Conclusions

Diets of adolescents in developed countries meet the macronutrient requirements of the majority of individuals resulting in appropriate rates of growth. While fat intakes, as a proportion of energy, have continued to decline towards dietary guidelines, concern remains over the intakes of iron, calcium, zinc, and vitamin A in many subgroups of adolescents, particularly older girls. Maintaining adequate energy intakes and encouraging consumption of fruit, vegetables, lean meat, and oily fish may be a key route to achieving an optimal intake of micronutrients. Present recommendations for adolescents include a continuing reduction in dietary fat to help prevent later diseases of affluence. This should be combined with encouragement to increase physical activity in order to address the rising incidence of obesity in most developed countries.

See also: Adolescents: Nutritional Problems. Alcohol: Absorption, Metabolism and Physiological Effects; Disease Risk and Beneficial Effects; Effects of Consumption on Diet and Nutritional Status. Calcium. Dietary Surveys. Osteoporosis.

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