The best way to prevent STDs is to avoid sexual contact with others. To reduce the risk of developing an STD, teens who are sexually active should:

• have only one partner

• correctly and consistently use a condom

• prevent and control other STDs to decrease susceptibility to HIV infection

• delay having sex, because the younger a person is having sex for the first time, the more vulnerable to an STD

• have regular checkups for STDs even in the absence of symptoms, especially if having sex with a new partner

• avoid having sex during menstruation—HIV-infected women are more infectious, and HIV-uninfected women are more susceptible to becoming infected during this time

• avoid anal intercourse, but if practiced, use a condom

• avoid douching, because this removes some of the normal protective bacteria in the vagina and increases the risk of getting some STDs shaken baby syndrome Forceful shaking of an infant or young child by the arms, legs, chest, or shoulders can cause brain damage leading to mental retardation, speech and learning disabilities, paralysis, seizures, hearing loss, and death. It may cause bleeding around the brain and eyes, resulting in blindness. A baby's head and neck are especially vulnerable to injury because the head is so large and the neck muscles are still weak. In addition, the baby's brain and blood vessels are very fragile and are easily damaged by whiplash motions such as shaking, jerking, and jolting.

About 50,000 cases of shaken baby syndrome occur each year in the United States; one shaken baby in four dies as a result of this abuse. Head trauma is the most frequent cause of permanent damage or death among abused infants and children, and shaking accounts for a significant number of those cases. Some studies estimate that 15 percent of children's deaths are due to battering or shaking and an additional 15 percent are possible

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