D

dalteparin, 465 Darvocet, 467

death, fetal. see also pregnancy loss alcohol use and, 21 coping with, 542-543 illicit drug use and, 22 listeriosis and, 564 PUBS and, 310 vehicular accidents and, 322 death, maternal, 157, 352, 585 decongestants, 419

deep vein thrombophlebitis, 579-580 dehydration exercise and, 20 of newborns, 232 during pregnancy, 438-439 travel and, 323 Demerol (meperidine), 328, 330, 332 Depakene (valproic acid), 466 Department of Transportation Auto Safety

Hot Line, 237 Depo-Provera, 391 depression, 512-513, 545-547 dermis, 94

desaturation episodes, 222

diabetes, 513-515. see also gestational diabetes exercise and, 19 glucose tolerance test for, 118 urine test for, 68 diabetic nephropathy, 515 diagnostic tests, 289 diaper changing, 232, 244-246 diaper rash, 246-247 diapers, 244

diaphragm (contraceptive device), 392 diaphragm (muscle)

displacement of, 125, 134, 147, 427 prenatal development of, 123 diarrhea international travel and, 324 in newborns, 232 as sign of labor, 165 diastasis, 416-417 diastolic blood pressure, 81 diazepam, 328 dieting, preconception, 4 differentiation, 57

digestive system, development of, 103 dilation, 63, 136, 148-149, 152, 164,

167-168, 172 dilation and curettage (D and C), 540 dinoprostone, 568 discomfort and crying, 226 dizziness, 441-442 doctor visits before conception, 5

in early pregnancy, 65-69, 76, 86-87, 99 in late pregnancy, 119, 129, 141-142,

151-152 postpartum, 259-260 dolomite, 13 domestic violence, 8 Doppler ultrasound, 76, 297 doulas, 334-335 Down syndrome age of mother and, 41 chromosome abnormality of, 41 prenatal testing for, 291, 292, 300-301, 304-305, 307 dreams, vivid, 61, 64, 439 dressing newborns, 243-244 drugs (illicit), 22-23, 60, 67 drugs (therapeutic). see medications Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, 275 ductus arteriosus, 222-223 due date accuracy of, 147, 155

estimating, 43, 46-47, 67 dystocia, 347, 354, 570-573

E. coli (Escherichia coli), 16 early labor, 167-171 ears, development of, 94 echocardiography, 297 eclampsia, 558 ectoderm, 48

ectopic pregnancy, 316, 540-543. see also pregnancy loss future pregnancy and, 319 risk factors for, 541 signs and symptoms of, 541 treatment of, 540-543 ultrasound diagnosis of, 298 edema (swelling), 490-491 effacement, 63, 152, 163 eggs (ova)

chromosomal abnormalities in, 37 declining quality with age, 36-37 declining quantity with age, 37-38 fertilization of, 44-45 lifetime supply of, 36 ovulation, 44 size of, 45 ejaculation, 44

electromagnetic field exposure, 34 electronic fetal nonstress and stress tests,

312-313 embryo, 57, 71 emergencies (pregnancy) month 1, 56 month 2, 70 month 3, 77 month 4, 88-89 month 5, 100-101 month 6, 110-111 month 7, 120-121 month 8, 130-131 month 9, 143 month 10, 153 emotional health anger at crying baby, 228, 229

anxiety, 128-129

"baby blues," 263

coping with parenthood, 260-263

depression, 512-513, 545-547, 585-588

disturbing thoughts and feelings, 64

mood swings, 52-53, 467-469

post-Caesarean, 205

postpartum depression, 263, 585-588

pregnancy loss and, 315-316 preparation for labor, 140-141 reactions to pregnancy, 52-53 typical fears and doubts, 108 endocarditis, 519 endoderm, 48 endometritis, 193, 580-581 endometrium, 48 enoxaparin, 465

