Temper Tantrums

A young child has outbursts of anger, shouting, and crying when thwarted. The causes may be emotional tension within the family a lack of parental affection, inconsistent disciplining by parents, which may produce insecurity, or simply a child testing the boundaries. Tantrums are exacerbated by teething, allergy, or digestive ailments. SELF-HELP Discipline a child consistently, and avoid arguments. Give the child plenty of attention except during a tantrum, when unacceptable behavior is best ignored. Distract the child from the undesirable behavior.

CAUTION If problems persist, ask a doctor about family therapy.

Temper tantrums in a child with threadworms

Child is impossible to please

Itching of the rectum and anus (tiny, white threadworms may be detected on adhesive tape placed across the anus first thing in the morning) Grinding teeth during sleep

One cheek may be red if the child is teething Stools may be green, watery, and smell like rotten eggs

Possible convulsive symptoms in extreme cases, with child going into spasms of rage with the resistance to, and ultimately immunity against, many diseases in later life. Parents often prefer to treat their children with gentle, natural products to reduce the risk of side-effects, resorting to conventional drugs only when a child's immune system is unable to cope with extremely serious ailments. Unless there is a congenital, genetic disability, a child's immune system should respond well to homeopathic treatment. In most cases, a child's vital force (see page 18) will enable him or her to deal with many common threats to childhood health. Homeopathic remedies are easily administered to children (see page 216 ), and can help them bounce back to health quickly and efficiently

PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS

SYMPTOMS BETTER

SYMPTOMS WORSE

REMEDY & DOSAGE

• Irritability

• Anger

• For applying firm pressure to the stomach

• For releasing wind

• If the mother is stressed

(see page 52) 6c every 5 minutes up to 10 doses

• Irritability and restlessness

• Nervous appearance

• For applying light pressure to the stomach

• When lying on the right side

Mag. phos.

(see page 90) 6c every 5 minutes up to 10 doses

• Irritability

• Dislike of being put to bed

• When warm and dry

• For wearing too much clothing

• For being washed

(see page 99) 6c 4 times daily up to 5 days

• Great restlessness

• Agitation

• For changing position

• When warm and dry

• For being undressed

(see page 162) 6c 4 times daily up to 5 days

• Great restlessness

• Oversensitivity to pain

• For being carried

• For applying cold compresses to the face

• At night, from 9 p.m. onward

Chamomilla

(see page 46) 30c half-hourly up to 10 doses, or more often if acute

• Restlessness

• Tendency to lash out

• For resting in bed

• For jarring and movement

• For applying pressure to the gums

• When lying down and at night

Belladonna

(see page 39) 30c half-hourly up to 10 doses, or more often if acute

• Irritability, anger, and aggression

• Rejection of all attempts to please

• When lying on the stomach

• For being carried over a parent's shoulder

• In the presence of strangers

Cina

(see page 38) 30c daily up to 7 days

• Extreme irritability

• Oversensitivity to pain

• Dislike of being talked to or touched

• For being carried

• For perspiring

• In mild weather

• When teething

• After breakfast

(see page 46) 30c daily up to 7 days

SLEEPLESSNESS

Newborn babies need about 16 hours of sleep, 2-year-olds 12 hours, 6-year-olds 10 hours, and 12-year-olds 9 hours. Sleeplessness in babies may be due to being hot or cold, hunger, a dirty diaper, teething (see page 246), colic (see page 246), or too much stimulation. In older children it may be caused by being hot or cold, irregular bedtimes, caffeine in carbonated drinks, other food allergy, noise, stress, or anxiety. Nightmares may result from watching television or videos. SELF-HELP Keep a baby's or young child's room at 64-68°F (16-20°C). Establish a bedtime routine: bath, last feeding, then bed, at the same time every day, and avoid overstimulation. If a child wakes frequently during the night and becomes overtired, bring bedtime forward by 15 minutes every 3 nights until the child sleeps through. Maintain this bedtime, and then gradually put it back by 15-minute intervals. Look for the underlying causes of sleeplessness. Do not punish a child by sending him or her to a bedroom, which will acquire bad associations. CAUTION If the problem persists, consult a doctor.

SPECIFIC AILMENT

PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS

Anger and irritability that prevents sleep

• Eyes are half-open when asleep

• Moaning during sleep

• Legs are wide apart when asleep

Sleeplessness after shock

• Possible dizziness, numbness, flushing, and fainting

• Wakefulness any time between midnight and 4 a.m.

