Conclusions

Preterm infants have specialized nutritional needs and each infant must be carefully and continuously assessed to ensure that the best possible nutritional support is provided to promote optimal growth without causing additional morbidity and mortality.

Table 7 Periodic monitoring of nutritional status

Indicator

Frequency

Weight

Daily

Length

Weekly

Head circumference

Weekly

Electrolytes (PN)

Daily until stable then

2 times weekly

Electrolytes (enteral)

Weekly

Albumin

Weekly

Bili/transaminases (PN)

Weekly

Calcium, phosphorous,

Weekly

magnesium, alkaline

phosphatase

Hemoglobin/hematocrit

Weekly

See also: Breast Feeding. Energy: Requirements. Growth and Development, Physiological Aspects. Growth Monitoring. Infants: Nutritional Requirements; Feeding Problems. Low Birthweight and Preterm Infants: Causes, Prevalence and Prevention. Nutritional Support: Infants and Children, Parenteral.

New Mothers Guide to Breast Feeding

New Mothers Guide to Breast Feeding

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