Heatstroke is the most severe form of heat illness and is a life-threatening emergency. When significantly overheated, the body loses its ability to regulate its own temperature and fever can soar to 105°F or even higher, leading to brain damage or even death if not quickly treated. Prompt medical treatment is required to bring body temperature under control.

Risk Overdressing for the climate and extreme physical exertion in hot weather with inadequate fluid intake increase the risk of heatstroke. Heatstroke also can occur if a child is trapped in a car on a hot day. When the outside temperature is 93°F, the temperature inside a car can reach 125° in just 20 minutes, quickly raising a child's body temperature to dangerous levels.

Symptoms Emergency medical help should be obtained immediately if a child has been outside in the sun for a long time and shows one or more of the following symptoms of heatstroke:

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