Carnitine

Carnitine is readily synthesized from lysine. As a cofactor, carnitine takes part in the membrane-bound enzyme system that transports fatty acids into the mitochondria for energy oxidation. Two enzymes, carnitine acyl transferase I and carnitine acyl transferase II, comprise a cycle that delivers the fatty acid as an acyl carnitine derivative to the interior of the mitochondria and returns the carnitine to the cytosolic side for further transport (Figure 11). The structure of carnitine with its hydroxyl group on C-3 is ideally suited for forming an acyl bound with a fatty acid.

Boost Your Metabolism and Burn Fat

Boost Your Metabolism and Burn Fat

Metabolism. There isn’t perhaps a more frequently used word in the weight loss (and weight gain) vocabulary than this. Indeed, it’s not uncommon to overhear people talking about their struggles or triumphs over the holiday bulge or love handles in terms of whether their metabolism is working, or not.

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