Health Fraud And Quackery

Due to the current absence of an effective regulatory framework in the United States, it is often difficult for the health practitioner or consumer to identify the serious science from the quackery. The growth of the Internet has exacerbated the problem. Web sites and bulletin boards abound with exotic, unproven, or exaggerated claims, and many opportunities exist for the unscrupulous to promote useless or harmful remedies to an unsuspecting public. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has...

Mini Course in Medical Botany

These documents constitute the syllabus for a continuing education course taught by the respected ethnobotanist Dr. James A. Duke (see the entry for Dr. Duke's Web site in Chapter 12). They are provided by the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Though ostensibly just a syllabus, these documents contain valuable information on all aspects of herbs that is not readily available elsewhere. The nineteen modules cover introductory botany, herb formulations,...

ASPET Herbal Medicine and Medicinal Plant Interest Group

Membership in ASPET is restricted to qualified investigators who have conducted and published a meritorious original investigation in pharmacology. Individuals holding doctoral degrees (PhD, MD, or equivalent) are considered to be qualified investigators. (Exceptions may be made for those who do not meet the degree requirement but have made major original research contributions to pharmacology.) ASPET publishes Drug Metabolism and Disposition, Pharmacological Reviews, Molecular Pharmacology,...

European Herbal Practitioners Association EHPA

The European Herbal Practitioners Association was founded in 1993 to represent professional herbal practitioners in the European Union (EU). One of its main objectives is to protect both herbalists and consumers by helping to develop professional standards for herbal education and practice, and by encouraging appropriate European legislation. This site primarily provides information on issues relating to political and legislative developments throughout the EU in regard to herbs and the...

What Is Aromatherapy

Aromatherapy is a division of herbal medicine that uses fragrant oils extracted from the roots, branches, bark, leaves, fruit, and flowers of various plants to enhance and improve health. It has its roots in ancient medical practice dating back to Egyptian times, although it was not called aromatherapy until 1928, when the term was coined by a French chemist named Renee Gattefosse, who documented the healing benefits of essential oils and wrote the first modern book on the topic.1 The word...

Index

Page numbers followed by the letter f indicate figures those followed by the letter t indicate tables. Aconite (Aconitum napellus), 74 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). See AIDS HIV Adverse reactions. See also Herb-drug interactions definition, 105 gathering data on, 107, 108, 109 ginkgo, 105 herb-drug interactions, 105 St. John's Wort, 106 statistics, 106 Advertising and dietary supplements, 115 federal guidelines, 39 fraudulent claims, 116 Good Housekeeping magazine, 122 on the...

Herbal Organizations In The United States And Europe

In the United States, few institutions or organizations offer training in herbal medicine and no nationwide professional body promotes its use. The situation is a little better in several European countries where herbal preparations have a much longer history of use, such as in England and France, or are more effectively integrated into mainstream medicine, such as in Germany. The current explosion of interest in herbs, though, has led to the launching of several new professional organizations...

California Society for Oriental Medicine CSOM

The CSOM is a nonprofit association dedicated to promoting the practice of acupuncture and other forms of Oriental medicine in California. This site provides much useful information on herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), including information on Chinese herbal patent medicines that contain Western drugs, news items documenting legal and political issues, and information on herbal products that are subject to import restrictions, such as aconite (Aconitum napellus), an herb much...

The Herbalist Approach To Health

The term herbalism has changed over the years, once being almost synonymous with botany, though it is now generally used to refer to the use of plant remedies to treat medical conditions. It is often associated with medical systems having a tradition of using herbs for healing, whether in North America, Europe, or China. Western herbalism, as practiced in the United States and Europe, and distinct from allopathic medicine, is characterized by an emphasis on building and maintaining health...

The Dietary Supplement Health And Education Act Dshea Of 1994

The current U.S. approach to the regulation of herbal products is rather complex and generally considered to be unsatisfactory. Until 1994, the FDA classified most herbal remedies as either food additives or drugs, and manufacturers had to meet strict FDA standards before placing their products on the U.S. market. This changed in 1994 when Congress enacted the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA), which placed herbs together with vitamins and minerals in a category know as...

Medicinal Plant Research Centre UK

The Medicinal Plant Research Centre is affiliated with the University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, in the north of England. Established in 1996, its mission is to investigate plant species for new drugs. Research is focused on the treatment of neurological disorders, involv ing herbs such as sage (Salvia officinalis) and lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) that have been found to contain compounds that show promise in alleviating the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. A trial of lemon balm aromatherapy...

Rocky Mountain Center for Botanical Studies

The Rocky Mountain Center for Botanical Studies (RMCBS) offers educational programs in Western herbalism, focusing on indigenous North American plants. The school is approved and regulated by the state of Colorado, Division of Private Occupational Schools, and is an associate member of the American Herbalists Guild (AHG) and the American Herb Association (AHA). It offers advanced herbal studies program and a clinical herbalism internship, which is available to advanced students of herbalism.

AMED Allied and Complementary Medicine Database

Even though this is not a free online database, information about the AMED database is included because it is one of the most important resources for CAM information. The database, produced by the Health Care Information Service of the British Library, contains bibliographic citations with abstracts, covering subjects such as acupuncture, osteopathy, Chinese medicine, homeopathy, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, hypnosis, herbalism, physiotherapy, chiropractic, holistic treatments, and...

Notes

Martindale The Complete Drug Reference. Thirty-Second Edition. London, UK Taunton, MA Pharmaceutical Press, 1999. 2. G. B. Wood. The Dispensatory of the United States of America. Twenty-Second Edition, with supplement. Philadelphia Lippincott, 1940. 3. V. E. Tyler. The Honest Herbal A Sensible Guide to the Use of Herbs and Related Remedies. Third Edition. Binghamton, NY Pharmaceutical Products Press, 1993. 4. ________ . Herbs of Choice The Therapeutic Use of Phytomedicinals....

Combined Health Information Database CHID

CHID is a bibliographic database produced by federal health-related agencies, including the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). The database provides bibliographic citations for major health journals, books, reports, pamphlets, audiovisuals, hard-to-find information resources, and health education promotion programs. At present,...

Histline History of medicine onLINE

The HISTLINE bibliographic database, produced by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), is an index to the journal literature dealing with the history of medicine and its related fields. This valuable resource for researching herbal medicine includes literature about the history of health-related professions, sciences, specialties, individuals, institutions, drugs, and diseases in all parts of the world and from all historic periods. It is updated weekly and has around 190,000 citations....

The Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

The Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine was established in 1993 by Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons. In addition to promoting and conducting research into alternative and complementary therapies, it provides comprehensive information on alternative and complementary health care practices. The center's Web site provides information on a wide range of resources for researchers, health care practitioners, and the public. Physicians...

The Longwood Herbal Task Force LHTF

The LHTF was founded in the fall of 1998 by faculty, staff, and students from Children's Hospital, the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, and the Dana Farber Cancer Institute. Its mission is to help educate clinicians about the use of herbal remedies and other dietary supplements. The LHTF has comprehensive collections of fact sheets on herbs for both patients and their health care providers. Documents are available for the more popular herbs, such as echinacea and St....

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora CITES

Many species of plants and animals are declining in number because of loss of habitat and increased exploitation as human populations grow. The worldwide surge of interest in herbal medicine has FIGURE 3.1. Part of the CalFlora Record for St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) Hypericum perforatum l. (Hypciicaceac) Common 11 nines Klamath weed IHrngaL i l St. Johnswoil F ri communities weed. species characteristic of disturbed places LWWalK -1 11n'li111( described by Walker i k CNPS as...

The National Institute of Ayurvedic Medicine NIAM

This is a comprehensive resource for basic information about the practice and beliefs of Ayurvedic medicine. The NIAM, located in Brewster, New York, is the largest resource for information on Ayurvedic medicine in the United States. Its research library has one of the largest collections of Ayurvedic literature in the country, with writings and research reports in English, Hindi, Sanskrit, Malayalam, Tamil, and several other dialects. Go to the medicinal plant page for profiles of plants from...

The National Council Against Health Fraud NCAHF

The NCAHF is a nonprofit, voluntary health agency that focuses on health fraud, misinformation, and quackery as public health problems. The organization is composed of health professionals, educators, researchers, attorneys, and concerned citizens. Useful resources include the NCAHF Position Paper on Over-the-Counter Herbal Remedies (1995) and its Consumer Health Digest (CHD), a free weekly e-mail newsletter summarizing scientific reports, legislative developments, and enforcement actions. CHD...

Plant Names And Plant Taxonomy

Information resources usually list herbs by their common or botanical names. A common name can be in any language, is usually based on what the flower or plant looks like, and will vary according to where you happen to live for example, St. John's wort is also known as Le millepertuis in France and Johanniskraut in Germany. To circumvent the problem of multiple common names, each plant is given a botanical name (also called the scientific or Latin name) based on an internationally accepted...

Traditional Chinese Tibetan And Ayurvedic Medicine

China and the Indian subcontinent have developed what are probably the two most widely known systems of traditional health care traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Ayurvedic medicine. TCM refers to an ancient healing system that is thought to predate current Western medicine by over 2,000 years.4 It encompasses a range of seemingly disparate techniques and materials, including widely popular areas such as acupuncture, massage, and herbal preparations, as well as the more esoteric areas of...

Europe And Germanys Commission E Monographs

Whereas widespread consumer interest in medicinal herbs is a relatively new phenomenon in the United States, herbs have been widely used in several European countries for many years. They play a particularly important role in German medicine, in which they are not only used for self-medication but also widely prescribed by medical doctors. Since 1993, medical students must successfully complete the phytotherapy portion of their board examinations as a precondition for practicing medicine Due to...

Conflicts Between Allopathic Medicine And Herbalists

Health professionals most frequently criticize herbal practitioners for what they see as a lack of scientific evidence indicating that herbal remedies are effective. They are also disturbed by what they view as an entrenched antiscientific attitude among many practicing herbalists. To someone trained in the methodology of Western scientific medicine, some of the writing about herbs can seem decidedly flaky, with an aura of mysticism and mythology and links to the New Age movement, with its...