Populus Candicans Medicine In South Africa Pharmacy

Page numbers followed by the letter "f" indicate figures; those followed by the letter "t" indicate tables.

Aconite (Aconitum napellus), 74 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

(AIDS). See AIDS/HIV Adverse reactions. See also Herb-drug interactions definition, 105

gathering data on, 107, 108, 109 ginkgo, 105

herb-drug interactions, 105 St. John's Wort, 106 statistics, 106 Advertising and dietary supplements, 115 federal guidelines, 39 fraudulent claims, 116 Good Housekeeping magazine, 122 on the Internet, 115-116 Africa Journals Online (AJOL), 72, 129 AfricaBib, 73, 129

African countries. See also AfricaBib African herbs, 44 African journals, 73 African traditional medicine, 44 African Women's Database. See

AfricaBib Aging. See also Alzheimer's disease CAM center for, 59, 64 ginkgo, 59 gotu kola, 59 "successful aging," 59 Agribusiness in Sustainable Natural Plant Products (A-SNAPP), South Africa, 22 AGRICOLA, 29, 129, 136 Agricultural Research Council (ARC) of South Africa, 22

Agricultural Research Service (ARS),

USDA, 33 Agriculture. See also AGRICOLA; Cultivation herb crops in European countries, 27 herb crops in United States, 28, 31 medicinal plants as alternative crops, 31 AGRIS (International Information

System for the Agricultural Sciences and Technology), 136 AIDS/HIV

cryptosporidiosis, 146 databases, 130

herbs used for HIV infections, 146 research news and treatment, 148, 149

St. John's Wort, 106 AIDSLINE, 130 Algy's Herb Page, 37, 159 Allergy Discussion Group, 159 Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), 10, 130 Aloe (Aloe vera), 108 Alternative Farming Systems

Information Center (AFSIC), 12

Alternative medicine. See

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Alternative Medicine Foundation, Inc., 46

Alternative Medicine Research Mailing

List, 159 Alternative Medicine Review, 99

Alternatives for Healthy Living, 160 Alt.folklore.herbs, 160 Alzheimer's Association, 147 Alzheimer's disease aromatherapy, 154 ginkgo, 147 Lemon Balm, 61 AMA (American Medical Association),

99, 120 AMA Health Insight, 120 American Association of Drugless Practitioners (AADP), 47 American Association of Naturopathic Physicians (AANP), 47. See also Naturopathic medicine American Botanical Council (ABC), 48 American Council on Science and

Health (ACSH), 113 American Dietetic Association (ADA), 147

American Herbal Pharmacopoeia

(AHP), 37 American Herbal Products Association

(AHPA), 36, 38, 48 American Herbalists Guild (AHG), 48 American Home Products (AHP), 9 American Indian tribes, 7, 76, 78. See also Native Health History Database

American Institute of Unani Medicine, 80 American Medical Association (AMA), 99, 120

American Pharmaceutical Association

(APhA), 5 American Public Health Association

(APHA), 113 American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (ASPET), 49 American Society of Anesthesiologists

(ASA), 106 American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHSP), 107 American Society of Pharmacognosy

(ASP), 49 Anesthesia, 106

Annual Bibliography of Significant Advances in Dietary Supplement Research, 93 Anti-quackery mailing lists, 160

Apricot pits, 112 Arabic medicine, 44 Arizona State University, 12 Aromatherapy and dementia, 154

description and practice of, 153-154

electronic mailing list, 160

in Europe, 154

licensing standards, 154

oils, 153

Aromatherapy Global Online Research

Archives (AGORA), 154 Aromatherapy List, 160 Aromatherapy Trade Council, 155 AromaWeb, 155 Arthritis, 66

Ask Dr. James Duke, 120 Ask Dr. Weil, 121

A-SNAPP (Agribusiness in Sustainable

Natural Plant Products), 22 Aspirin, 8

Association for Biodiversity

Information (ABI), 31 Association of Master Herbalists, 51 Association of Natural Medicine

Pharmacists (ANMP), 50, 99 Association of Traditional Chinese

Medicine, 51 Asthma, 58

Astragalus root (Astragalus membranaceus), 37 Astrology, 10 Atropine, 8

Australian Journal of Medical

Herbalism, 53 Ayurvedic medicine description and practice of, 69-70 herbs as, 44 Indian Snakeroot, 14 plant profiles, 78 Aztecs, Badianus Manuscript, 10

Bach flower remedies, 154 Badianus Manuscript, 10 Balm of Gilead (Populus candicans), 7 Barrett, Stephen, 117 Basic Resources for Pharmaceutical Education (American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy), 72

