Grow Your Own Herb Garden
The University of Washington's Medicinal Herb Garden was first planted in 1911 by the university's dean of pharmacy. The 2.5-acre garden is the largest of its kind in the United States and was designed to serve as a source of information on the uses of herbaceous plants in traditional medicine and in the home and garden. The garden contains around 300 varieties of plants. One section focuses on medicinal plants of the Pacific Northwest, such as cascara trees (Rhamnus purshiana), while other sections feature plants from around the world.
The history of herbs and spices is as long as the history of mankind. People have used these plants since earliest times. No other commodity has played a more pivotal role in the development of modern civilization as spices. The lives of people and plants are more entwined than is often realized. Some herbs have the power to change our physiological functioning, they have revolutionized medicine, created fortunes for those who grow, process and treat them, and in many cases have assumed social and religious significance. Herbs have changed the course of history and in economic terms have greater importance as ingredients in food and medicine, perfumery, cosmetics and garden plants. The knowledge of herbs has been handed down from generation to generation for thousands of years (Brown, 1995). Wars have been fought and lands conquered for the sake of these plants. Even today we continue to depend on herbs and spices for many of our newest medicines, chemicals and flavours and they are...
Like many aromatic culinary herbs, the seeds of N. sativa are beneficial for the digestive system, soothing stomach pains and spasms, and easing wind, bloating and colic it is a carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactagogue, laxative, and stimulant. An infusion is used in the treatment of digestive and menstrual disorders, insufficient lactation, and bronchial complaints. The seeds are much used in India to increase the flow of milk in nursing mothers, and can be used to treat intestinal worms, especially in children. The seed is also ground into a powder, mixed with sesame oil, and used externally to treat abscesses, hemorrhoids, and orchitis (Huxley, 1992).
FIGURE 9.21 Peruvian Andes mountain village marketplace where various medicinal and culinary herbs are being sold. (Photo courtesy of Dr. James A. Duke.) FIGURE 9.21 Peruvian Andes mountain village marketplace where various medicinal and culinary herbs are being sold. (Photo courtesy of Dr. James A. Duke.)
Herbal teas are a fun and much better tasting way for me to extract the plants' medicinal constituents. The general recipe for teas is to use 1 oz (28.57 g) of dried tops (leaves, flowers, and stems) per 1 pt (0.48 l) of water or 2 oz (57.2 g) of fresh herbs per 1 pt (0.48 l) of water. Keep in mind that the herb will soak up approximately one quarter of the total water you use. Also, be sure to use distilled water (you don't want chlorine or other chemicals in your tea). I poured boiled hot water over the herb in a large pot, and then allowed the herb to steep for 15 min, but one can steep it for longer periods. The longer the infusion is under the hot water, the stronger the tea's potency. Meanwhile, I kept a tight lid on the pot because I didn't want any of the medicinal products to escape. If you can smell the aroma of the tea, then your tea is losing its potency. Finally, I strained the infusion into another container once again using a paper filter. The general dosage is a...
Curly parsley, chives and dill are widely grown in Germany, while flat parsley and tarragon are widely grown in France. The USA has cultivation of high-quality herbs such as parsley, tarragon, oregano and basil. The Mediterranean countries of Egypt and Morocco cultivate parsley, chives and dill. East European countries such as Poland, Hungary, Greece and the former Yugoslavia grow herbs on a limited scale. The countries of origin of herbal spices and major areas of cultivation are given in Table 2.2. Herbal spices can be used either fresh or dried or in the form of extractives such as oils and oleoresins. Herbs have traditionally been traded as dried products. With the advent of modern methods of preservation, frozen herbs and fresh herbs have become available but the industry remains dominated by the trade in dried products. Different methods are used to dry herbs and spices. Sun drying and shade drying are still widely used. Since natural sun shade drying leads to quality...
