Few countries set reference values for carbohydrates for children. Young infants, particularly those born preterm, have a limited capacity for glucose synthesis and require approximately 40% of their energy from simple sugars in order to maintain adequate blood glucose levels. Breast milk and infant formulas normally contain approximately 7g carbohydrate per 100 ml. For older children there is no reason to believe that requirements for carbohydrates are different from those for adults. Where recommendations for total carbohydrates and for simple or nonmilk extrinsic sugars are set, they are usually the same as those for adults.

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