Conclusions

Owing to the complex nature of the interaction between nutritional status and host-susceptibility to infection, establishing a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms behind the nutrition-infection relationship is crucial to the formulation of intervention strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality from communicable and nutritional deficiency diseases in developing countries.

Nutritional intake, nutrient absorption, nutrient metabolism

Immunocompetence

Figure 3 Confounding factors in the nutrition-infection paradigm.

See also: Breast Feeding. Diarrheal Diseases. Fatty Acids: Omega-3 Polyunsaturated. Immunity: Physiological Aspects; Effects of Iron and Zinc. Infection: Nutritional Management in Adults. Lung Diseases. Malnutrition: Primary, Causes Epidemiology and Prevention; Secondary, Diagnosis and Management. Parasitism. Tuberculosis: Nutrition and Susceptibility; Nutritional Management.

Scrimshaw NS and SanGiovanni JP (1997) Synergism of nutrition, infection and immunity: an overview. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 66: 464S-477S.

Suskins MS and Tontisirin K (2001) Nutrition, Immunity and Infection in Infants and Children. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Tomkins A and Watson F (1989) Malnutrition and Infection: A review. Nutrition Policy Discussion Paper No.5 (ACC/SCN State of the Art Series). Geneva: United Nations.

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