Bastyr University, 57, 147 Bastyr University AIDS Research

Center (BUARC), 147 Bayer Corporation, 9 Bearberry (Uva ursi), 124 Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

See Saw palmetto Berkeley Digital Library Project, 23 Bibliographic databases, 127-129 Bibliography of Africana Periodical

Literature. See AfricaBib Bibliomania.com Ltd, 11 Bills. See Legislation BIOETHICSLINE, 131 Biomedical information, 127 Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa), 32, 66. See also Menopause Blood Root (Sanguinaria canadensis), 30

Blue Elderberry (Sambucus mexicana), 23 Botanical gardens

Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 22 Kumamoto herb garden, 14 Missouri Botanical Garden, 29 New York Botanical Garden, 28 University of Washington medicinal herb garden, 33 Botanical illustrations, 23, 27, 32 Botanical names, 19-20 Botanical Safety Handbook, 38 Brandon-Hill list of core medical journals and textbooks, xii Brazil. See Plantas Medicinais;

Tropical Plant Database Breast cancer, 151 Brief History of Herbalism, 9 British Herbal Medical Association

(BHMA), 50 British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP), 50

British Herbal Practitioners Association

Allied and Complementary Medicine Database British Medical Journal (BMJ), 100 BUARC (Bastyr University AIDS

Research Center), 147 Buchu (Barasoma betulina), 22 Buddhism, and Tibetan medicine, 71

Bulletin boards. See Newsgroups Bulletin of Experimental Treatments for

AIDS (BETA), 148 Burdock (Arctium lappa), 57

Caisse, Rene M., 146 CalFlora, 23

California, herbs and medicinal plants, 23

California School of Traditional Hispanic Herbalism, 73 California Society for Oriental

Medicine (CSOM), 73 CalPhotos, 23

CAM on PubMed, 131. See also

PubMed Camomile, 70

Canada. See Flora of North America; Office of Natural Health Products (ONHP)

Cancer alternative medicine treatments, 151 breast cancer, 151 CANCERLIT database, 132 Essiac cancer treatment, 146 Hoxsey cancer treatment, 146, 151 prostate cancer, 151 Cancer Information Service (CIS), 148 CANCERLIT, 132 CancerNet, 148

CancerNet-Physician Data Query

(PDQ), 133 Cardiovascular diseases CAM Research Center, 67 hawthorn, 37, 67 herbs, 47 in old age, 59 CARDS (Computer Access to Research on Dietary Supplements), 138 Cascara tree (Rhamnus purshiana), 33 Cat's Claw (Uncaria tomentosa), xiii. See also Tropical Plant Database Catnip (Nepeta cataria), 21 Celtic Europe. See Flora Celtica Center for Alternative Medicine

Evaluation and Research in Arthritis (CAMERA), 66

Center for Alternative Medicine Research and Education (CAMRE), 57 Center for Alternative Medicine

Research in Cancer: University of Texas, 148 Center for Botanical Dietary Supplements Research, University of Illinois at Chicago, 66 Center for CAM Research in Aging. See Rosenthal Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Center for Complementary & Alternative Medicine Research in Asthma, 58 Center for Complementary Health

Studies, University of Exeter (U.K.), 60 Center for Food Safety & Applied

Nutrition (FDA), 91. See also Food and Drug Administration Center for Integrative Medicine at

Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 59 Center for Medical Consumers (CMC), 114

Center for New Crops and Plant Products at Purdue University, 31 Center for Science in the Public Interest

(CSPI), 114 Centralized Information Service in Complementary Medicine (CISCM). See Research Council for Complementary Medicine Chamomile (Matricaria recutita), 70 Chat rooms, 159, 160 Chemical constituents analysis, 92 databases, 138

effect of growing conditions, 27 Cherry, 7

Chicano traditional medicine. See

Curanderismo China. See Traditional Chinese

Medicine (TCM) Chinese Cultural Studies: The Chinese Language and Writing, 74

Chinese language, 74

Chinese herbs, 74. See also Traditional

Chinese Medicine (TCM) Chinese writing. See Pin Yin CISCM. See Research Council for

Complementary Medicine CITES (Convention on International

Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), 23-24 Clinical evidence. See Clinical Trials; Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM)

Clinical trials. See also Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM); Randomized Controlled Trials cost of, 83 database, 100

Food and Drug Administration,

83-85, 87 Germany's Commission E, 86 herbs in clinical trials, 83 in the U.S., 97 ClinicalTrials.gov, 100, 101f Cochrane Collaboration, 100-102

Consumer Network, 121 Cochrane Database of Systematic

Reviews (CDSR), 101 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), 88, 89

Codex Alimentarius Commission, 89 Cohosh. See Black Cohosh Columbia University College of

Physicians and Surgeons, 56, 64

Combined Health Information Database

(CHID), 133 Commerce. See Markets and marketing; Trade

Commission E Monographs, 22, 48, 86-87

Common names, 19-20 Complementary and Alternative

Medicine (CAM). See also Integrative medicine in cancer treatment, 151 definition, 61, 145 surveys and statistics, 9, 93, 102 Complementary and Alternative Medicine Pain Database (CAMPAIN), 144

Complementary and Alternative

Medicine Program at Stanford University (CAMPS), 59 Complementary Health Studies,

University of Exeter, 60 Complementary Medicine. See Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Complete German Commission E Monographs: Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. See Commission E Monographs Computer Access to Research on Dietary Supplements (CARDS), 138 Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects (CRISP), 134

Conservation, 30, 31, 32 Consumer Healthcare Products

Association (CHPA), 38 Consumer protection. See also Health fraud; Quackery Federal Trade Commission, 115 health information on the internet, 2,

119, 120 organizations, 113-117 Consumer Reports, 121 Consumer.gov, 121 ConsumerLab.com, 114 Continuing education. See Education and training Controlled vocabulary. See Library of Congress Classification Outline; Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), 23-24

Council for Responsible Nutrition

(CRN), 38 Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpum), xiv, 84 Crane Herb Company, 74 CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference. See

HerbWeb CRISP (Computer Retrieval of

Information on Scientific Projects), 134

Cuba, 52

Culbreth's Materia Medica, 18 Culpepper, Nicholas, 10 Cultivation, 12, 26, 27, 30 Curanderismo, 59, 73 Cushing/Whitney Medical Library, 11 Cyberbotanica, 149

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinalis), 57, 124

DARE (Database of Abstracts of

Reviews of Effectiveness), 100

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness (DARE), 100 Databases, 127-129 Datadiwan, 134

De simplicium medicamentorum temperamentis ac facultatibus, 17 Deadly Nightshade (Atropa belladonna), 8 Deja.com, Google Groups, 160 Dementia. See Aging; Alzheimer's disease Dentistry, 151

Department of Commerce (DOC), 95 Department of Health and Human

Services (DHHS), 123 Dermatology electronic textbook, 149 fungal infections in AIDS/HIV, 146 Tea Tree oil, 146 Devil's Claw (Harpagophytum procumbens), xiii Dictionary of Alternative-Medicine

Methods, 115 Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA), 84 Dietary supplements. See also Food and Drug Administration; Legislation advertising guidelines, 39 definition, 84

Dietary Supplement Health and

Education Act, 84 labels and packaging, 89 office of, 87 regulations, 89 statistics on use, 38

Dietary Supplements: An Advertising

Guide for Industry, 39 Digital library projects, 11, 23 Digitalis, 21

Directory of Information Resources

Online (DIRLINE), 51 DIRLINE (Directory of Information

Resources Online), 51 Distance learning programs, 57 DOC (Department of Commerce), 95 Dog Nettle (Urtica urens), 26 Dr. Felix's Free MEDLINE Page, 135 Drug companies. See Pharmaceutical companies DSHEA (Dietary Supplement Health and

Education Act of 1994), 84 Duke, James, 43. See also Ask Dr. James Duke

Echinacea (Echinacea spp.) misidentification, 21 names for, 20 safety, 108

use by American Indians, 7 use in U.S., xiv, 7, 21 Eclectic medicine. See also Lloyd Library and Museum Eclectic Medical Journal, 41 eclectic movement, 7 Lloyd brothers, 17 Economics. See also Markets and marketing; NewCROP herb crops in Latin and South

America, 53 important herb crops, 31 Education and training. See also Herbalism courses for pharmacists, 48 courses for physicians and medical students, 64 courses in Chinese herbalism, 65 courses in Medical Herbalism, 43 courses in Western Herbalism, 18,

43, 48, 57, 65 online distance learning, 57 residency and fellowship programs, 64

Eisenberg, David, 9, 57 Electronic mailing lists, 157-158

Electronic Textbook of Dermatology, 149

Elixir of sulfanilamide, 87 EMBASE, 128 Empirical evidence, 97 Endangered species, 23-24, 30, 32 England, 45-46. See also European

Union (EU); United Kingdom English Physitian: or An Astrologo-Physical Discourse of the Vulgar Herbs of this Nation, 10

Enhancing the Accountability of

Alternative Medicine, 90 ESCOP (European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy), 90 [email protected]: Europe's Network of

Patent Databases, 135. See also European Patent Office; Patents

Essential oils. See Aromatherapy Essiac cancer treatment, 146 Ethnobotany databases, 75, 78, 79 definition, 71 EthnobotDB-Worldwide Plant Uses, 75, 135

Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globules), 153 Europe. See European Union (EU) European Herbal Practitioners

Association (EHPA), 39, 46, 51 European Journal of Herbal Medicine, 54 European Patent Office (EPO), 135.

See also Patents European Phytojournal, 90 European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy (ESCOP), 90 European Union (EU) herb crops, 27 herbal practitioners, 39, 50 regulatory issues, 46, 85, 86 safety issues, 90 Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM), 98-99, 102

Families of Flowering Plants, 25 FDA. See Food and Drug Administration

FDA Consumer magazine, 122

Federal Register, 88

Federal Trade Commission (FTC), 115

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), 71

Ferguson, Tom, 120

Fertility. See Pregnancy; Women's health Fetzer Institute, 93

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium), 85

Flavorings, 88

Flexner, Abraham, 8

Flexner report, 8

Flora Celtica, 25, 75

Flora of China, 26

Flora of North America, 26

Fogarty International Center (FIC), 60

Folk medicine. See Folklore

Folklore, 17, 41, 71. See also

Alt.folklore.herbs Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (1938), 87

Food and Drug Administration (FDA), 83, 90-92 Modernization Act (1997), 88t Foxglove (Digitalis lanata), 21 France, 45, 52, 154. See also European

Union (EU) Fraud, 112

FTC (Federal Trade Commission), 115 FTC Bureau of Consumer Protection, 115

Functional foods, 147 Fyfe's Materia Medica, 18

Galen, 17 GardenGuides, 26 Gardens. See Botanical gardens Garlic (Allium sativum), xiv, 27 Garlic Information Center, 27 Gattefossé, Reneé, 153 General Council and Register of

Consultant Herbalists, 50 Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS)

List of Botanicals, 87 Georgia Council Against Health Fraud,

Inc. (GCHF), 116 German chamomile, 70 German Federal Health Agency, 86 German Medicines Act, 86

German National Library of Medicine, 11 Germany. See also Commission E Monographs; European Union (EU) Commission E, 86 pharmaceutical literature, 128, 134 phytomedicines, 48, 86 regulatory issues, 86 Ginger (Zingiber offinale), 92 Gingivitis, 151 Ginkgo (Gingko biloba) analysis, 92 clinical trials, 147 in food, 147 use in U.S., xiv Ginseng (Panax ginseng) analysis, 115 and Chinese medicine, 70 safety, 108 Ginseng, American (Panax quinquefolius), 32 Global Health Calendar: Meetings and

Other Events, 39 GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice), 85

Go Ask Alice!, 122 Goldenseal (Hydrastic canadensis) and Eclecticism, 7 endangered species, 24 excessive harvesting in the wild, 30 popularity in the U.S., xiv Good Housekeeping magazine, 122 Good manufacturing practice (GMP), 85 Google Groups, 160 Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica), 59 Grapeseed, xiv

GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe

List of Botanicals), 87 Gray literature, xii, 128 Great Britain. See United Kingdom Greco-Arabic medicine. See Arabic medicine; Greek medicine; Unani herbal healing Greek medicine, 10 Green Pharmacy, 71 Greenfiles, 54 Grieve, Mrs. Maud, 17, 77 Guidance Documents—Botanical Drug Products (FDA Guidance for Industry), 91

Guide to aromatherapy, 155 Gum disease, 151

Harvard Medical School, Center for

Alternative Medicine Research and Education, 57

Hawaii herb crops, 34 list of herbs, 44 Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.), 37, 67 Health Claim Surf Day, 116. See also Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Health fraud, 112

Health On the Net Foundation (HON), 6

Healthfinder, 123 Healthwell Exchange, 40 HealthWorld Online, 39, 123 Heart Disease. See Cardiovascular diseases

Henriette's Herbal Homepage, 40, 160 Herb gardens, 14, 33 Herb Research Foundation (HRF), 22, 51

Herb Society of America, 52 Herb Society (U.K.), 52 Herbal Bookworm, 41 Herbal Encyclopedia, 41 Herbal Hall, 42, 161 Herbal products industry database of companies, 31 FDA Guidance for Industry, 91 manufacturing standards, 36 trade associations, 38, 39, 43 Herbal teas, 54 HerbalGram, 48, 129 Herbalism. See also Herbs; Holistic medicine in England, 46 in Europe, 46

in the United States, 7-9, 35 philosophy of, 35-36, 111 "Herbalist's Charter," 46 Herball, or Generall Historie of Plants, 10 Herbal-Medical Glossary, Michael

Herb-drug interactions. See also Adverse reactions information for patients, 124 information for pharmacists, 107, 116

issues for pharmacists, 106 over-the-counter drugs, 63 Herb-nutrient interactions, 116, 124 HerbInfo, 161

Herblist: The Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Discussion List, 161

Herbs carcinogenicity, 108 conservation, 30, 31 cultivation, 12, 22, 26, 30 definition, 19 formulations, 43 identification, 21-22, 25 illustrations, 27, 28, 32 names, 19-20, patents, 143 taxonomy, 20, 25 Herbs, 52

Herbs, Spice and Medicinal Plant

Digest, 28 Herbs and Herb Gardening: An

Annotated Bibliography and Resource Guide, 12 Herbs of Commerce, 38 HerbWeb, 75, 102 HISTLINE, 12, 13f History of Chinese Medicine Web Page, 76

History of medicine. See HISTLINE History of Medicine Online database.

See HISTLINE History of Traditional Chinese

Medicine, 76 HIV InSite, 149 Hoffmann, David, 122 Holistic medicine holistic medical practitioners, 47 philosophy, 35, 112, 134 Holistic-L, 161

Homeopathic medicine, 8, 50, 74 Honest Herbal, The, 1 Howie Brounstein's Home Page, 42 Hoxsey, Harry. See Hoxsey cancer treatment Hoxsey cancer treatment, 146, 151

IBIDS Database, 136, 137f Identification, 21-22, 25 IFA (International Federation of Aromatherapists), 155 Illustrations. See Botanical illustrations Index Medicus. See MEDLINE Indian Snakeroot (Rauwolfia serpentina), 14, 70 Indian subcontinent. See Ayurvedic medicine Indigenous people. See Ethnobotany Infectious diseases. See National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases Infertility. See Pregnancy Information explosion, 127 Institute for Advanced Research in

Asian Science and Medicine (IARASM), 81 Institute for Natural Products Research

(INPR), 52 Institute for Nutraceutical

Advancement (INA), 92 Institute for Safe Medication Practices

(ISMP), 107 Institute of Economic Botany, 53 Integrative medicine, 66 Integrative Medicine Institute (IMI), 53 InteractionReport.org, 116 Interactive European Network for Industrial Crops and their Applications (IENICA), 27 International Bibliographic Information on Dietary Supplements (IBIDS) Database, 136, 137f International Cooperative Biodiversity Group (IBDG). See Fogarty International Center International Federation of

Aromatherapists (IFA), 155 International Information System for the Agricultural Sciences and Technology (AGRIS), 136 International Network for the

Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP), 72 International Scientific Conference on Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Medicine Research, 58

Internet and advertising, 115-116 consumer information, 119, 120 health fraud, 115 herbal information, 2 quality of information, 1-3 search engines, 5 self-help communities, 120 stability of Web sites, 3 standards for health information, 6 surveys and statistics, 2, 115 Internet Grateful Med (IGM), 13 Investigational new drug applications (IND) for herbal drug products, 92

JAMA HIV/AIDS Resource Center, 149 Journal of Alternative & Complementary

Medicine, 47 Journal of the American Herbalists

Guild, 49 Journal of the American Medicine Association (JAMA). See American Medical Assocation Journal of Chinese Medicine, 76

Kampo Medicines, Tsumura & Co, 79 Kangaroo Apple (Solanum aviculare), 53 Karolinska Institutet, 13 Kava-Kava (Piper methysticum), xiv, 108

King, John, 14

King's American Dispensatory, 13, 41 Köhler's Medizinal Pflanzen, 27 Kress, Henriette, 40 Kumamoto University Medicinal Plant Garden, 14

Laboratories for Natural Products,

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Russia, 28 "Laetrile," 112 Latin America, 53 Latin names, 19-20 Lavender (Lavendula officinalis), 153

Laws. See Legislation LC (Library of Congress), 14 Legislation in the European Union, 39, 46, 52, 86, 94

Food and Drug Administration, 83 in the United States, 85, 93 Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis), 61, 154

