Lifestyle

Carbohydrate intake should be carefully monitored, and the diet should include plenty of legumes as long as they do not upset the bowel. A nutritionist can advise about vitamin and mineral supplements. The loss of excess weight, stress-management techniques, and regular exercise will all help diabetes sufferers. Smoking is inadvisable.

CAUTION

• If a person with diabetes and taking insulin develops a sudden loss of energy, hunger, perspiration, dizziness, weakness, headache, irritability, slurred speech, or pins and needles, or is unsteady (hypoglycemia), administer sugar or glucose immediately and call a doctor. If the person loses consciousness, place them in a safe position (see page 270) and call 911.

• If, despite treatment, there is increased urine production, great thirst, and loss of energy (hyperglycemia), see a doctor.

CASE HISTORY

Sam was a 61-year-old, retired policeman, working part-time as a delivery driver. He had been diagnosed two years before his consultation with diabetes mellitus, revealed by a routine urine sample. He had responded fairly well to a diabetic diet, but still had high blood sugar levels. He complained of anxiety, poor memory and concentration, anger, confusion, a lack of purpose in his life, depression, and tiredness.

PERSONAL DETAILS

Sam came to the US in his thirties, having been born in India and lived in Africa. He was used to responsibility and pleased with his achievements, but felt burned out. He now wanted to put himself first, but he feared poverty. He felt his wife was not his equal intellectually, and they argued a lot. Sam was tidy but not fastidious.

FOOD PREFERENCES

Sam had a sweet tooth and liked spicy foods. He was often very thirsty since his blood sugar levels had been brought under control, and he passed large quantities of urine.

GENERAL DETAILS

As well as mental tension, Sam had tension in the back of his skull. He had lower back pain that was worse for stress, and he suffered sudden losses of energy. He preferred warm, damp weather.

PRESCRIPTION & FOLLOW-UP

Sam was advised to eat unrefined carbohydrate snacks little and often, and to avoid caffeine and alcohol. He felt better for this, but still had sugar in his urine. He was prescribed Nux vomica, which aggravated him initially, then made him feel better. He soon became irritable and depressed, however. The remedy was repeated twice, after which he had more energy and felt less irritable. China was tried because of Sam's history of malaria while in Africa, but to little effect. Sulphuric ac. seemed to help him most, especially with the restlessness and irritation that he experienced on exposure to pollution while driving. When last seen, Sam had detected no sugar in his urine for several months.

SKIN & BONES

The skin and bones are important components of the body's basic support systems. The skin keeps the internal parts within the body and protects them from the environment, while the skeletal system, among other functions, provides a strong, mobile framework that enables the body to move and protects internal organs.

The body's support systems

The skin is the body's outermost boundary and, in effect, its largest organ, accounting for 16 percent of total body weight. It is shed and renewed at a rate of 1 oz (25 g) a month. The skin protects the body by waterproofing it, reacting to sunlight, regulating temperature, and providing a barrier to invading organisms. It also supplies the brain with a range of sensory information. Skin problems often result from regulatory imbalances (acne rosacea and psoriasis) or allergy (eczema).

The skeleton is an extensive framework of bones, attached to which are skeletal muscles. Together they coordinate the body's movements. Individual bones move against each other by means of joints. The skeleton also provides support and protection for some of the body's most important organs, such as the brain, spinal cord, heart, and lungs. Diseases of the skeleton often result from degeneration of joints (osteoarthritis) or autoimmune problems (rheumatoid arthritis).

Sebaceous gland Epidermis

Pore

Sebaceous gland Epidermis

Pore

Dermis Hair follicle Sweat gland

STRUCTURE OF SKIN The skin has two main layers. The epidermis consists of flat, dead, or dying cells, which waterproof the skin and protect it from infection. These surface cells are continuously shed and replaced from below. The underlying dermis is where cells are created. Here there are blood vessels, nerves, muscles, sensory cells, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and hair follicles.

Shoulder is ball-and-socket joint, which allows movement backward, forward sideways, and rotationally

SYSTEM OF JOINTS A joint is where two bones meet. There are different types of joints throughout the body, depending on their location. Most joints are mobile (see diagram, below). They are versatile and lubricated so that bone surfaces slide over each other easily, facilitating body movement. Other joints are less movable, or fixed, and their main function is to provide support for the body.

Shoulder is ball-and-socket joint, which allows movement backward, forward sideways, and rotationally

Fingers have hinge joints, the simplest kind of joint, which allows bending and straightening

Muscle

Patella

Fingers have hinge joints, the simplest kind of joint, which allows bending and straightening

Muscle

Patella

Articular cartilage

Internal ligaments

HOW JOINTS WORK Joints such as the knee—the largest joint in the body—are mobile joints. Their bone surfaces are covered with smooth cartilage to reduce friction during movement. Each mobile joint lies within a capsule lined with a membrane that secretes a lubricating fluid—the synovial fluid. Mobile joints are surrounded by ligaments that support them and prevent too much movement.

Natural Arthritis Pain Remedies

Natural Arthritis Pain Remedies

It's time for a change. Finally A Way to Get Pain Relief for Your Arthritis Without Possibly Risking Your Health in the Process. You may not be aware of this, but taking prescription drugs to get relief for your Arthritis Pain is not the only solution. There are alternative pain relief treatments available.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment