Dietary Exposure to Salt in the Young

Table 3 shows the average daily sodium intakes from food consumed by young people in the UK.

Table 2 Salt intake as NaCl (gday~1)

Before 1982a

Year

Intake

From 1988b

Year

Intake

Communities not using

added salt

Brazil (Yanomano Indian)

1975

0.06

New Guinea (Chimbus)

1967

0.04

Solomon Island (Kwaio)

1.20

Botswana (Kung

1.80

Bushmen)

Polynesia (Pukapuka)

3.60

Alaska (Eskimos)

1961

<4.00

Marshall Islands in Pacific

7.00

Salt-using communities

Kenya (Samburu nomads)

5-8

Mexico (Tarahumara Indians)

3-10

Mexico (Tarahumara

1978

5-8

Mexico rural, mend

1992

6.0

Indians)

Mexico rural, womend

1992

5.4

Mexico urban, mend

1991

7.7

Mexico urban, womend

1991

6.7

Denmark

9.8

Denmark

1988

8

Canada (New Foundland)

9.9

Canada

8-10

New Zealand

10.1

Sweden (Gotenburg)

10.2

USA (Evans County,

10.6

USA (Chicago)

7.7

Georgia)

Iran

10.9

Belgium

1966

11.4

Belgium

1988

8.4

UK (Scotland)

11.5

UKc

1990

9

Australia

12.0

India (North)

12-15

India

9-11.4

Federal Republic of

13.1

Germany

Finland (East)

14.3

Finland

10.6

Bahamas

15-30

Kenya (Samburus, Army)

1969

18.6

Korea

19.9

Japan

Japan (farmer)

1955

60.3

Japan

1988

8.15

Japan (Akita)

27-30

Japan

1964

20.9

aSource: INTERSALT Cooperative Research Group. INTERSALT and international study of electrolyte excretion and blood pressure.

Results from 24 hour urinary sodium and potassium excretion. Br Med J 1988, 297: 319.

bSource: Pietinen, P (1982) Estimating sodium intake from food consumption data. Ann Nutr Metab, 26:90-99

cGregoy J, Foster K, Tyler H, Wiseman M. The Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults. HMSO (London, 1990).

dSanchez-Castillo et al. (1996) Salt intake and blood pressure in rural and metropolitan Mexico. Archives of Medical Research 27:

559-566.

Table 3 Sodium consumption in people aged 4-18years in the UK

Age (years)

Males

Females

Sodium intake

Estimated salt

Sodium intake

Estimated salt

g day~1 (mmol day~1)

intake g day~1

g day~1 (mmol day~1)

intake g day~1

4-6

2.07 (90)

5.3

1.86 (81)

4.7

7-10

2.40 (105)

6.1

2.16 (94)

5.5

11-14

2.70 (118)

6.9

2.27 (99)

5.8

15-18

3.30 (142)

8.3

2.28 (99)

5.8

Source: Gregory J, Foster K, Tyler H, Wiseman M. The Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults. HMSO (London, 1990).

Source: Gregory J, Foster K, Tyler H, Wiseman M. The Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults. HMSO (London, 1990).

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