Libraries

British Library, 10 German National Library of

Medicine, 11 Library of Congress, 14 Lloyd Library, 17 National Agricultural Library, 29 National Library of Medicine, 139 Vatican Library, 16 Library of Congress (LC), 14 Library of Congress Classification

Outline, 14 Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH). See Library of Congress Classification Outline Library of Congress Tracer Bullets Online (SCTB Online), 16 Licorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra), 147 Liqueurs, 88

Listservs. See Electronic mailing lists Liszt, the mailing list directory, 161 Lloyd, John Uri, 14, 17, 18 Lloyd Library and Museum, 14, 17 Longevity. See Aging Longwood Herbal Task Force (LHTF), 124

Love, Susan, 151

LuEsther T. Mertz Library (New York Botanical Garden), 28

Ma huang (Ephedra sinica), 105 Mailing lists. See Electronic mailing lists Malaria, 62

Markets and marketing import/export issues, 95 market research, 40, 48, 95 relevant U.S. legislation, 38 statistics, 36 trade magazines, 40 U.S. market, 84

Marshmallow (Althea officinalis), 57 Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopeia, xii

Massage. See Aromatherapy Materia medica, 76 American, 8 Ayurvedic, 78 Chinese, 65, 70, 74 Tibetan, 71 MayoClinic.com, 124 Medical Herbalism: A Journal for the

Clinical Practitioner, 102 Medical insurance, 56 Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) alternative medicine headings, 132f herbs, 142t indexing MEDLINE, 140 MEDLINE record, 141f Medicinal Plant Research Center

(U.K.), 60-61, 155 Medicinal Plants of Native America Database (MPNADB), 77 Medicinal Plants of Native North

America, 7, 137 MEDLINE, 128. See also Dr. Felix's Free MEDLINE Pages; PubMed MEDLINEplus, 124 MedWatch, 107. See also Adverse reactions; Food and Drug Administration Menopause, 66, 149. See also Black Cohosh, Women's Health Menopause Online, 149 Men's health benign prostatic hyperplasia, 102, 151

prostate cancer, 151 Mental Health Foundation of the

United Kingdom, 156 MeSH. See Medical Subject Headings Methods Validation Program, 92 Middle Ages, European, 10 Milbank Memorial Fund, 90 Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum), 108 Mini-Course in MEDICAL BOTANY, 43

Mint (Mentha spp.), 31 Missouri Botanical Garden, 29 Mistletoe (Viscum album), 151

Mitretek, Inc., 5 Modern Herbal: The Medicinal, Culinary, Cosmetic and Economic Properties, Cultivation and Folk-Lore of Herbs, Grasses, Fungi, Shrubs & Trees with their Modern Scientific Uses. See Grieve, Mrs. Maud Moore, Michael, 18, 43 Mormon Tea (Ephedra nevadensis), 23 MVP (Methods Validation Program), 92

NAPRALERT, 66, 143

National Agricultural Library (NAL), 29

National Association for Holistic

Aromatherapy (NAHA), 156 National Cancer Institute (NCI), 148, 149

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), 61 National Center for the Preservation of

Medicinal Herbs, 30 National Council Against Health Fraud

(NCAHF), 117 National Formulary (NF). See United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) National Health Information Center

(NHIC), 125 National Herbalists Association of

Australia (NHAA), 53 National Institute for Allergy and

Infectious Diseases (NIAID), 57, 62

National Institute of Ayurvedic Medicine (NIAM), 77 National Institutes of Health (NIH), 56, 61

National Institute of Medical Herbalists

(NIMH), 46, 54 National Library of Medicine (NLM), 139

National Technical Information Service

(NTIS), 30 National Toxicology Program (NTP), 108

National Women's Health Information Center, 150

Native American Ethnobotany

Database, 78 Native American Indians. See

American Indian tribes Native Health History Database, 138 Native Herb Forum, 53 Natural Foods Merchandiser, 40 Natural HealthLine, 44, 162 Natural Heritage Network, 31 Natural Pharmacist, 125 Natural Product Utilization Research

Unit, USDA, 34 Natural Resources Conservation

Service, USDA, 32 Naturalis Historia, 17 NatureServe, 31 Naturopathic medicine accredited schools, 57 philosophy, 47 NCCAM (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine), 61 NCI (National Cancer Institute), 148, 149

Nettle. See Dog Nettle; Stinging Nettle Neurological disorders, 63 Neutraceuticals, 40

New Center for CAM Research in Aging and Women's Health, 62 New York Botanical Garden, 28 New York Online Access to Health

