Herpes zoster See shingles

hiccups Hiccups happen when the muscles of the diaphragm tighten. The diaphragm lies on top of the stomach, a thin shelf-like muscle separating the lungs and heart from the stomach and intestines. The intercostal muscles controlling the diaphragm lie between the ribs. When these muscles function normally, they help a child breathe, speak, sing, and cough. But sometimes the nerves controlling these muscles do not work right, usually in a younger child.

Hiccups can be quite common in infants and are noted by mothers before their babies are born. Babies usually get hiccups because they swallow air when feeding; as the stomach gets bigger, it squeezes the diaphragm, which is why burping a baby can help hiccups. In newborns the lack of muscle tone at this age makes hiccups appear to control the baby's whole body, but they do not hurt children and usually will stop on their own after a brief period. overstimulation can trigger hiccuping in infants as well.

Sucking hard or eating too much can make hiccups worse. older children get hiccups from drinking too much soda pop or eating too much too fast. An upset or full stomach can lead to hiccups. Hiccups can hurt, but they are usually harmless, and children tend to outgrow them by late adolescence.

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