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coxsackievirus Any of 30 different enteroviruses associated with a variety of symptoms, primarily affecting children during warm weather. The virus resembles the germ responsible for polio (especially in size). Among the diseases associated with these viruses are herpangina; hand, foot, and mouth disease; myocarditis; and meningitis.

Coxsackieviruses are separated into group A and group B viruses, with group B causing more serious infections. These viruses infect a child primarily via the gastrointestinal tract, although they may also enter the body through the respiratory tract via mucous droplets, especially when the droplets come from people with tonsillitis,


There are many viral types or strains identified by antibody testing or viral cultures, neither of which are often performed. These different strains may cause different symptoms. Some types of coxsack-ievirus are associated with specific clinical diseases:

• Coxsackievirus A16 and enterovirus 71 are linked with hand, foot, and mouth disease

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