Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is grown in temperate zones as well as in temperate regions within the subtropics. As a dry seed, it is an important crop in Africa and in Central and South America. Many bean types are cultivated that exhibit vast differences in seed coat coloration and pod characteristics. Mature seeds are harvested as dry beans (e.g., black bean, pinto bean, and kidney bean); immature pods are used as a vegetable (e.g., snap bean and French bean). Pod types have been bred to have few fibers in the pod wall.
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