• Possible feeling of paralysis anywhere in the body

Early waking

• Wakefulness in the early morning with a desire to play

• Possible association with teething or pain

• Overtiredness

Bed-wetting while dreaming

• Urination while dreaming

• Urination in first stage of sleep as a habit

• Symptoms especially associated with children who feel the cold easily

Bed-wetting soon after falling asleep

• Urination soon after falling asleep

• Possible association with coughing fits

Bed-wetting during deep sleep

• Reluctance to go to sleep unless soothed

• Deep sleep prevents child from waking in time to get to a toilet

• Urination during dreams and in the early part of the night

Sudden rise in temperature after exposure to cold

• Sudden onset of fever

• Shivers, especially after exposure to cold, dry wind, even though temperature is raised

Sudden rise in temperature with burning, hot skin

• Sudden onset of violent fever, with pounding pulse

• Staring eyes

Fever with exhaustion

• Body feels cold but skin is hot and dry

• Thirst for small sips of water

• Exhaustion

• Burning pains in the limbs

• Cold sweats

BED-WETTING (NOCTURNAL ENURESIS)

By the end of their second year, most children have a degree of bladder control. Daytime control is usually achieved between 18 months and 3 years of age: nighttime control may take another year. About 10 percent of 4- to 5-year-olds wet the bed regularly Primary bed-wetting means a child has never been dry at night. This may be due to immaturity of the nervous system or to psychological reasons—for example, a child's diapers may not have been changed often enough, so that he or she did not learn what it felt like to be dry. Secondary bed-wetting means a child was dry for a time but then starts to wet the bed again—because of emotional stress, for example. SELF-HELP With primary bed-wetting, encourage a child of 7 or over to take control—by changing soiled sheets, for example. CAUTION If there is a burning sensation on passing urine with secondary bed-wetting, see a doctor within 48 hours.

FEVER

A rise in body temperature above 98°F (37°C) usually indicates that the body is fighting infection. In young children, however, before the temperature regulation mechanism has matured, temperature may rise simply because the child is overheated. Other symptoms of fever include restlessness and hot skin. SELF-HELP Remove the child's clothes and sponge him or her all over with tepid water. Open the windows or use a fan to cool the air. Provide plenty of fluids. If the child's temperature rises above 102°F (39°C), or if there is a history of febrile convulsions (seizures induced by high temperature), give children's acetaminophen. CAUTION If the child suffers a febrile convulsion—abnormal breathing and limb movements, rolling eyes, and a loss of consciousness— try to lower the child's temperature and consult a doctor. If the child is unconscious for more than five minutes, call 911. If fever is accompanied by symptoms of meningitis (inflammation of the membranes around the brain)—severe headache, nausea and vomiting, abnormal drowsiness, oversensitivity to light, a stiff neck, and a rash that does not fade when pressure is applied—call 911.

PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS

SYMPTOMS BETTER

SYMPTOMS WORSE

REMEDY & DOSAGE

• Refusal to be calmed unless carried around

• For being carried

• For not eating snacks before bedtime

• For being overheated

• At night, from 9 p.m. onward

Chamomilla

(see page 46) 30c half-hourly from 1 hour before bedtime up to 10 doses

• Fear of death on waking from sleep

• For being in quiet surroundings

• For reassurance

• On exposure to cold, dry winds

(see page 32) 30c half-hourly from 1 hour before bedtime up to 10 doses

• Overexcitement

• Agitation and nervous tension

• When lying down

• For too much excitement

• For sleeping in a draft

(see page 50) 30c half-hourly from 1 hour before bedtime up to 10 doses

• Possible nightmares

• Displeasure

• For catnaps

• When lying on the right side

• When lying on a full bladder

(see page 142) 6c once before bed up to 14 nights

• Excitability

• Oversensitivity

• For being in a warm bed

• For physical or mental exertion

Causticum

(see page 79) 6c once before bed up to 14 nights

• Excitability

• Restlessness

• Irritability

• For being cuddled

• For movement

• When teething

(see page 151) 6c once before bed up to 14 nights

• Restlessness

• For sleeping

• On exposure to tobacco smoke

(see page 32) 30c hourly up to 10 doses

• Delirium with unusual noises and jerky movements

• When standing or sitting upright

• For warmth

• For jarring and movement

• For applying pressure to painful areas

• When lying on the right side

(see page 39) 30c hourly up to 10 doses

• Restlessness

• Stupor or delirium

• Head is better for cold but extremities are better for heat

• For applying warm, dry compresses all over the body

• For physical exertion

• For cold drinks and foods

Arsen. alb.

