Heimlich Maneuver on a Baby

The Heimlich maneuver should not be performed on a baby if the baby can cough strongly and breathe, cry, or make a normal voice sound. If the baby cannot do any of these things, there may be a serious airway blockage.

No one should try to attempt to retrieve the object blocking the airway unless it is visible in the mouth. If visible, the object can be swept out with a finger. By attempting to retrieve an object that is not visible, a helper risks pushing it farther down the baby's windpipe. Someone should call 911 while the helper begins the Heimlich maneuver this way:

On an infant less than a year old:

1. The baby should be held face down in the helper's forearm, with the forearm extended out in front, making sure the baby's head is lower than its feet.

2. With the palm of the other hand, hit the baby's back, gently but firmly, five times between the shoulder blades.

3. Turn the baby face up in the helper's arm, and perform five chest thrusts, using the third and fourth fingers of the other hand. Repeat steps two and three until the object is expelled.

4. If the baby becomes unresponsive, stops breathing, or loses a heartbeat, infant CPR should be started until help arrives.

Helicobacter pylori A type of bacteria that can cause digestive illnesses, including inflammation and infection of the stomach lining, and peptic ulcer (sores on the lining of the stomach or small intestine). Experts believe that most such infections produce no symptoms, so a child can have an infection without knowing it. When the bacteria do cause symptoms, they are usually either symptoms of gastritis or peptic ulcer disease. Scientists suspect that H. pylori infection may be contagious, because the infection seems to run in families and is more common where people live in crowded or unsanitary conditions.

Symptoms

In children, symptoms of gastritis may include nausea, vomiting, and pain in the abdomen, in addition to stomach ulcers. In older children, the most common symptom of stomach ulcers is a gnawing or burning pain in the abdomen, usually in the area below the ribs and above the navel. This pain typically gets worse on an empty stomach and improves with food, milk, or an antacid medicine.

About 20 percent of children with this condition have bleeding ulcers, causing bloody vomit or black, bloody, or tarry stools. Younger children with stomach ulcers may not have symptoms as clear-cut as those of older children, and their illness may be harder to diagnose.

0 0

Post a comment