Complex interactions

The highly complex nature of interactions that take place in the brain, together with consciousness, higher emotions, and spiritual feelings, produce unique and complex patterns of behavior. The expression of grief, for example, differs greatly from individual to individual. It is therefore difficult to draw a line between balance and imbalance on mental or emotional levels. In addition, mental health is determined largely by what is acceptable or tolerable either to an individual or to the society in which they live. Many mental and emotional problems, such as phobias, are rooted in childhood experiences, and are affected by illnesses and stress. In tackling and solving mental and emotional problems, a person often has to recognize and come to terms with factors that make them what they are.

Cerebral cortex

Cingulate gyrus

LOCATION OF THE LIMBIC SYSTEM

The limbic system forms a boundary between the cortical and midbrain areas such as the thalamus and mammillary bodies.

COMPONENTS OF THE LIMBIC SYSTEM The various parts of this circular system are extremely important in the expression of human basic instincts, drives, and emotions. The links between the limbic system and sensory structures help to explain why a sense of smell can evoke a memory or emotion.

Cerebral cortex

LOCATION OF THE LIMBIC SYSTEM

The limbic system forms a boundary between the cortical and midbrain areas such as the thalamus and mammillary bodies.

Midbrain

Spinal cord

Midbrain

Spinal cord

Cingulate gyrus modifies behavior and emotions

Fornix transmits information from limbic areas to mammillary bodies

Cingulate gyrus modifies behavior and emotions

Fornix transmits information from limbic areas to mammillary bodies

Olfactory bulbs— concerned with sense of smell—connect with limbic system

Amygdala influences behavior, activities including eating and sex, and emotions

Hippocampus is involved with learning

Mammillary body transmits information to and from fornix and thalamus

Parahippocampal gyrus helps modify expression of emotions

Spinal cord

Olfactory bulbs— concerned with sense of smell—connect with limbic system

Amygdala influences behavior, activities including eating and sex, and emotions

Hippocampus is involved with learning

Mammillary body transmits information to and from fornix and thalamus

Parahippocampal gyrus helps modify expression of emotions

Spinal cord

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