(see page 68) 6c hourly up to 10 doses

DISORDER

SPECIFIC AILMENT PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS

GLUE EAR

Recurrent infections may result in overactivity of the mucous membrane lining the middle ear and inadequate drainage via the eustachian tube. This results in a build-up of sticky fluid and the poor transmission of sounds, hence reduced hearing. Glue ear may also be due to allergy. The insertion of a grommet (a small tube passed through the eardrum) may be necessary to drain the fluid and aerate the middle ear.

SELF-HELP If symptoms persist, investigate the possibility of allergy to food or atmospheric irritants. If a child is catarrhal, eliminate dairy products from the diet, but only for one month. CAUTION If deafness persists, see a doctor within a month.

Glue ear with swollen neck glands

Glue ear with thick, stringy mucus

Possible discharge of mucus from the ear Pain or congested feeling in the ear Swollen neck glands Head sweats

Possible association with exposure to drafts

Catarrh drips down the back of the throat from the sinuses

Pain or congested feeling in the ear

Dull ache or boring pain in the bridge of the nose

Tendency to produce catarrh

TONSILLITIS

The tonsils are two sacs of lymphatic tissue at the back of the throat that form part of the body's immune system (see page 204). They often become infected, especially during childhood. Symptoms include sore or painful throat, fever, and general malaise. The tonsils look bright red at first, then become covered with a slimy, whitish coating. The glands in the neck may become enlarged. SELF-HELP Encourage the child to rest, drink plenty of fluids, and take garlic preparations. Apply alternate hot and cold compresses around the neck. Gargling with sage tea may soothe the soreness or pain in the throat.

CAUTION If symptoms persist for more than 48 hours, see a doctor. If temperature rises above 102°F (39°C), see a doctor within 12 hours.

Tonsillitis with red face, high fever, and delirium

Tonsillitis with sensation as though a fish bone is stuck in the throat

Tonsillitis with dribbling of saliva onto the pillow

Throat is sore and tender and neck feels stiff Right tonsil is often the worse affected Spasms of pain in the throat on moving High fever, red face, and dilated pupils Tongue has a strawberry-like appearance

Stabbing pain in the throat

Unpleasant-smelling breath

Hoarseness or loss of voice

Yellow mucus is coughed up

Tenderness and swelling of the neck glands

Chilliness

Throat is dark red, sore, and swollen Copious saliva that burns when swallowed Tongue feels swollen and has a yellow coating Unpleasant-smelling breath Copious, offensive-smelling perspiration

CROUP

Resulting from an infection of the larynx, epiglottis, or trachea, or from an obstruction of the airway, croup causes a sudden narrowing of the larynx, which produces hoarseness, wheezing, stridor (grunting while breathing), and a distinctive, barking cough. SELF-HELP Humidify the bedroom or, during a coughing fit, put the child in a bathroom with all hot faucets on. Stay with the child. CAUTION If there is fever, call a doctor within two hours. If stridor is acute with no sign of infection and there are breathing difficulties, call 911.

Croup that comes on suddenly

Persistent croup

Sudden coughing and breathlessness Cough is hollow-sounding and resembles barking Possible great thirst

Dry, harsh, barking cough

Constriction and dryness in throat

Cough resembling a saw going through wood

WHOOPING COUGH

This highly infectious, bacterial illness is serious in young children, and is occasionally fatal in babies. The incubation period is 1-2 weeks. A child is most infectious during the first week, and may remain infectious for up to three weeks. A fever is followed by spasmodic coughing characterized by a whooping noise. Complications include pneumonia and brain damage. CAUTION If you suspect that a child has contracted whooping cough, see a doctor within 48 hours. Antibiotics can minimize severity, but follow up with an acidophilic supplement, such as live yogurt, to reestablish beneficial intestinal bacteria. If a child turns blue during coughing, see a doctor within two hours.

Whooping cough with vomiting

Whooping cough that is worse after midnight

Throat is dry and tickly

Cough is so violent that the child vomits and can scarcely catch its breath between bouts

Child clutches its stomach in pain from coughing

Chilliness

Dry, hacking cough that starts at around

Chilliness

Exhaustion

Eyelids are puffy, especially the upper eyelids

PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS

SYMPTOMS BETTER

SYMPTOMS WORSE

REMEDY & DOSAGE

• Anxiety and insecurity

• Many fears, including concern about death and dying

• Possible nightmares

• When slightly constipated

• When lying on the affected side

• In dry weather

• For physical or mental exertion

(see page 77) 6c 3 times daily up to 14 days

• Irritability

• For vomiting

(see page 87) 6c 3 times daily up to 14 days

• Possible delirium with hallucinations about fantastic shapes or scary things

• When standing or sitting upright

• For resting in bed

• If the head becomes chilled

• For slight jarring or movement

(see page 39) 30c every 2 hours up to 10 doses

• Touchiness and oversensitivity

• Unreasonableness and tendency to lash out

• When the neck is warmly wrapped

• For undressing

• For touching the throat

• When lying on the affected side

Hepar sulph.

(see page 84) 6c every 2 hours up to 10 doses

• Irritability and emotionalism

Shyness and tendency to be withdrawn

• Oversensitivity to emotions

• When warmly dressed

• In extremes of temperature

• For perspiring

• When lying on the right side

Merc. sol.

(see page 85) 6c every 2 hours up to 10 doses

• Great fear caused by sudden onset and nature of symptoms

• Restlessness in bed

• For warm perspiration

• On exposure to cold, dry winds

• On exposure to tobacco smoke

(see page 32) 30c right away, then half an hour later if child is awake

• Waking at night in great fear

• Alternating moods

• For bending forward

• For warm food and drinks

• On swallowing, talking, and coughing

• For exertion and motion

(see page 85) 6c hourly up to 6 doses

• Restlessness

• Anger that develops easily

• For applying pressure to the chest

• For keeping quiet

• After midnight

• When lying on the left side

• For talking and laughing

Drosera

(see page 141) 6c once after every coughing bout up to 2 days

• Dislike of being alone

• Fear of the dark and ghosts

• Irritability

• When sitting with the elbows on the knees

• In the open air

• For physical or mental exertion

Kali. carb.

(see page 88) 6c once after every coughing bout up to 2 days

DISORDER

SPECIFIC AILMENT PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS

CHICKEN POX

This highly infectious, viral disease is spread in droplets of mucus expelled in coughs and sneezes from an infected child or an adult with shingles. Incubation is 13-17 days. Symptoms are a slight fever for 24 hours, followed by the eruption of a rash and a worsening of the fever. Clusters of small, red, itchy spots evolve into fluid-filled blisters, which heal in 6-10 days. A child is infectious from just before the onset of fever until all the spots heal. Scratched spots may become infected and leave pockmarks. Most children recover completely, but the virus may lie dormant and be triggered in adulthood as shingles.

SELF-HELP To soothe the spots, rub in honey or vitamin E cream on unbroken skin, dab on baking soda solution (1 tsp soda to % cup water), or take an oatmeal herbal bath.

CAUTION If you suspect that your child has chicken pox, consult a doctor within 24 hours. If the temperature is still high two days after the rash appears, or if the child seems very ill and chesty, see a doctor within two hours because of a risk of pneumonia.

First stage of chicken pox

Sudden rise in temperature Hot, flushed face, with cold extremities (fingers, hands, toes, and feet) Possible staring eyes Sensitivity to noise and light

Chicken pox with restlessness

Chicken pox with lack of thirst during fever

Extremely itchy rash Fever

Restlessness

Headache that develops from a stiff neck

Lack of thirst despite high temperature Typical rash

Thick, bland, yellow discharge from the nose Chilliness but a desire for fresh air

MEASLES

A highly infectious, viral disease, measles is spread in droplets of mucus expelled in coughs and sneezes. The incubation period is about ten days, after which the first symptoms develop—an inflamed throat, runny nose, dry cough, red and watering eyes, and fever. After 3-4 days, dark red spots appear, which may join up to form blotches. A child is infectious from the first symptoms until five days after the rash develops. Complications include acute middle-ear infection, bronchitis (see page 228), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and febrile convulsions. SELF-HELP Give the child plenty of water and a light diet until the runny nose and the cough clear up. Treat as for fever (see page 248). Bathe the eyes with a saline solution (1 tsp salt to % cup boiled, cooled water).

