treatment regimen that combines reverse tran-scriptase inhibitors and protease inhibitors to treat patients who are newly infected with HIv. However, researchers have shown that HAART cannot eradicate HIv entirely from the body.

There are a number of drugs to help treat opportunistic infections to which children with HIv are especially prone, including foscarnet and ganci-clovir to treat cytomegalovirus eye infections, fluconazole to treat yeast and other fungal infections, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) or pentamidine to treat Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).

Children can receive PCP preventive therapy when certain T-cell counts drop to levels considered below normal for their age group. Regardless of their cell counts, however, HIV-infected children who have survived an episode of PCP take drugs for the rest of their lives to prevent a recurrence of the pneumonia.

HIV-infected children who develop cancers can be treated with radiation, chemotherapy, or injections of alpha interferon, a genetically engineered naturally occurring protein.

0 0

Post a comment