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 16-17

environmental toxins, 16-17 epidermis, 94

epidural block, 175, 195, 197, 330-331 epilepsy, 515-517 episiotomy avoiding, 140 local anesthetic and, 329 recovery from, 253 to speed delivery, 178 erythema toxicum, 210 esomeprazole magnesium, 465 Essure, 397-398 estradiol, 38 estriol, 291 estrogen contraceptives containing, 389-392

fibroids and, 532

functions of, 61

implantation and, 49

mood changes and, 263, 468

morning sickness and, 469

nausea and, 61

ovulation and, 49

during pregnancy, 61, 82, 105, 148 yeast infections and, 504 exercise with baby, 259

conditions requiring caution, 19 danger signs during, 20 Kegel, 137 pelvic tilt, 139 during pregnancy, 17-20 risky activities, 18-19 squatting, 138-139 tailor sitting, 138 in third trimester, 135 wall slide, 139 external version, 142, 188 eyes blurred vision, 425-426 crossing of, 211, 234 dry, 440 formation of, 59

infection of, from gonorrhea, 212-213 of newborns, 211, 234

prenatal development of, 113, 114, 133 retinopathy of prematurity, 104, 224

face darkening of, 85 prenatal development of, 59, 72 red spots on, postpartum, 257 swelling of, 491 faintness, 24, 329, 441-442 fallopian tubes anatomy of, 44 conception and, 44, 46 contraceptive devices and, 398-399 ectopic pregnancy and, 298, 319, 540-543

pelvic inflammatory disease and, 529 falls, 442-443

false labor, 106-107, 116, 161, 165, 435-436

family history genetic screening, 271-272, 274

Family Medical Leave Act of 1993, 28 family physicians, 279-280, 360 famotidine, 465 fathers bottle-feeding and, 367 childbirth classes with, 108, 156 depression after childbirth, 263 family history and birth defects, 5 fear of partner's death, 157 genetic contribution of, 45 planning for pregnancy with, 4 as primary caregivers, 405 reaction to pregnancy, 53 at ultrasound exam, 99 fatigue breast-feeding and, 365 coping with, at work, 29-30 multiple gestations and, 91 of newborns, and crying, 226 postpartum, 254 during pregnancy, 443-444 fears, 458-459

baby's, and crying, 226 childbirth classes and, 155 in early pregnancy, 64 father's, 157

sharing with health care provider, 68, 195 sharing with partner, 108 typical, 108, 458 fear-tension-pain cycle, 150, 333 fecal incontinence, 255, 354 feeding, 383-384. see also bottle-feeding; breast-feeding feeding (continued)

choosing breast or bottle, 363-368 newborn eating habits and, 217, 229-230 of premature babies, 220 sleepy babies and, 230-231 by tube, 217, 220 feet enlargement of, 444-445 itching of, 85, 482 reddened soles of, 482 swelling of, 490-491 female condoms, 393 fencing reflex, 233 fentanyl, 328, 330, 332 fertility, 36, 37. see also eggs (ova) fertility drugs, 90 fertilization, 44-45 fetal alcohol effect (FAE), 21 fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), 21 fetal blood sampling, 308-311, 578 fetal echocardiography, 297 fetal hydrops, 563 fetal monitor, 171, 173 fetal nonstress and stress tests, 312-313 fetal stimulation test, 578 fetus amniocentesis and, 302 death of, 542-543 definition of, 72 development stages of

(see gestational age) "dropping" of, 135, 147, 160, 462 embryonic tail of, 71 head size of, 168, 187 injury to, 194, 302 intolerance of labor of, 577-578 maternal high blood pressure and, 511 movement of, 95, 115, 124, 134, 153, 480 position of, 118, 141-142, 152, 161 position of, in labor, 168, 188, 189, 573-574 prenatal testing of, 289-314 quickening of, 95

reduced movement of, 124, 153, 421 size of, and Caesarean section, 191 slow growth of, 550-553 too large for pelvis, 575 fiber laxatives, 255

fifth disease (erythema infectiosum), 33, 563 fimbriae, 44 fingerprints, 113

first trimester, 43-77. see also gestational age birth defect risks in, 60 common discomforts in, 60, 74-75

emotional changes in, 52-53, 64, 75-76 prenatal testing in, 294, 304-308 weight gain in, 6-7, 75 first-trimester protein test, 294, 295 fish, 16-17 flatulence, 447-448 flexible work hours, 28, 30 Flonase (fluticasone), 419 flunisolide, 419

fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH),

304-305 fluoxetine, 466 flu shots, 26, 438 flutamide, 418 fluticasone, 419 folic acid (folate)

anti-epilepsy drugs and, 516 depression and, 546 dietary sources, 12 miscarriage and, 538 neural tube defects and, 11-12 supplements, 5, 11-12, 49 vegan diet and, 14 follicles, 44, 45

follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), 38, 44 fontanelles, 209

