Cerebral palsy is a term that refers to a number of nonprogressive disorders of movement and posture that result from an injury to the central nervous system during early brain development (Table 1).
Table 1 Causes of cerebral palsy
Cause % of cases
- Genetic syndromes
- Chromosomal abnormalities
- Brain malformations Second and third trimesters
- Intrauterine infections
- Problems in fetal/placental functioning
Labor and delivery 19
Complications of labor and delivery
Sepsis/central nervous system infection
Traumatic brain injury Toxins
Adapted from Hagberg B and Hagberg G (1984) Prenatal and perinatal risk factors in a survey of 681 Swedish cases. In: Stanley F and Alberman E (eds.) The Epidemiology of the Cerebral Palsied, pp. 116-134. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott.
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