The determinants of undernutrition can be categorized as being immediate, underlying, or basic (Figure 1). The immediate causes include dependence on a diet that is inadequate in quantity and/ or quality. This can be due to low food availability or anorexia from recurrent infections and also poor health status that can result in a vicious cycle of ill health and undernutrition. The underlying determinants are food insecurity, inadequate care for mothers and children, and poor sanitation. The basic determinants influence the underlying determinants and include the environmental, technological, and human resources available to a country or community. Access to and use of resources are influenced by both the political and the economic structures as well as cultural and social factors that affect how resources are used to maintain and improve food security, the provision of care, and sanitation. The following discussion is limited to the immediate causes of undernutrition.

Undernutrition is intergenerational, and a cycle of ill health and growth failure frequently occurs in which undernutrition in childhood leads to small body size in adulthood (Figure 2). Genetic and environmental influences also affect both maternal height and prepregnancy weight, both of which are important determinants of birth size and, to a lesser extent, later growth and size.

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

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