Food and Drug Administration (FDA), 17

food aversions, 445-446

food cravings, 446

food safety, 14-17

football hold, 204, 373

footrests, 31

forceps-assisted birth, 209-210, 570 foreskin, 356-357 forgetfulness, 447 formula, infant, 367, 382. see also bottle-feeding fragile X syndrome, 275 fraternal twins, 90 freckles, 85

fruits and vegetables, raw, 16 fundal height, 87, 99, 118

galactosemia, 214 gallstones, 517-518 gas, intestinal, 447-448 gastroenteritis ("stomach flu"), 438-439

see also influenza gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), 451-453

general anesthesia, 193, 196, 197, 353

genes, 45

genetic amniocentesis, 300-301 genetic carrier screening tests, 269-276 family history based, 271-272, 274 interpreting results of, 274-276 population-based, 271 genetic counselors, 273, 309 genetic disorders autosomal recessive, 271 chromosome rearrangements, 274 defined, 270 mitochondrial, 274

preconception screening for, 269-276 prenatal testing for, 299-311 X-linked, 272, 274 genital warts, 529 German measles (rubella), 565 blood test for, 68 exposure to, 33, 60, 565 fetal growth restriction and, 551 vaccination for, 5, 26 gestational age. see also premature babies determination of, with ultrasound, 296, 299

prenatal testing and, 291, 292, 294 weeks 1 to 4, 43-48 weeks 5 to 8, 57-60 weeks 9 to 12, 71-73 weeks 13 to 16, 79-80 weeks 17 to 20, 93-95 weeks 21 to 24, 103-105 weeks 25 to 28, 113-114 weeks 29 to 32, 123-124 weeks 33 to 36, 133-134 weeks 37 to 40, 145-147 gestational diabetes, 547-549 age of mother and, 39 macrosomia and, 191 maternal obesity and, 8 testing for, 118 g^go 5

glucose challenge test, 118 glucose tolerance test, 118 glyburide, 549 gonorrhea, 529

eye infection from, 212-213 tests for, 66 grief, 316-317, 543 grocery shopping and food safety, 15 ground meat, 16

group B streptococcus (GBS), 141, 563-564

guided imagery, 151, 336

gum disease, 448-449

gums, bleeding, 424

gymnastics, 18

hair coloring, while pregnant, 434 maternal, fullness of, 128 of newborns, 211, 248 perming, while pregnant, 476-477 postpartum loss of, 257 prenatal development of, 80, 93, 94 hamburgers, 16 hands development of, 59, 113 itching, 85, 459 newborn reflexes and, 233 numbness of, 128, 429-430 reddened palms of, 85, 482 swelling of, 490-491 washing of, 15, 34 hand-to-mouth reflex, 233 hand washing, 15, 34 hazardous substances at work, 33 HCG tests, 449-450 head bruising of, 209 crowning of, 161, 178 engagement of, 161 flat spot on, 243 molding of, 168, 208-209 position of, in labor, 189, 573-574 size of, 168, 187 soft spots in, 209 too large for pelvis, 575 headaches, 62, 74, 450-451 after epidural block, 331 after spinal block, 332 health care (for baby)

choosing a provider, 86, 359-362 health care (for pregnancy) choosing a provider, 277-288 first visit during pregnancy, 65-69 follow-up appointments, 68-69 good communication with, 68 physical examinations, 66-67, 87,

141-142, 152 planning birth, 158, 287-288 postpartum care, 251-266 postpartum checkup, 259-260 preconception visit, 5 preparing questions for visits, 55 types of providers, 279-285 health problems (maternal) asthma, 507-508 cancers, 508-510 diabetes, 513-515 epilepsy, 515-517 food poisoning, 14-17

health problems (maternal) (continued)

gallstones, 517-518

heart disease, 518-519

hepatitis B, 519-520

herpes simplex, 520-521

high blood pressure, 511-512

HIV/AIDS, 521-522

immune thrombocytopenic purpura

(ITP), 524-525 inflammatory bowel disease (IBD),

525-526 lifestyle issues, 20-25 lupus erythematosus, 526-527 medical history, 68 obesity, 7-8

