Balance of Energy Producing Substrates

Energy requirements may be met by glucose, fat, and protein. There has been much interest in the relative proportions of these three sources, and it now seems that 20-25% should be supplied as protein but only 15% as fat.

Table 4 Examples of formulas used to predict energy requirements in children


BMR x 2 kcal/24 h

Males BMR equation Females BMR equation

Modified Galveston formulas6

Less than 1 year old: 2100kcal/m2 BSA + 1000kcal/m2 BSA burned

Less than 12years old: 1800kcal/m2 BSA + 1300kcal/m2 BSA burned

12-18years old: 1500kcal/m2 BSA + 1500kcal/m2 BSA burned

Curreri junior formulasc

Daily calorie needsd Birth-1year: basal RDA in kcal + (15kcal/% burn) 1-3years: basal RDA in kcal + (25kcal/% burn) 4-15years: basal RDA in kcal + (40kcal/% burn)

aO'Neil CE, Hutsler D, and Hildreth MA. Basic nutritional guidelines for pediatric burn patients. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation. 1989, 10(3): 278-84.

bHildreth MA, Herndon DN, Desai MH, and Duke MA. Reassessing caloric requirements in pediatric burn patients. Journal of Burn Care Rehabiiitation 1988, 9(6): 616-8.

cDay T, Dean P, Adams MC, Luterman A, Ramenofsky ML, and Curreri PW. Nutritional requirements of the burned child: the Curreri junior formula. Proceedings of the American Burn Association 1986, 18: 86.

dRDA (kcal) varies with age: 0-0.5years, 320; 0.5-1 years, 500; 1-3years, 740; 4-6years, 950; 7-10years, 1130; 11-14years, 1440 (male) and 1310 (female); 15-18 years, 1760 (male) and 1370 (female).

BMR, basal metabolic rate; BSA, body surface area; RDA, recommended daily allowance; W, weight in kilograms.

Metabolism Masterclass

Metabolism Masterclass

Are You Sick And Tired Of All The Fat-Burning Tricks And Trends That Just Don’t Deliver? Well, Get Set To Discover The Easy, Safe, Fast, And Permanent Way To Mega-Charge Your Metabolism And Lose Excess Fat Once And For All! This Weight Blasting Method Is Easy AND Natural… And Will Give You The Hot Body And Killer Energy Levels You’ve Been Dreaming Of.

Get My Free Ebook


  • selina
    When bmr us 1370 is this calories i need?
    3 years ago

Post a comment