(NOAH), 125 NewCROP, 31 Newsgroups

Google Groups, 160 and the Internet, 3 software, 158 threads, 158 NIAID (National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases), 57, 62

NIH (National Institutes of Health), 56, 61

NLM (National Library of Medicine), 139

NOAH (New York Online Access to

Health), 125 Nutrition Code, 89 Nutrition Science News, 40 NutriWatch, 117

ODS (Office of Dietary Supplements), 87, 92

Office of Alternative Medicine. See National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS), 87, 92

Office of Dietary Supplements Listserv, 162

Office of Natural Health Products (ONHP), Canada, 87, 93 Office on Women's Health (OWH), 150

OncoLink, 150

Oregon Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Neurological Disorders (ORCCAMIND), 63 Osher Center For Integrative Medicine

(OCIM), 63 Over-the-counter drugs. See Herb-drug interactions; Pharmacists Overview of Legislative Development Concerning Alternative Health Care in the United States, 93

Paclitaxel, 8 PADMA-28, 71

Paracelsus discussion group, 162 Patents

European patents, 135 patent databases, 135, 143 patenting herbal products, 83, 135 U.S. patents, 143 Patient information, Longwood Herbal

Task Force, 124 Patten, Doris and Marc, Collection of

Herbals, 12 PDQ (CancerNet-Physician Data

Query), 133 Pediatric Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine at the University of Arizona College of Medicine (PCCAM), 64

Pen-Tsao Kang Mu ("The Great Herbal"), 76. See also Traditional Chinese Medicine Periodontal disease, 151 Peru, Tropical Plant Database, 79 Peuraria root, Chinese (Pueraria lobata), 14 Pew Research Center, 2 Pharmaceutical companies, 8, 9, 39 Pharmaceutical Information Network, 108

Pharmacists. See also Adverse reactions; Herb-drug interactions American Society of Health-System

Pharmacists, 107 certificate program in phytomedicinals, 100 courses on herbs, 48 herbal information for, 103 Natural Pharmacist, 125 and pharmacognosy, 8 Pharmacy Times, 103 reporting adverse effects, 107, 109 Pharmacognosy, 8, 49, 72 Pharmacopoeias, 7, 36, 50 Pharmacy. See Pharmacists Pharmacy Times, 103 Photographs. See Botanical illustrations Physician Data Query (PDQ), 133 Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR), 1 Phytochemical Database, 138 Phytomedicines, 48, 86. See also

Germany PhytoNET, 60, 108 Phytopharmacognosy Internet

Discussion Group, 162 Pin Yin, 74. See also Traditional

Chinese Medicine Plant Abstracts (Southwest School of

Botanical Medicine), 139 Plant names, 19-20 Planta Medica, 54 Plantain (Plantago major L.) 21 Plantas Medicinais, 78 Plants Database, 32 Pliny, 17

Poisoning, 43, 109. See also Adverse reactions; Toxicology Poisonous Plant Database, 109 Pomegranate (Punica granatum), 71

POPLINE, 139 Pregnancy, 26, 139 PreMEDLINE, 139-140 Prickly Ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), 151 Prostate cancer, 151 Psoralea corylifolia, 69 PubMed, 139-140. See also University of Washington Medicinal Herb Garden PubMed Clinical Query, 103 PubSCIENCE, 141

Quackery, 111, 117, 160. See also

Health fraud Quackwatch, 117 Quality control, 36, 54, 84, 85 Quality Control Methods for Medicinal

Plant Materials, 95 Quighaosu, Sweet Wormwood, 62

Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT), 97. See also Evidence-Based Medicine Red Clover (Trifolium pratense), 66 Registry of Chinese Herbal Medicine

(U.K.), 51 Religious symbolism, 42 Research Council for Complementary Medicine (RCCM), 54, 133 Reserpine. See Indian Snakeroot Reuters Health eLine, 126 Rhatany (Krameria triandra), 151 Rhubarb (Rheum officinale), 124 Rocky Mountain Center for Botanical

Studies, Inc., 65 Rocky Mountain Herbal Institute

(RMHI), 65 Roman medicine, 10 Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), 153 Rosenthal Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Richard and Hinda, 64 Rote Liste, 86

Safety. See Adverse reactions Sage (Salvia officinalis), 61

Sales. See Markets and marketing San Francisco AIDS Foundation, 148 Sandalwood, White (Santalum album), 71

Sarpaganda. See Indian Snakeroot Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens), 102, 151

