Health maintenance for patients with sickle-cell disease starts with early diagnosis, preferably in the newborn period, and includes penicillin prophylaxis, vaccination against pneumococcus bacteria, and folic acid supplementation. Treatment of complications often includes antibiotics, pain management, intravenous fluids, blood transfusion, and surgery, all backed by psychosocial support. Like all patients with chronic disease patients are best managed in a comprehensive multidisciplinary program of care.

In search for a substance that can prevent red blood cells from sickling without causing harm to other parts of the body, Hydroxyurea was found to reduce the frequency of severe pain, acute chest syndrome, and the need for blood transfusions in adult patients with sickle-cell disease. Droxia, the prescription form of hydroxyurea, was approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) in 1998 and is now available for adult patients with sickle-cell anemia. Studies are being conducted to determine the proper dosage for children.

sick school syndrome Many of the nation's schools have poor ventilation and significant sources of pollution inside the buildings, which can be a serious problem for children with asthma; in particular, indoor pollutants can be a problem. When a building has indoor air problems, it is known as a "sick building." When a school is deemed sick, it means that the people inside experience health problems that have no other obvious cause and that these symptoms or problems disappear or improve when they leave the building. According to a 1995 federal government survey, half of all schools in the country were sick schools.

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Coping with Asthma

Coping with Asthma

If you suffer with asthma, you will no doubt be familiar with the uncomfortable sensations as your bronchial tubes begin to narrow and your muscles around them start to tighten. A sticky mucus known as phlegm begins to produce and increase within your bronchial tubes and you begin to wheeze, cough and struggle to breathe.

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