CAUTION If fever persists, or if the child feels ill after the rash begins to fade or has an earache, see a doctor within 12 hours.

First stage of measles with lack of thirst during fever

Lack of thirst despite high temperature Oversensitivity to light

Dry cough at night with mucus coughed up in the morning, and thick, green catarrh by day Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea Tiny, raised white spots in the mouth

Second stage of measles with dry, hacking cough

Rash appears slowly Fever

Great but infrequent thirst

Dry, hacking cough

Headache that is worse for coughing

Second stage of measles with a rash that is slow to disappear

Rash disappears very slowly Spots turn purple Increased appetite Great desire for sweet foods

MUMPS

A viral infection of certain salivary glands (the parotids in front of the ear and the submandibulars in the lower jaw), mumps is spread by droplets of mucus expelled in coughs and sneezes. The incubation period is 2-3 weeks and a child may be infectious for a week before the symptoms appear. These include fever, headache, and pain in front of the ears as the glands become swollen. The swelling subsides within ten days, during which time a child is still infectious. Complications may include meningitis or inflammation of the pancreas, ovaries, or testes. Rarely, the effect of this disorder on the reproductive organs results in sterility. SELF-HELP Avoid acidic drinks, such as citrus fruit juices, since these will stimulate the salivary glands, causing pain. CAUTION If there is a severe headache, oversensitivity to light, confusion, drowsiness, or any other symptoms of meningitis, see a doctor within two hours. If the testicles or ovaries are painful, see a doctor within 12 hours.

Mumps with sudden onset of fever and flushed face

Mumps with pain in the ears on swallowing

Sudden rise in temperature

Hot, flushed face

Parotid gland on the right side is worse affected

Wide, staring eyes

Pain on swallowing that extends from the throat to the ears

Submandibular glands are swollen and as hard as stones

Restlessness and a desire to move, but movement makes the symptoms worse

Mumps with perspiration and dribbling when asleep

Glands on the right are the worse affected Offensive-smelling and unpleasant-tasting saliva that dribbles onto the pillow during sleep

Offensive-smelling, copious perspiration Tongue is swollen, with tooth imprints

PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS

SYMPTOMS BETTER

SYMPTOMS WORSE

REMEDY & DOSAGE

• Possible hallucinations and delirium

• When lying on the front

• For bending backward

• For being lightly covered

• When lying with the head lower than the body

(see page 39) 30c every 2 hours up to 10 doses

• Great restlessness

• For changing position

• For continuous movement

• For applying hot compresses, especially to the head

• For rest and when first moving

• In cold and wet conditions

• In drafts, even if only small areas of the body are exposed

Rhus tox.

(see page 162) 6c every 2 hours up to 10 doses

• Tearfulness and a tendency to cling to an adult

• Self-pity • Great desire for attention and comfort

• For applying cold compresses to the itchy areas

• For gentle movement

• At twilight and in the early evening

Pulsatilla

(see page 61) 6c every 2 hours up to 10 doses

• Great tearfulness and misery

• Desire for plenty of sympathy

• For crying and sympathy

• With the hands above the head

• For gentle movement

• For applying cold compresses to the rash

• In extremes of temperature

• When lying on the painful side

• In the evening and at night

Pulsatilla

(see page 61) 6c every 2 hours up to 10 doses

• Great irritability

• Reluctance to be moved

• For applying cold compresses to the rash

• For noise and bright light

• For the slightest movement

Bryonia

(see page 42) 30c every 4 hours up to 10 doses

• Irritability

• For applying warm compresses to the rash

• For becoming overheated

• For physical or mental exertion

Sulphur

(see page 99) 6c every 4 hours up to 10 doses

• Possible hallucinations and delirium

• When lying on the front

• For applying pressure to the affected glands

• When stooping

• When lying with the head lower than the body

(see page 39) 30c every 4 hours up to 10 doses

• Tearfulness at night

• Indifference

• Confusion when sitting up

• For warmth

• For walking around

(see page 159) 6c every 4 hours up to 10 doses

• Irritability and emotionalism, or shyness and introversion

• Emotional oversensitivity

• When warmly dressed

• In the morning

• In extremes of temperature

• For perspiring

• When lying on the right side

Merc. sol.

(see page 85) 6c every 4 hours up to 10 doses

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