Schisandra Berry (Schisandra chinensis), 37 SciBase, 142 Scientific medicine, 8 Scientific names, 19-20 Scotland. See Flora Celtica Scudder, John. See Specific Medication, Specific Medicines Search engines, Internet, 5 "Self-help communities in cyberspace," 120

Seneca Snakeroot (Polygala senega L.), 7

Skeptic's Dictionary, 118 Skin. See Dermatology Slippery Elm (Ulmus fulva), 146 Sneezeweed (Centipeda minima), 53 Society for Medicinal Plant Research, 54

Software, 40 Source, The, 50

SouthWest School of Botanical

Medicine, 18 Special Interest Group (SIG). See

Newsgroups Special Nutritionals Adverse Event Monitoring System (SN/AEMS), 109 Specific Medication, Specific

Medicines, 41 St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) analysis, 92 Calflora database, 23f clinical trials, 102 monograph, 37 and protease inhibitors, 106 Standardization, 84. See also United States Pharmacopeial Convention Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica), 57 SusanLoveMD.com, 151

Sweet Wormwood (Artemisia annua), 62

Systematic reviews. See Cochrane

Collaboration Systematics. See Taxonomy

Taxonomy, 20, 22, 25 TCM. See Traditional Chinese

Medicine Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca alternifolia), 146

Teas, herbal, 54

Texas A&M University Bioinformatics

Working Group, 34 Textbook of Traditional Chinese

Herbal Sciences, 65 Thomas: Legislative Information on the

Internet, 94 Tibetan medicine, 64, 71, 79 Tibetan Medicine Bibliography, 79 Tibetan Plateau Project (TPP), 79 discussion group, 163 Toothbrush Tree, 151 Toxicology. See National Toxicology

Program; TOXLINE TOXLINE, 109

TOXNET (Toxicology Data Network), 143

Trade in endangered species, 24 import restrictions, 74 international, 23-24, 39, 95 statistics, 48 Trade shows, 39

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) description and practice of, 70, 76 herbal formulas, 65, 76 herbal patent medicines, 73 herbals, 76

importing Chinese herbs, 73 Traditional medicine, 67-72. See also World Health Organization (WHO)

Training. See Education and Training Tropical Plant Database, South

America, 79 Tyler, Varro, xii, 1

Una de Gato. See Cat's Claw Unani herbal healing, 80 Unconventional Cancer Treatments, 151 United Kingdom (U.K.), 54. See also England; European Union (EU)

United Plant Savers (UpS), 32 United States Department of

Agriculture (USDA), 12 United States Patent and Trademark

Office (USPTO), 143 United States Pharmacopeia (USP), 7, 8, 94

United States Pharmacopeial

Convention, 94 United States Pharmacopeial Drug

Guide, 124 University of Arizona Program in Integrative Medicine, 66 University of Illinois at Chicago,

College of Pharmacy, 66 University of Maryland

Complementary Program (CMP), 66 University of Massachusetts, 28 University of Michigan, 11 University of Michigan

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Research Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, 67 University of Pittsburgh Voice Center, 152

University of Virginia, Health Sciences

Library, 9 University of Washington Medicinal

Herb Garden, 33 USDA (United States Department of

Agriculture), 12 Usenet. See Newsgroups USP (United States Pharmacopeia), 7, 8, 94

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) monograph, 37 names, 21t use in the U.S., xiv Vascular Plant Image Gallery, 34 Vatican Library, 16

"Vienna Dioscorides," 9-10. See also

Herbals Vitiligo, 69

Voice Center, University of Pittsburgh, 152

Wales. See Flora Celtica Weil, Andrew, 66, 121 WHO. See World Health Organization Wholistic medicine. See Holistic medicine

Wild Cherry (Prunus virginiana L.), 7 Wild Quinine (Parthenium integrifolium), 22 Wildcrafting, 42, 37 Willow Bark (Salix spp.), 8, 38

Women, in African Traditional

Medicine. See AfricaBib Women.com, 126 Women's health. See also Black Cohosh breast cancer, 151 CAM center, 62 menopause, 149 National Women's Health

Information Center, 150 World Health Organization (WHO), 80-81

World Wide Web (WWW). See Internet

Yew Tree, Pacific (Taxus brevifolia), 8

Organic Healing Properties

Organic Healing Properties

Embrace The Ultimate Healing Source And Heal Your Body The Proper Way. This powerful tool will provide you with everything you need to know to be a success and achieve your goal of breaking into the mighty wellness arena. All the same the issue with getting hold of all that content is the huge expense. If you don't have time to compose all that content yourself, you're going to have to pay somebody to do it for you.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment