Clubfoot

the presence of the bacterium. The bacteria will also grow on a culture plate in a lab from either the food or a stool sample.

Treatment

Because this is technically not an infection but an intoxication, no antibiotic will cure it. patients should drink small sips of clear fluids and electrolytes to replace what is lost. If dehydration is suspected, seek medical help. If food poisoning is suspected, local health departments should be notified.

clubfoot A congenital deformity of one or both feet that affects the bones, muscles, tendons, and blood vessels. The foot is usually short and broad in appearance, with the heel pointing downward while the front half of the foot turns inward. The Achilles tendon is tight, the heel looks narrow, and the muscles in the calf are smaller compared to a normal lower leg.

Clubfoot occurs in about one in every 1,000 live births and affects boys twice as often as girls. Half the time, both feet are affected.

Cause

Clubfoot is considered a multifactorial trait, which means that it involves both genetic and environmental factors. while experts do not really know what causes clubfoot, it may occur when a baby's foot stops growing at a certain point before birth, there is pressure on the baby's foot in the mother's womb, one of the bones in the foot does not form right, so that the rest of the foot grows crooked, or some of the muscles in the foot do not form normally and cause the bones to grow crooked.

Risk factors include a family history of club-foot, position of the baby in the uterus, neuro-muscular disorders such as cerebral palsy (CP) and spina bifida, and a decreased amount of amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus during pregnancy. If a family has one or more relatives who have clubfoot, then the chances are higher that the baby may have one also. If a couple already has one child with clubfoot, then the chances of having another child with the same condition are about one in 50.

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