Some resources will also list the pharmacopoeial name, perhaps only widely used in European countries. This is a convenient system for identifying a substance by referring to its scientific name plus the plant part or type of preparation being used. Some herbs will thus be associated with more than one pharmacopoeial name preparations made from the root of Echinacea are referred to as Echinacea radix, while those using the aerial parts of the plant are known as Echinacea
The (probable) active ingredients of the herbal compounds in Table 12.1 tend to fall into a limited number of chemical families one of these is high-molecular-weight polysaccharides, which are large sugar molecules. Natural compounds containing them include Astragalus, Ganoderma, Eleutherococcus, and PSK. A second family of immunostimulating compounds is the saponins. Natural compounds with these are Eleuthero-coccus and ginseng. It is tempting to speculate that the most effective combinations of herbal immune stimulants will contain compounds from both families, and in fact, most multiherb, immunostimulating formulas used in Chinese herbal medicine do have both. Some herbs
Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 22 Kumamoto herb garden, 14 Missouri Botanical Garden, 29 New York Botanical Garden, 28 University of Washington medicinal herb garden, 33 Botanical illustrations, 23, 27, 32 Botanical names, 19-20 Botanical Safety Handbook, 38 Brandon-Hill list of core medical Henriette's Herbal Homepage, 40, 160 Herb gardens, 14, 33 Herb Research Foundation (HRF), 22, 51 Digest, 28 Herbs and Herb Gardening An americanum), 151 Prostate cancer, 151 Psoralea corylifolia, 69 PubMed, 139-140. See also University of Washington Medicinal Herb Garden PubMed Clinical Query, 103 PubSCIENCE, 141 Herb Garden, 33 USDA (United States Department of
Historically, great herbal masters in China in the ancient days did produce records on adverse effects and toxic problems of some herbs. As early as the Han dynasty (second century), documents were produced on herbs that need to be utilized with care or extreme care (14). This tradition was followed closely in the subsequent centuries (15).
Herbal remedies were an important component of American medicine right up until the early years of the twentieth century. Medical historians believe that upon their arrival in North America in the sixteenth century, early European explorers began trading information about herbal remedies with the Native Americans they encountered. According to Medicinal Plants of Native North America, the various indigenous tribes had over 18,000 uses for herbs.1 Several of these herbs, such as seneca snakeroot (Polygala senega L.), wild cherry (Prunus virginiana L.), and balm of Gilead (Populus candicans Ait.), actually found their way into some editions of the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) or the National Formulary (NF). Some herbs sold today, such as echinacea, were originally used by Native Americans for the same purposes they are used for today.
Additives and preservatives have been used in foods for centuries. When meats are smoked to preserve them, compounds such as butylated hydroxy-anisole (BHA) and butyl gallate are formed and provide both antioxidant and bacteriostatic effects. Salt has also been used as a preservative for centuries. Salt lowers the water activity of meats and other foods and inhibits bacterial growth. Excess water in foods can enhance the growth of bacteria, yeast, and fungi. Pickling, which involves the addition of acids such as vinegar, lowers the pH of foods to levels that retard bacterial growth. Some herbs and spices, such as curry, cinnamon, and chili pepper, also contain an-tioxidants and may provide bactericidal effects.
Patients undergoing active treatment should be told to stop using herbal remedies, because some herbs cause problematic interactions with chemo-therapeutic agents, sensitization of the skin to radiation therapy, dangerous blood pressure swings, and other unwanted interactions with anesthetics during surgery.
Purchase organic vegetable broth as a base. We use the product Shari Ann's which can be purchased at most health food stores. There is a wheat free soy sauce called Organic Tamari made by San-J. I also add sesame seeds, Celtic Sea Salt, and fresh herbs such as basil, chives, and parsley. Simmer over medium heat, cooking until tender. Simultaneously prepare flat rice noodles.
The Bible is full of ideas for meals. Esau was a hunter. He served Isaac, his father, a special meal with the wild game he captured. My mouth is watering just thinking about the aroma, the essence of fresh herbs and venison he must have used. Preparing a blessing meal for a patriarch was a once-in-a-lifetime event. When was the last time you had stew Try making your next batch with a pressure cooker. Add some new vegetables. Live it up a little Add some turnip, squash, and fresh herbs.
Drying herbs To dry herbs, tie them in small bundles and hang these from the rafters or a laundry airer, or spread the herbs on a sheet of brown paper or a screen. (Avoid using newspaper as the inks contain toxic chemicals.) You can easily make your own drying screen by stapling some mosquito netting or other open-weave fabric to a wooden frame. This is ideal, as the air can circulate around the plant, and yet you won't lose any small flowers or leaves that are loose.
A patient of Julie's had deep red and painful shins from a radiation burn, and came every few days for several weeks for a dressing of fresh plantain juice mixed with slippery elm powder. Other fresh herbs such as chickweed and yarrow were added to the juice at times, but ribwort was the mainstay. The patient's legs healed and have not needed further treatment.
We usually want to harvest herbs when they are at their lushest. It's best to pick on a dry day, after the morning dew has burned off. For St John's wort and aromatic plants the energy of the sun is really important, so wait for a hot day and pick while the sun is high in the sky, ideally just before noon. But because fresh herbs aren't available year round or may not grow right on your doorstep, you may want to preserve them for later use. Follow these guidelines.
Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?