TaP vaccine

• Supervision Whenever young children are swimming, playing, or bathing in water, an adult should constantly watch them. This means that the supervising adult should not read, play cards, talk on the phone, mow the lawn, or do any other distracting activity while watching children.

• Buddy up Children should never swim alone or in unsupervised places but should always swim with a buddy.

• Beware of buckets Small children can easily drown in a bucket containing liquid; five-gallon industrial containers are a particular danger. Buckets always should be emptied when household chores are finished.

• No alcohol No one should drink alcohol during or just before swimming, boating, or water skiing, and no adults should drink alcohol while supervising children. Teenagers should be taught about the danger of drinking alcohol and swimming, boating, or water skiing.

• Prevent choking To prevent choking, children should never chew gum or eat while swimming, diving, or playing in water.

• Learn to swim Every child over age four should learn to swim, but swimming classes are not recommended for children under age four.

• Learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) A sound knowledge of CPR is particularly important for pool owners and individuals who regularly participate in water recreation.

• Beware swimming aids Parents should not use air-filled swimming aids such as water wings in place of life jackets or life preservers with children, because this can give parents and children a false sense of security and increase the risk of drowning.

• Check water depth The American Red Cross recommends nine feet of water as a minimum depth for diving or jumping.

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