Every child possesses the ability to use language; although some can master only basic levels of communication, others learn many languages easily. For years researchers have recognized the connection between language and the brain. They know that damage to one portion of the brain will affect the ability to express clear grammatical sentences, although a person's understanding of vocabulary and syntax remains intact. As Gardner notes, even young children and deaf individuals will begin to develop their own unique language if they are not offered an alternative. A person's ability to construct and comprehend language may vary, but as a cognitive trait it is still universal.

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