Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf

This private, nonprofit organization serves as an information center, publisher, and advocate of effective ways of teaching deaf and hard of hearing people improve their abilities to speak, speechread (lipread), use residual hearing, and process spoken and written language. it also works to empower children with hearing problems to function independently.

Although it began in 1890 as an active proponent of speech for deaf people, the organization has gradually expanded its interests to include research, family support, and financial assistance to help deaf students attend classes with hearing children. (For contact information, see Appendix I.)

allergic rhinitis An inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose caused by an allergic reaction as inhaled allergens are trapped by the nasal filtration system. In allergic rhinitis, sneezing is a prominent feature and nasal symptoms may be accompanied by itchy watery eyes and intense itching of the nose and soft palate. The disease is triggered in susceptible children by allergic reactions to pollen, mold, dust mites, and other allergens.

Seasonal allergic rhinitis is called hay fever or seasonal allergic rhinitis. In this condition, both the nose and the eyes are affected. Allergic rhinitis that occurs year-round is known as perennial allergic rhinitis. Seasonal pollen allergy may exacerbate symptoms of perennial rhinitis.

Allergic rhinitis is the most common chronic disease in children, affecting about one in five children by the age of two or three years; up to 30 percent are affected during adolescence. Boys are twice as likely to get allergic rhinitis than girls, but the prevalence of allergic rhinitis may vary greatly by region. A study in Tucson, Arizona, for example, found that 42 percent of children were diagnosed with allergic rhinitis by the age of six.

A family history of allergic rhinitis is the greatest known risk factor for the condition. other risk factors include higher social class, male gender, breast-feeding for more than one month, being the first born, having a mother with asthma, and having a dog in the home.


Hay fever is triggered by windborne pollens such as grass and weeds as well as mold (fungal spores) in the summer and fall. perennial allergic rhinitis is caused by house dust, feather pillows, cigarette smoke, animal dander, and upholstery.


Hay fever causes sneezing, profuse runny nose, and nasal obstruction or congestion. Nose and eyes may itch. Eyelids and the whites of the eyes may look red and swollen, and there may be headache or sinus pain, dark circles under the eyes, itchy throat, malaise, and fever. Perennial allergic rhinitis may cause dark circles under the eyes and chronic blocked nasal passages often extending to eustachian tube obstruction, particularly in children.

Children suffering from the disease may not sleep well or look well. An estimated one and a half million school days are lost each year due to allergic rhinitis, but even when children are at school, poorly treated allergic rhinitis can diminish their ability to learn, concentrate, and interact socially.

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