367

937

Energy (kcal)

360

120

388

50

349

298

321

220

Carbohydrate (g)

83.6

27.6

69.4

9.0

53.5

65.9

70.6

45.8

Protein (g)

7.9

2.7

11.8

1.5

19.8

8.2

9.4

8.3

Fat (g)

1.7

0.6

9.0

1.1

7.7

2.0

2.1

1.7

Dietary fiber (g)

5.9

2.0

7.0

0.8

15.1

11.7

11.7

4.4

aMade with water and salt.

aMade with water and salt.

Table 6 Water, energy, macronutrient, and fiber contents of sorghum and millets; representative values per 100 g

Millets

Sorghum Pearl Foxtail Proso Finger Japanese Fonio

Water (g)

12.0

11.0

11.3

13.5

11.7

11.1

10.0

Energy (kJ)

1422

1468

1364

1491

1377

1382

1541

Energy (kcal)

335

346

321

351

323

326

363

Carbohydrate (g)

69.9

68.1

67.8

70.7

76.0

65.4

75.8

Protein (g)

10.7

11.8

9.9

11.6

6.4

10.4

8.5

Fat (g)

3.3

4.8

3.0

4.4

1.4

4.3

3.5

Dietary fiber (g)

7.5

6.9

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

8.5

n/a, no data available.

n/a, no data available.

matter of cereals. Carbohydrates are the major constituent, and there is a nutritionally significant amount of protein. Cereals can also be an important source of dietary fiber. However, most cereals are low in fat.

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