Prompt administration of the antitoxin (type ABE botulinus) lowers the risk of death to 10 percent. Most untreated victims will die. The Centers for Disease Control is the only agency with the antitoxin, and it makes the decision to treat. Local health departments should be called first for this information. While induced vomiting may help following ingestion of food known to contain botulism toxin, it may not eliminate the toxin completely. The disease can occur with only a small amount of toxin, thus botulism may still develop. Enemas may be necessary. Patients are usually put on a respirator to ease breathing.

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