phenylketonuria (PKU), 527-528 rheumatoid arthritis, 528 sexually transmitted diseases, 528-530 sickle cell disease, 530-531 thyroid disease, 522-524 uterine fibroids, 531-532 hearing in newborns, 235 prenatal development of, 94, 114 screening test, 215 heartbeat, fetal, 58, 76, 87, 577 heartburn, 82, 91, 451-453 heart disease, 518-519 heart murmurs, 453

heart rate (fetal), 59, 173, 187-188, 312 heart rate (maternal) during exercise, 20 hyperthyroidism and, 522 during pregnancy, 125, 453 heart rate (newborns), 212, 222 heat stroke, 20 heavy lifting, 32 hematomas, 583

hemorrhoids, 125, 137, 255, 453-454 heparin, 465 hepatitis B, 519-520

blood test for, 68 exposure at work, 33 immunization for, in newborns, 213 herbal products, 5, 23, 25, 455 herbal tea, 23 heroin, 22

herpes simplex, 520-521 Caesarean birth and, 189 exposure at work, 33 herpes zoster (shingles), 430 hiccups, fetal, 421-422 high birth weight (macrosomia) age of mother and, 40

Caesarean birth and, 191 defined, 40

gestational diabetes and, 548 maternal obesity and, 8 high blood pressure (hypertension), 511-512 age and, 39 exercise and, 19 multiple gestations and, 92 placental abruption and, 554 hip pain, 455 HIV/AIDS, 68, 521-522 homocystinuria, 214 hormonal vaginal ring, 393-394 hormones. see also specific hormones breast-feeding and, 256, 368 contraception and, 389-392, 393-394 labor and, 569 postpartum, 263 during pregnancy, 61, 73, 105 thyroid, 522-523 horseback riding, 18 hospitals admission to, 171 baby care education in, 208 birthing rooms in, 285 discharge from, 204 family-centered care in, 285 getting ready for, 158-159 operating rooms in, 196 post-surgical care in, 200-203 preregistering with, 158 rooming-in option of, 208, 285 security procedures in, 208 when to go to, 152-153, 166 hot baths and hot tubs, 24, 81 hot dogs, 15

household chemicals, 24 household chores, 24, 30, 262 human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) Down syndrome and, 292 ectopic pregnancy and, 542 functions of, 61, 74 hyperemesis gravidarum and, 550 molar pregnancy and, 319 pregnancy tests and, 49, 50, 449-450 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), 33,

68, 521-522 human papillomavirus (HPV), 529 human placental lactogen (HPL), 61 hunger in newborns, 230 hunger (maternal), 455-456 hunger (newborns), 226 husbands. see fathers, partners hydramnios, 67

hydrocephalus, 191

hyperemesis gravidarum, 501-502, 550 hypertension. see high blood pressure hyperthyroidism, 522-523 hypnosis, 341-342 hypothyroidism, 214, 523-524 hysterectomy, post-Caesarean, 194

ibuprofen, 423 identical twins, 90 imagery and visualization, 32 immune system breast milk and, 364

fetal, 114, 146

HIV/AIDS and, 521

immune thrombocytopenic purpura and, 524 of newborns, 216 Rh incompatibility and, 302 immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP),

524-525 immunizations. see vaccinations implantation failure of, 50

intrauterine contraceptive devices and,

394-395 process of, 48

spotting or discharge and, 49, 497 incision care, 203 Indocin (indomethacin), 467 indomethacin, 467 induced labor, 40, 567-570 infant carriers, 240 infantile acne, 210 infant seats, 238

inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), 525-526 influenza, 456 inhibin B, 38

insomnia, 61, 91, 456-458 International Association for Medical

Assistance to Travelers, 324 International SOS Assistance, 324 international travel, 323-324 intertrigo, 480

intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), 104, 223 intrauterine devices (IUDs), 394-395 intrauterine fetal death, 542-543 intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR),

550-553 intravenous drug use, 23 intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), 104, 223 in vitro fertilization (IVF), 39, 295 ionizing radiation, 33 iron dietary sources, 13

supplements, 12-13, 91 vegan diet and, 14 iron deficiency anemia, 12, 81, 553-554 isolette, 219 isotretinoin, 26, 418 itching, 459

palms and soles, 85, 482 skin of abdomen, 127 IV (intravenous) needle, 171, 196, 201

Truth About Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Truth About Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome, also known as IBS, is a condition in which the bowel does not function as it should. If you are one that has been diagnosed with IBS, then there is a real need to find the help to relieve the symptoms you are facing.

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